Cases reported "pleuropneumonia"

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1/12. Pleuro pulmonary infection with salmonella group E.

    A patient was admitted with a history of cough, shortness of breath and fever. After investigations, he was found to have a left-sided pneumonia with pleural effusion. culture of the patient's sputum, pleural fluid and blood revealed salmonella senftenberg. The patient was started on antibiotics according to the sensitivity report and responded to therapy. The past history revealed attempt at suicide by the intake of corrosive acid, which caused an esophageal stricture. The leak of gastric contents into the mediastinum lead to the infection of the pleural cavity and pneumonia. ( info)

2/12. CT diagnosis of delayed presentation of congenital diaphragmatic hernia simulating massive pleuropneumonia.

    A case of an 11-month-old infant with a delayed presentation of congenital diaphragmatic hernia is reported. Incarceration of the herniated colon caused a misleading appearance on the chest X-ray which was interpreted as massive pleuropneumonia. Computed tomography, performed because of continuing deterioration in the clinical condition, showed fluid-filled bowel loops in the chest and dilated bowel loops with air-fluid levels in the abdomen, suggesting the correct diagnosis. ( info)

3/12. hemothorax under thrombolytic therapy with recombinant tissue: plasminogen activator (rt-PA) in a 16-year-old girl.

    We present the case of a 16-year-old girl with an extended thrombosis of the femoral and iliac vein and the inferior vena cava during pleuropneumonia; predisposing risk factors for thrombophilia were: use of contraceptives, nicotine abuse and congenital deficiency of antithrombin iii (not previously diagnosed). thrombolytic therapy with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA; initial dose: 0.08 mg/kg/h) was started. 2 days later--after diagnosis of an extended hemothorax: 1500 ml blood were obtained after thoracocentesis, transfusion of packed red blood cells was necessary--rt-PA was stopped, with only heparin (400 U/kg/d) being administered. 36 h later--the thrombosis had not yet changed--the thrombolytic therapy with rt-PA was continued in a markedly reduced dose (0.015 mg/kg/d) with no further bleeding complications. 8 days later--after successful thrombolysis--t-PA was stopped, heparin was given for another 10 days, then cumarin was administered orally. ( info)

4/12. breast milk transmission of a Panton-Valentine leukocidin-producing staphylococcus aureus strain causing infantile pneumonia.

    We report on a 38-day-old infant who developed pleuropneumonia due to a staphylococcus aureus strain responsible for familial furunculosis, which was acquired by maternal breast-feeding. All isolates from the infant and parents were genetically related by randomly amplified polymorphic dna analysis and produced Panton-Valentine leukocidin. ( info)

5/12. Fatal course of pulmonary absidia sp. infection in a 4-year-old girl undergoing treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

    absidia sp. is a rare etiologic agent responsible for infectious complications in immunosuppressed patients. The authors describe a 4-year-old girl with acute lymphoblastic leukemia complicated with pleuropneumonia caused by an absidia infection during the induction of remission. A review of the published reports in current literature is included for comparison. To the authors' knowledge only six cases of primary pulmonary absidiomycosis have been published. Despite its uncommon pulmonary presentation, mucormycosis should be considered in patients with an immunosuppressing illness and positive risk factors and when a pulmonary lesion is not responding to appropriate antibiotic therapy. ( info)

6/12. A renal transplant patient with intractable hiccups and review of the literature.

    Intractable hiccups in transplanted patients may be caused by various medical conditions including infections. We report a case of a 44-year-old man who suffered from intractable hiccups after cadaveric kidney transplantation. We identified 3 different hiccup periods with different causes: 1) steroid and anesthetics use, 2) severe ulcerose herpetic and mycotic esophagitis, and 3) pleuropneumonia caused by nosocomial methicillin-resistant staphylococcus epidermidis and pulmonary abscess requiring thoracic surgery. ( info)

7/12. pneumocystis carinii pleuropneumonia after aerosolized pentamidine prophylaxis.

    We observed an atypical Pneumocystis infection with spontaneous pneumothorax, bronchopleural fistulae, an apical cyst and Pneumocystis pleuritis after aerosolized pentamidine prophylaxis in an AIDS patient. These findings suggest a failure of pentamidine aerosol in controlling active Pneumocystis infection in peripheral pulmonary areas. A relapse of pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) must be suspected when pneumothorax occurs during secondary prophylaxis with aerosolized pentamidine. It should always be confirmed by bronchoalveolar lavage or transbronchial or open biopsy. Cases presenting as atypical Pneumocystis pneumonia may additionally reveal extrapulmonary dissemination of Pneumocystis infection. ( info)

8/12. Pleuropulmonary tularemia: successful treatment with erythromycin.

    A 64-year-old man had community-acquired pneumonia that was retrospectively diagnosed as pleuropulmonary tularemia. He was successfully treated with erythromycin. We review the case and briefly discuss the literature on this point. ( info)

9/12. Infections due to Lancefield group G streptococci.

    The group G streptococcus has surfaced in the past 10 to 15 years as an important opportunistic and nosocomial pathogen. Although more precise organism recognition accounts for a portion of these cases, there can be little doubt that the group G streptococcus has become a more prevalent pathogen. Commercial kits, utilizing staphylococcal coagglutination or latex agglutination, are now available, affording all clinical laboratories the opportunity to identify this organism easily. Published reviews encompassing the experiences of a single institution or even several institutions affiliated with a single medical center, particularly as they were influenced by referral patterns, did not reflect the broad scope of infections that we discovered by extending our survey into the community, beyond the medical center complex and its immediate affiliated hospitals. Although malignancy is the single most obvious background factor, alcoholism and diabetes are also important host determinants of infection. skin and soft-tissue infections (and surface sources of infection) are equally important among patients with or without the element of malignancy. Polymicrobial infection, including polymicrobial bacteremia, is an important feature, with S. aureus infections accounting for most of these cases, relating to the skin and soft tissue sources of infections so commonly seen. We saw a panorama of problems including endocarditis, septic arthritis, pleuropulmonary infections, bone and joint infections, puerperal sepsis and neonatal infection, peritonitis and ophthalmitis; we also saw a significant number of patients with bacteremia and no apparent primary source of infection. Response to antibiotic therapy was dictated by the nature of the underlying diseases, and individuals without a background of malignant disease did well, particularly those with skin and soft-tissue infections. While the literature suggests that patients with endocarditis and septic arthritis due to this organism respond poorly to antibiotic therapy, implying that such failures relate to in vitro antibiotic phenomena, we preferred to examine the problem from the viewpoint of the host(s) involved. Subacute endocarditis and acute endocarditis due to the group G streptococcus may be clinically separable, and thus require separate therapeutic approaches. In patients with septic arthritis, prosthetic devices, prior joint disease and immunosuppressive diseases and therapy often adversely influence the response to antibiotic therapy.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) ( info)

10/12. Congenital afibrinogenemia in Hasan Sadikin Hospital.

    A case of a 24-year-old male with congenital afibrinogenemia has been discussed. The diagnosis was made based upon history, physical examination, umbilical cord bleeding, bleeding history and similar cases were found being the patient's grandfather and brother. Laboratory tests supported the diagnosis with a prolonged bleeding time, prothrombin time (PT), undetected partial thromboplastin time (PTT), flat line on thromboelastogram, and undetected fibrinogen (less than 78 mg/dl), with substitution test which showed fibrinogen deficiency. ( info)
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