Cases reported "pneumopericardium"

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1/142. Early onset neonatal spontaneous pneumopericardium.

    Neonatal pneumopericardium is a rare clinical condition which usually occurs in association with other air leaks, especially when there is severe lung pathology, post vigorous resuscitation, or in presence of assisted ventilation. We report the first case of isolated, spontaneous pneumopericardium occurring in the absence of a history of neonatal resuscitation, mechanical ventilation, or of significant lung pathology. In this neonate the pneumopericardium had a relatively benign course resolving on oxygen therapy. We also review the literature and highlight the differences between the early onset, often spontaneously resolving cases, and the late onset usually severe cases. ( info)

2/142. Spontaneous pyopneumopericardium.

    A previously healthy 42-year-old man presented to the emergency department with progressive weakness, lightheadedness, nausea, and lower extremity edema. Evaluation revealed hypotension, pulsus paradoxus, leukocytosis, hepatic and renal dysfunction, and an air-fluid level in the mediastinum. Emergency department ultrasound confirmed the presence of a large pericardial fluid collection. The patient was admitted to the medical intensive care unit with a diagnosis of pyopneumopericardium for emergent pericardiocentesis. ( info)

3/142. Spontaneous tension pneumopericardium complicating staphylococcal pneumonia.

    The authors describe a patient with spontaneous pneumopericardium complicating staphylococcal pneumonia and empyema that resulted in cardiac tamponade. Spontaneous pneumopericardium is an unusual disorder. The causes and clinical findings of pneumopericardium are reviewed, as are the radiographic features that differentiate this condition from pneumomediastinum. Early recognition of pneumopericardium is important, because emergent pericardiocentesis may be required if there is clinical evidence of tamponade. ( info)

4/142. pneumopericardium mimicking acute myocardial ischemia after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

    pneumopericardium occurred after laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a 57-year-old woman. The patient had chest pain accompanied by T-wave inversion on electrocardiogram, with signs and symptoms suggestive of acute myocardial ischemia. Evaluation for myocardial infarction, however, was negative and clinical findings resolved spontaneously. Although pneumopericardium after laparoscopic procedures has been previously reported, this case illustrates how associated findings may mimic those of acute myocardial ischemia or infarction. ( info)

5/142. Tension pneumopericardium during laparoscopy for trauma.

    A case involving a patient with multiple stab wounds to the thoracoabdomen is reviewed. laparoscopy was employed to determine peritoneal penetration. Hemodynamic collapse occurred secondary to tension pneumopericardium, which resulted from a 15 mm Hg pneumoperitoneum. The relevant literature is reviewed. ( info)

6/142. Pneumomediastinum acquired by glass blowing.

    Pneumomediastinum is uncommon. We present a case of spontaneous pneumomediastinum, which occurred in a young man whose profession is glass blowing. He presented not only with typical complaints of chest pain and odynophagia, but also with the unusual complaint of a "foreign body" sensation in the middle of his chest. ( info)

7/142. pneumoperitoneum caused by transhepatic air leak after metallic biliary stent placement.

    A self-expanding metallic biliary stent was placed for palliation of a common bile duct obstruction in a 68-year-old male with unresectable pancreatic head cancer 3 days after initial percutaneous right transhepatic catheter decompression. The stent crossed the ampulla of vater. Three days later, the stent was balloon-dilated and the percutaneous access was removed. At removal, a small contrast leak from the transhepatic tract was seen. Three days later, pneumoperitoneum was found with symptoms of peritoneal irritation and fever. A widely open sphincter of oddi caused by the metallic stent, accompanied by delayed sealing of the transhepatic tract, may have caused the air and bile leakage into the peritoneal space. This case shows that pneumoperitoneum may occur without ductal tear or bowel injury, with a biliary stent crossing the ampulla of vater. ( info)

8/142. Pneumomediastinum and pneumopericardium: unusual and rare complications of asthma in a 4 years old girl.

    We describe a 4-year-old girl with asthma who presented with pneumomediastinum, pneumopericardium and subcutaneous emphysema. She was admitted to our hospital with dyspnea, chest pain, palpitation and cough of two days duration. She had attacks of cough, dyspnea and wheezing from two years of age, but she did not have a diagnosis of asthma previously. She was dyspneic and had subcutaneous emphysema in the neck, axilla and thorax. In the skin prick test (Center Lab. USA) she had positive reaction to dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, dermatophagoides farinae, mold mix, tree mix and grass mix. Pulmonary function tests could not be performed. In the chest X-ray air was seen in mediastinum and subcutaneous area and the epicardium was surrounded completely with air. She was treated successfully with inhaled salbutamol and budesonide. Radiological signs of pneumopericardium and pneumomediastinum disappeared completely in ten days period. In the light of this case we want to mention that early diagnosis and treatment of asthma should be done to prevent serious complication of asthma. ( info)

9/142. pneumopericardium after bronchoscopic carbon dioxide laser surgery--a case report.

    A female baby sustained pneumopericardium after bronchoscopic CO2 laser surgery for tracheal stenosis. Perioperative pneumopericardium though rare is a life-threatening condition in babies. The symptoms are usually not specific such as hypotension, bradycardia, muffled heart sound, cardiovascular collapse, etc. The causes and clinical findings of pneumopericardium were reviewed, as are the radiographic features so as to differentiate the condition from pneumomediastinum. Early recognition of pneumopericardium is important, because emergent pericardiocentesis may be required if there is clinical evidence of cardiac tamponade. ( info)

10/142. Tension pneumopericardium after blunt chest trauma.

    We present a case of tension pneumopericardium in a patient involved in a motor vehicle crash. This patient was treated initially with a percutaneously placed drain and then definitively by a video assisted thoracoscopic pericardial window. ( info)
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