Cases reported "poisoning"

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1/449. Successful donation and transplantation of multiple organs after fatal poisoning with brodifacoum, a long-acting anticoagulant rodenticide: case report.

    BACKGROUND: Successful organ donation has been reported after death from poisonings with cyanide, carbon monoxide, methanol, benzodiazepines, and tricyclic antidepressants. In this report, we describe a case of multiple organ donation from a previously healthy individual who died from poisoning with the long-acting anticoagulant rodenticide, brodifacoum. methods: Case report and review of the literature. RESULTS: All organs procured from the poisoned donor functioned adequately, and there were no hemorrhagic complications in any of the recipients. CONCLUSION: This case demonstrates that brodifacoum poisoning is not an absolute contraindication to organ donation from brain-dead patients who have sustained a fatal ingestion. ( info)

2/449. Recovery from prolonged metabolic acidosis due to accidental ethylene glycol poisoning.

    In this report, we describe a case of accidental ethylene glycol poisoning in a 90-year-old woman. Despite a delay in diagnosis and treatment of over 24 hours, this patient recovered completely from profound and lengthy metabolic acidosis. She is therefore the oldest known survivor of severe ethylene glycol intoxication. We review 79 additional cases of ethylene glycol intoxication reported in the literature since 1976 and comment on diagnostic, therapeutic and prognostic features of this form of poisoning. ( info)

3/449. The management of extreme hypernatraemia secondary to salt poisoning in an infant.

    We describe a five-week-old boy who had seizures and extreme hypernatraemia secondary to ingesting an improper home-made formula. Initial sodium concentration was 211 mmol.l-1. Other clinical and biological features were moderate dehydration and renal insufficiency with generous urine output and high urinary sodium concentration. fluid therapy with hypotonic dextrose solution corrected the volume deficit in 48 h and progressively decreased the serum sodium concentration. During ICU stay the patient developed recurrent episodes of seizures and pulmonary oedema requiring mechanical ventilation for five days. Recovery was complete with no abnormal sequelae after a ten-month follow-up. Salt poisoning is in unusual cause of extreme hypernatraemia. It can be safely managed with fluid therapy alone if urine output is preserved, with progressive decrease of serum sodium as target. If this condition is recognized, outcome should be favourable. ( info)

4/449. Contamination of antibiotics resulting in severe pediatric methadone poisoning.

    OBJECTIVE: To report an accidental contamination of antibiotic suspension by methadone that occurred in a retail Canadian pharmacy, leading to severe poisoning in a young child. CASE SUMMARY: A 4 1/2-year-old healthy Asian boy was prescribed amoxicillin suspension for cough and fever. Shortly after receiving the second dose of 5 mL he became drowsy and less responsive. On admission, he was arousable by deep pain, and pinpoint pupils were noted. A urine sample sent for a toxicology screen revealed the presence of methadone and its metabolite. blood methadone concentrations were 0.23 and 0.14 mg/L, five and nine hours after the second dose of amoxicillin was given, respectively. The amoxicillin suspension was tested for methadone and was found to have a concentration of 2.4 g/L. The child gradually improved and was discharged on day 4 in good condition. The pharmacy in which the antibiotic was dispensed has been a dispensing center for a local methadone maintenance program, and methadone was accidentally mixed with the antibiotics. DISCUSSION: In this case, a near fatal outcome occurred when methadone was inadvertently mixed with antibiotics in a community pharmacy. A literature search revealed two previous reports of opiate toxicity in children following ingestion of oral antibiotic preparations. CONCLUSIONS: Prompt action is needed in Canadian pharmacies that dispense methadone in order to minimize such errors in the future. general practitioners, pediatricians, and emergency department physicians should recognize and suspect this rare cause of opiate toxicity in a child. In a patient presenting with a decreased level of consciousness and miosis, with or without respiratory depression, naloxone administration should be considered, whether or not a history of opioid ingestion is obtained. ( info)

5/449. Pilsicainide intoxication in a patient with dehydration.

