Cases reported "Prostatic Neoplasms"

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11/1939. Adenosquamous carcinoma of the prostate: case report with dna analysis, immunohistochemistry, and literature review.

    We diagnosed prostatic adenosquamous carcinoma by prostate core needle biopsy in a 55-year-old man with no history of prostate cancer. The prognosis, dna analysis, and histogenesis of this extremely rare tumor are controversial. To our knowledge, this is the first case of adenosquamous carcinoma diagnosed by core needle biopsy in a patient with no history of prostate cancer or hormonal therapy. We performed immunohistologic and dna analysis to further characterize this cancer. The clinical presentation and abnormal dna analysis portend an aggressive course. ( info)

12/1939. Use of complementary and alternative medicine in hawaii cancer patients.

    This research investigated complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use by Hawai'i cancer patients. Thirty-six percent of patients used CAM, most commonly religious/spiritual therapy and herbal treatments. CAM use was linked with younger age, female gender, Catholic religion, and more education. More research is needed to inform decision-making. ( info)

13/1939. Bilateral sphenoid wing metastases of prostate cancer presenting with extensive brain edema.

    A 76-year-old man insidiously developed diffuse neurological symptoms: cognitive decline, dysphagia, dysphasia and mental disturbance. Computed tomography of the cranium revealed widespread bilateral brain edema and symmetrical bilateral sphenoid wing hyperostosis. Adjacent to the hyperostosis that resembled skull base meningiomas, two separate parenchymatous temporal lobe lesions enhancing with contrast medium were observed. The patient had earlier been diagnosed to have prostatic carcinoma. dexamethasone therapy resulted in discontinuation of the neurological symptoms. The diagnosis of metastasized adenocarcinoma of the prostate was confirmed histologically on autopsy after a sudden death from pneumonia. Intracranial metastases of prostate cancer may have a predilection site at the sphenoid wing, and can mimic a skull base meningioma. Intracranial spread of prostatic adenocarcinoma should be considered in elderly men as a treatable cause of gradual neurological deterioration, especially if cranial malignancy or hyperostosis is found. ( info)

14/1939. Solitary fibrous tumour of the prostate.

    Solitary fibrous tumours are rare, benign neoplasms that are most commonly found in the pleura and less commonly on other serosal surfaces. Their cell of origin and aetiology are uncertain. A case of solitary fibrous tumour of the prostate is presented. We believe this to be the first case of this lesion to arise in this gland. Solitary fibrous tumours of the prostate may be confused with granulomatous prostatitis or carcinoma as all three may present with a nodule on rectal examination and appear as a hypoechoic nodule on transrectal ultrasound. ( info)

15/1939. Renal cell carcinoma with solitary synchronous pancreaticoduodenal and metachronous periprostatic metastases: report of a case.

    We report herein the case of a patient who underwent successful resection of a solitary metachronous periprostatic metastasis 12 months after undergoing a right radical nephrectomy with pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with a synchronous pancreaticoduodenal metastasis. At present the patient is free of any signs of recurrence 12 months after removal of the metachronous mass in the periprostate. This case report supports the opinion that an aggressive surgical approach is appropriate for RCC metastasis. ( info)

16/1939. Frequency of flutamide induced hepatotoxicity in patients with prostate carcinoma.

    To identify and describe the frequency and severity of hepatotoxicity in patients who received flutamide therapy for prostate cancer, 22 patients were treated with the combination of flutamide and goserilin or orchiectomy. After diagnosis and staging of prostate cancer, baseline results were obtained for a set of five liver function tests (LF Ts). Hepatotoxicity was assessed according to the WHO criteria. After initiation of flutamide therapy, LF Ts were performed at 4, 8 and 12 weeks and every 2 months thereafter. Severe hepatotoxicity appeared in two of 22 (9%) patients. Following the discontinuation of flutamide, one patient died due to acute liver failure. On the other patient an improvement of LF Ts occurred after cessation of flutamide. The observed severe hepatotoxicity in two of 22 (9%) patients occurred more frequent than is predicted in the literature. patients treated with flutamide, having symptomatic or asymptomatic liver enzyme elevations, should be taken off therapy as soon as possible. ( info)

17/1939. Progressive prostate cancer associated with use of megestrol acetate administered for control of hot flashes.

    Low doses of megestrol acetate are frequently used for treatment of hot flashes in men having androgen ablation for prostate cancer. We report a case in which megestrol acetate (20 mg bid) was administered for symptomatic control of hot flashes in a medically castrated patient with prostate cancer. The patient was subsequently noted to have a rising prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level. megestrol acetate administration was discontinued, and the PSA level declined. These data indicate that even the low doses of megestrol acetate used for control of hot flashes can be associated with PSA increases in some patients with prostate cancer. ( info)

18/1939. Surgical excision of a metastatic adrenal lesion in a patient with prostatic cancer.

    BACKGROUND: A 64-year-old Japanese man with stage D2 prostatic cancer, after having responded dramatically to androgen ablation, demonstrated a solitary adrenal metastasis without disease progression to any other site. methods: A surgical excision of the lesion and adjuvant systemic chemotherapy was performed. RESULTS/CONCLUSIONS: The patient has since remained alive without any evidence of recurrence 21 months after surgery. ( info)

19/1939. A case of prostatic cancer metastasizing to the orbit.

    PURPOSE: We report on a case of prostatic cancer with multiple bone metastases, including right orbital involvement. methods/RESULTS: Hormonal treatment and local irradiation to the right orbit were performed. Subjective symptoms with exophthalmos and pain disappeared. CONCLUSIONS: We report on a case of prostatic cancer metastasizing to the right orbital bone. ( info)

20/1939. Extragonadal germ cell tumor of the prostate associated with Klinefelter's syndrome.

    PURPOSE: We report on a case of extragonadal germ cell tumor of the prostate associated with Klinefelter's syndrome. methods/RESULTS: The patient was a 33-year-old man. A transrectal prostate biopsy suggested combined germ cell tumor (yolk sac tumor teratoma). Because there was no tumor except from the prostate, we considered this case to be a primary extragonadal germ cell tumor of the prostate. The prostate tumor responded to systemic chemotherapy with cisplatin, vinblastine and bleomycin and elevated lactate dehydrogenase and alpha-fetoprotein levels normalized. In addition to chemotherapy, the patient also underwent radiation therapy. CONCLUSION: The patient has survived for approximately 4 years since the diagnosis. ( info)
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