Cases reported "Pulmonary Fibrosis"

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1/874. Acute spontaneous pneumomediastinum in a child with Hodgkin's disease and pulmonary fibrosis.

    A case of acute spontaneous pneumomediastinum in a 13-year-old boy suffering from Hodgkin's disease and pulmonary fibrosis is reported. He was initially treated for pneumocystis carinii but his respiratory function progressively deteriorated, and fibrosis secondary to bleomycin was suspected. The day before the admission to the Pediatric intensive care Unit the patient complained of anterior thoracic pain, and a chest x-ray revealed a left-sided small spontaneous pneumothorax and pneumomediastinum. Although air leak responded initially to conservative treatment, acute tension pneumomediastinum with cardiopulmonary decompensation recurred 6 days later, while the patient was on mechanical ventilation. Treatment with urgent evacuation of the accumulated air via subxiphoid drainage, using an old but ill-defined technique, resulted in complete resolution of pneumomediastinum and significant improvement of the hemodynamic condition. ( info)

2/874. Drug-induced lung disease.

    Since there are no diagnostic studies to confirm the presence of a drug-induced lung reaction the physician will make a correct diagnosis only if he is aware of the drugs which have been identified to cause pulmonary reactions and their specific manifestations. Failure to recognize a drug-induced lung disease can lead to significant morbidity and in some cases mortality. The major drug-induced lung diseases are reviewed, the drugs being presented in the context of their clinical use and the reactions on the basis of common pathogenetic mechanisms. ( info)

3/874. Post-traumatic anterior pituitary insufficiency developed in a patient with partial lipodystrophy.

    A case of partial lipodystrophy developing anterior pituitary insufficiency, chronic glomerulonephritis and pulmonary fibrosis was reported. The patient died of respiratory failure secondary to pituitary crisis during the hospital course. From the clinical course in recent several years and the postmortem examination the head injury following car accident in the past history was considered to be the most plausible cause of hypopituitarism. The etiology of pulmonary fibrosis remained unresolved. ( info)

4/874. hepatopulmonary syndrome associated with cardiorespiratory disease.

    BACKGROUND/AIMS: hepatopulmonary syndrome is defined as a clinical triad including chronic liver disease, abnormal pulmonary gas exchange resulting ultimately in profound arterial hypoxaemia, and evidence of intrapulmonary vascular dilatations. We report five patients with liver cirrhosis diagnosed with hepatopulmonary syndrome who had associated chronic obstructive or restrictive respiratory diseases. methods: Clinical, radiographic and constrast-enhanced echocardiographic findings, and systemic and pulmonary haemodynamic and gas exchange, including ventilation-perfusion distributions, measurements were assessed in all five patients. RESULTS: echocardiography was consistent with the presence of intrapulmonary vasodilation without intracardiac abnormalities, and high resolution computed tomographic scan features were compatible with clinical (3 cases) or histopathological diagnoses (2 cases) of associated respiratory disorders. The most common prominent functional findings were moderate to severe arterial hypoxaemia, caused by moderately to severely increased intrapulmonary shunting and/or mild to moderate low ventilation-perfusion areas, and hypocarbia along with an increased cardiac output and a low pulmonary artery pressure and vascular resistance. CONCLUSIONS: These functional characteristics, classically reported in the setting of clinically stable, uncomplicated hepatopulmonary syndrome, conform to a distinctively unique, chronic gas exchange pattern. Equally important, these pulmonary haemodynamic-gas exchange hallmarks are not influenced by the co-existence of chronic cardiorespiratory disease states. These data may have clinical relevance for elective indication of hepatic transplantation in patients with life-threatening hepatopulmonary syndrome. ( info)

5/874. Unilateral metachronous lung cancers in a patient with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

    The incidence of lung cancer in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is much higher than that in general population. We report on a case of large cell carcinoma in association with the additional occurrence, seven months later, of an adenocarcinoma of the lung. Surgical treatment was performed for each cancer, however, the outcome was poor. The association between the two disorders is discussed. ( info)

6/874. Fibrosing alveolitis predating microscopic polyangiitis.

    A 65 year old male was diagnosed with "cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis (CFA)" and treated successfully with prednisone. In the year following prednisone-tapering he presented with livedo reticularis, segmental pauci-immune glomerulonephritis and necrotizing vasculitis of the peripheral nerves, increased pulmonary fibrosis, and the presence of p-ANCA antibodies. Aggressive immunosuppressive treatment of this microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) was successful and also resulted in stabilization of the pulmonary fibrosis. This case illustrates that MPA may present itself monosymptomatic as CFA. ( info)

7/874. lung transplantation in a Jehovah's Witness.

    patients of the Jehovah's Witness faith generally do not accept transfusions of blood or blood products but some will accept cadaveric organs for transplantation. We report a left single lung transplantation in a 48-year-old Hispanic female with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and secondary pulmonary hypertension. We believe this is the first reported case of lung transplantation in a Jehovah's Witness. ( info)

8/874. Finger pad tophi.

    hyperuricemia and gout are known to occur in patients receiving diuretic therapy. More recently recognized, however, is the occurrence of tophaceous gout in patients treated with cyclosporine. We report a 57-year-old man with normal renal function who was started on cyclosporine immediately after undergoing bilateral lung transplantation. Six months later, he developed progressive renal insufficiency and hypertension. In the following four months (10 months after starting his immunosuppressant medication), he presented with a symmetrical distribution of tophi on his finger pads. Seven previous cases of finger pad tophi have been reported and are reviewed. ( info)

9/874. Clinical, pathological and mineralogical features in two autopsy cases of workers exposed to agalmatolite dust.

    An agalmatolite miner and processor showed large shadows at the bilateral hila accompanied by surrounding emphysematous changes and irregular shadows on chest X-ray films. Chest CT scans were characterized by a mixture of tiny irregular structures and small round opacities. Histopathological examination revealed massive fibrosis, which corresponded to large shadows, but only a small number of typical silicotic nodules, indicating mixed dust pneumoconiosis. Mineralogical examination of the autopsy lungs showed quartz, pyrophyllite, mica, and kaolinite. quartz accounted for 70% of the amount of all mineral dust in both patients, but pyrophyllite accounted for 10.8% and 14.4%. The pulmonary mineral dust composition in the two patients was well consistent with the mineral composition of the raw clays in the agalmatolite mine. In the two patients, chest X-ray findings and histopathological findings of the lungs also suggested agalmatolite pneumoconiosis, which was confirmed by mineral analysis of the lungs. ( info)

10/874. Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome with colitis and pulmonary fibrosis.

    Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS) is a rare autosomal recessively inherited disease with oculocutaneous albinism, hemorrhagic diathesis, and multisystemic deposition of ceroid lipofuscin. We report a case with all symptoms characteristic of HPS. The patient was a mentally retarded albino with mild bleeding diathesis, and her course was complicated by granulomatous colitis refractory to medical treatment and progressive, fatal pulmonary fibrosis. ( info)
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