Cases reported "Proctitis"

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1/108. Subacute ischaemic proctitis: a rare condition requiring extensive rectal surgery.

    Subacute ischaemic proctitis is a rare condition. We describe the case of a 60-year-old male patient who developed, after aortic aneurysm repair, a transient ischaemic colitis that totally healed without sequelae. He eventually developed symptoms of severe proctitis. Investigations identified a stenosis of the mid rectum, while the upper rectum was inflammatory. On angiogram, there was a poor blood flow through the Riolan's arcade and a stenosis of the proximal aorto-graft anastomosis. diagnosis of subacute ischaemic proctitis due to poor blood supply through the internal iliac arteries was made. Anti-inflammatory drugs and dilations were inefficient. A subtotal proctectomy with low colorectal anastomosis was required. On pathological specimen, the lesions were strongly suggestive of an ischaemic process. The patient had an excellent recovery and was asymptomatic 8 months after the operation. ( info)

2/108. Treatment of radiation-induced proctitis with sucralfate enemas.

    OBJECTIVE: To report a case of radiation-induced proctitis treated with sucralfate enemas. CASE SUMMARY: A 77-year-old white woman was transferred from an acute care institution to our inpatient rehabilitation unit with impaired mobility and reduced activities of daily living. Her condition was secondary to myopathy and peripheral neuropathy associated with postradiation chemotherapy and metastatic ovarian carcinoma. During her stay, she developed hematochezia and pain secondary to a diagnosis of radiation-induced proctitis. Her hemoglobin had reached a nadir of 7.3 g/dL. The patient received blood transfusions and was started on 10% w/v sucralfate retention enemas 2 g/20 mL daily for 12 consecutive days. She was symptom-free at discharge, with a stable hemoglobin of approximately 10 g/dL. DISCUSSION: proctitis is a common adverse effect of radiotherapy to the lower abdomen and pelvic area. sucralfate is an aluminum complex that acts as a local cytoprotective agent against ulceration of the gastrointestinal mucosal lining. Rectal administration of sucralfate, as described in our patient and reported in published case studies, may provide an alternative therapy for patients with radiation-induced proctitis. CONCLUSIONS: sucralfate suspension enemas provide a viable treatment option in patients who are intolerant of, refractory to, or not candidates for standard therapy for radiation-induced proctitis. ( info)

3/108. Metastatic ulcerative penile Crohn's disease.

    Metastatic Crohn's disease (MCD) is a cutaneous granulomatous reaction which affects patients with bowel disease in areas of the skin distant from the affected bowel. Penile involvement is a very uncommon observation. We report a case of penile ulcerative MCD in a 37-year-old man, which requested surgical management. The lesion developed during reactivation of the bowel disease. ( info)

4/108. Formalin instillation for ischemic proctitis with unrelenting hemorrhage: report of a case.

    A case report of an elderly male with multiple medical problems and hemorrhagic, ischemic proctitis is presented. The proctitis was refractory to all other medical options but responded to topical instillation of 4 percent formalin. ( info)

5/108. Necrotizing proctitis caused by streptococcus pyogenes.

    We report the case of a 65-year-old patient with peritonitis, septicaemia and toxic shock syndrome in whom the primary focus of infection was acute purulent proctitis with necrosis. streptococcus pyogenes serotype T28R28 was isolated from blood culture and peritoneal pus. The patient recovered after a prolonged period of intensive therapy and four abdominal operations including anterior resection of the rectum. We believe this to be the first clinical description of streptococcal necrotizing proctitis. ( info)

6/108. Use of hyperbaric oxygen chamber in the management of radiation-related complications of the anorectal region: report of two cases and review of the literature.

    PURPOSE: This article was undertaken to present two cases of nonhealing ulcers that occurred after primary radiation therapy and local excision of suspected residual or recurrent anal carcinomas. Both patients responded favorably to hyperbaric chamber treatment. review of the literature is discussed, including cause, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and options for management of radiation-related complications in the anorectal region and use of hyperbaric oxygen treatment in colorectal surgery. methods: The cases of two patients with recurrent or residual anal carcinomas were reviewed. Objective clinical, laboratory test, and intraoperative findings were implemented to define this pathologic entity precisely, results of its treatment, and management of radiation-related complications. RESULTS: The study shows clinical effectiveness of hyperbaric chamber treatment for nonhealing wounds in the previously radiated anorectal region. The refractory wounds of both our patients healed. The patients were rendered free of symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Substantial pathologic changes in the irradiated tissues leading occasionally to nonhealing radiation proctitis are relatively infrequent consequences of radiation therapy for pelvic malignancies. Excisional and incisional biopsies of the radiation-injured tissues result in chronic ulcers accompanied by debilitating symptoms. Hyperbaric chamber treatment seemed to be a very effective means of therapy of radiation proctitis and nonhealing wounds in the involved anorectal region after conventional therapy had failed. ( info)

7/108. tuberculosis presenting as a perirectal mass: report of a case.

    The epidemic of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome has caused a worldwide resurgence of tuberculosis. A case of acute tuberculosis with anorectal involvement presenting at an urban American hospital is discussed. Although anorectal involvement by tuberculosis is not uncommon, the diagnosis is usually initially missed. ( info)

8/108. Rectal strictures following abdominal aortic aneurysm surgery.

    Rectal stricture formation is a rare complication of aortic aneurysm repair. Two case are described here. A combination of hypotension, a compromised internal iliac circulation and poor collateral supply following inferior mesenteric artery ligation can result in acute ischaemic proctitis--an infrequently described clinical entity. Ulceration and necrosis are the sequelae of prolonged ischaemia and fibrous stricture formation may result. One patient responded to dilatation and posterior mid-rectal myotomy; the other failed to respond to conservative measures and eventually had an end colostomy fashioned following intractable symptoms. ( info)

9/108. Successful treatment of idiopathic colitis and proctitis using thalidomide in persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus.

    Gastrointestinal ulcerations in persons infected with hiv have many causes, the most common being opportunistic infections and neoplasms. Recently, idiopathic ulcerative lesions of the colon and rectum have been described. Two cases are reported of idiopathic colonic and anorectal inflammation and ulceration which failed traditional therapies but responded to thalidomide with complete clinical and histologic resolution. ( info)

10/108. A case of haemorrhagic radiation proctitis: successful treatment with argon plasma coagulation.

    argon plasma coagulation (APC) has been used extensively for a wide range of indications in gastrointestinal endoscopy. We describe a case of haemorrhagic radiation proctitis treated successfully with APC. A 54-year-old Japanese woman presented with daily rectal bleeding 4 months after cessation of radiotherapy for uterine cancer. Colonoscopic examination showed friable bleeding teleangiectasias in the rectum. Her haemoglobin level was decreased to 5.4 g/dl, requiring frequent blood transfusions. Endoscopic APC set at 1.2 l/min and 45 W was applied. After four treatment sessions without any complications, the patient showed complete resolution of haematochezia and subsequent haematological improvement. Standard and magnifying endoscopic follow-up revealed complete eradication of the vascular lesions and cicatrization of the treated areas, and mucosal covering with normal crypt lining. Endoscopic APC is an effective and well-tolerated treatment modality for the management of haemorrhagic proctitis. ( info)
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