    An 81-year-old woman developed pilsicainide intoxication associated with dehydration. The patient had been taking pilsicainide (100 mg/day) for 1 year because of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. Her renal function was within normal limits. One week before admission, she was suffering from pneumonia, and had appetite loss, fever, and severe fatigue. physical examination revealed dehydration. The electrocardiogram (ECG) on admission showed atrioventricular dissociation, idioventricular rhythm with marked QRS widening and QTc prolongation. The plasma concentration of pilsicainide on admission was markedly elevated at 6.2 microg/ml, approximately 6 times the therapeutic range (0.25-1.0 microg/ml). Continuous saline infusion was initiated for the treatment of dehydration,which progressively improved. As a result, sinus rhythm was recovered 2 h after admission, and the QRS and JT intervals gradually normalized. This is an interesting case because the proarrhythmia of pilsicainide was induced by dehydration. ( info)

6/449. Organic arsenic intoxication from bird's nest soup.

    OBJECTIVE: To present a case of organic arsenic intoxication after consumption of bird's nest soup in a Vietnamese patient. METHOD: We have described the clinical picture of a patient with organic arsenic intoxication, and high levels of urine arsenic after consumption of bird's nest soup. RESULT: Withdrawal of bird's nest soup coincided with a decrease in urinary arsenic levels and the disappearance of peripheral neuropathy. CONCLUSION: This case illustrates the environmental contamination of bird's nest soup with organic arsenic. A prompt removal of the source from the diet resulted in clinical improvement. ( info)

7/449. Acute barium intoxication following ingestion of ceramic glaze.

    A case of deliberate overdose of barium sulphide in a psychiatric setting is presented, with resulting flaccid paralysis, malignant arrhythmia, respiratory arrest and severe hypokalaemia, but ultimately with complete recovery. The degree of paralysis appears to be related directly to serum barium levels. The value of early haemodialysis, particularly with respiratory paralysis and hypokalaemia, is emphasised. ( info)

8/449. Late manifestation of Indian childhood cirrhosis in a 3-year-old German girl.

    We report on a 3.8-year-old German girl who presented with signs of subacute liver failure based on a 4-month history. Investigations done before admission excluded infectious, metabolic and immunological diseases. Laboratory findings were increased values of aminotransferases, hyperbilirubinaemia, hyperammonaemia and deteriorated plasmatic coagulation. Caeruloplasmin and serum copper concentrations were normal; however, urinary copper excretion was elevated (80 microg/l). Liver biopsy showed a micronodular liver cirrhosis and an extremely high liver copper concentration (1400 microg/g dry weight). Epidemiological investigations revealed an elevated copper concentration (8645 microg/l, normal: <2000) and a low pH value (6.3) of the drinking water supplied by copper pipes. The girl had been exposed to copper-contaminated drinking water since the age of 2 years. CONCLUSION: Laboratory, histopathological findings and a proven chronic copper intoxication lead to the diagnosis of Indian childhood cirrhosis in a German girl. Whereas this disease is mostly described in patients with increased copper intake in infancy, our patient developed toxic liver cirrhosis with relatively late copper exposure. Indian childhood cirrhosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of early childhood liver cirrhosis. ( info)

9/449. Anticholinergic toxicity associated with lupine seeds as a home remedy for diabetes mellitus.

    We describe a case of sparteine intoxication associated with using a preparation from lupine seeds. A female patient of Portuguese origin presented to the emergency department with classic anticholinergic signs after ingestion of a lupine seed extract. She took the preparation with the belief it represented a cure for her recently diagnosed diabetes. Analysis of the patient's lupine bean extract identified the preponderant compound as oxo-sparteine by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Intoxication by lupine seeds rarely occurs in human beings. To our knowledge, no medical or toxicologic evidence supports a belief that lupine extract could lower serum glucose levels. This case highlights the need for emergency care providers to be aware of the health hazards that can be associated with the use of such home remedies. ( info)

10/449. Illnesses associated with occupational use of flea-control products--california, texas, and washington, 1989-1997.

    Dips, shampoos, and other insecticide-containing flea-control products can produce systemic illnesses or localized symptoms in the persons applying them. Although these products may pose a risk to consumers, they are particularly hazardous to pet groomers and handlers who use them regularly. Illnesses associated with flea-control products were reported to the california Department of Pesticide Regulation, the texas Department of health, and the washington State Department of health, each of which maintains a surveillance system for identifying, investigating, and preventing pesticide-related illnesses and injuries. This report describes cases of occupational illnesses associated with flea-control products, summarizes surveillance data, and provides recommendations for handling these products safely. ( info)
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