Cases reported "pyelonephritis"

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1/451. Bilateral emphysematous pyelonephritis caused by candida infection.

    Emphysematous pyelonephritis is a rare, often severe infection of one or both kidneys that is most often caused by bacterial infection. Surgical intervention is often necessary. We describe a case of a diabetic patient with bilateral emphysematous pyelonephritis caused by candida infection that was treated conservatively. Renal function recovered almost completely in spite of giving a potential nephrotoxic drug for 6 weeks. ( info)

2/451. Elemental mercury in the appendix: an unusual complication of a Mexican-American folk remedy.

    BACKGROUND: Ingestion of small amounts of elemental mercury is generally thought to be harmless. However, in 4 previously reported cases, ingested mercury became sequestered in the appendix, causing appendicitis in one. We present a case in which elemental mercury was administered as a Mexican-American folk remedy for abdominal pain and became sequestered in the appendix. CASE REPORT: A 10-year-old Hispanic male presented with 3 days of right-sided abdominal pain, diarrhea, fever, and malaise. On admission, his temperature was 41.5 degrees C and he had right abdominal tenderness. urinalysis showed 3 WBCs, 9 RBCs, occasional bacteria, and 1 protein. An abdominal CT scan suggested right focal pyelonephritis, but also showed multiple intraabdominal metallic densities. On further questioning, the family admitted giving him elemental mercury as a remedy for "empacho." He was treated with intravenous ampicillin/sulbactam and gentamicin for a focal pyelonephritis. Because of mercury remaining in the gastrointestinal tract, activated charcoal and sorbitol were given. By hospital day 3, mercury filled the appendix as shown by abdominal radiograph. He was placed in the left lateral decubitus position overnight, and by the next morning, the mercury partially emptied from the appendix. By hospital day 8, his symptoms had resolved and mercury was no longer seen in the appendix. There were only minimal increases in urine mercury levels (18 mg/L). At 5-month follow-up, he has remained asymptomatic. ( info)

3/451. The Ask-Upmark kidney: a form of ascending pyelonephritis?

    The case is presented of a young girl with recurrent urinary tract infection and vesico-ureteric reflux who developed a small scarred kidney and subsequently, hypertension. Pathologically, the renal changes were compatible with those of an Ask-Upmark kidney. The pathogenesis of the Ask-Upmark kidney is discussed. It is postulated that the lesion is not necessarily of congenital origin but may well be related to infection and intrarenal reflux, it is concluded that long-term follow-up of a young patient with a scarred kidney is indicated. ( info)

4/451. Bilateral ureteric replacement with ileum.

    In connection with a report of a case, authors discuss in outline the possibilities of ureter replacement. If both the ureters are injured, they can be substituted with one single segment of the intestine, as it happened in their case. Authors raise the idea that a longer segment of the intestine used for substitution provides sufficient capacity and isoperistaltic function, and this may protect from the negative effects of possible vesicoileal reflux. In this case, the reflux does not spread to the kidneys even if the ureteroileal was not made with anti-reflux technique. ( info)

5/451. Ultrasonic characteristics of chronic atrophic pyelonephritis.

    Six cases of chronic atrophic pyelonephritis were studied with gray scale ultrasound. The findings are analogous to those seen pathologically, namely a focal or multifocal process with loss of renal parenchyma, retraction of one or more calyces, decrease in renal size, and increased echoes from fibrosis. In the proper clinical setting, the diagnosis of chronic atrophic pyelonephritis can be made using ultrasound technique. ( info)

6/451. Multiple renal aspergillus abscesses in an AIDS patient: contrast-enhanced helical CT and MRI findings.

    renal insufficiency or allergic reactions for X-ray contrast agents are frequent limitations in immunocompromised hosts such as neutropenic or AIDS patients. Due to a better tolerance of contrast agents in MRI, this technique is well suited for investigation of parenchymal organs. We demonstrate an allergic AIDS patient who presented with fever and flank pain. At sonography, anechoic renal lesions were supposed to be non-complicated cysts; however, on T2-weighted MRI, the center was of high signal. Dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI of the kidneys demonstrated an enhancing rim with ill-defined margins. The lesions were supposed to be multiple bilateral abscesses. Due to the multiple dynamic contrast series, a delayed enhancement of renal parenchyma was detectable adjacent to the lesion. This was suggested as accompanying local pyelonephritis and an infectious etiology became more reliable. aspergillus fumigatus was identified by CT-guided biopsy as the underlying microorganism. The MR appearance of this manifestation has not been described previously. ( info)

7/451. Ultrasonic demonstration of xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis.

    An ultrasound examination performed on a young woman with a long history of urinary tract infection demonstrated multiple subcapsular sonolucencies suggestive of multiple abscesses. The combination of the ultrasonic appearance, the clinical history, and a large nonfunctioning kidney with calculi on intravenous pyelography allowed us to suggest the diagnosis of xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis. Ultrasound plays an even greater role in patients who are allergic to iodinated contrast material in whom intravenous pyelograms and arteriograms may be contraindicated. ( info)

8/451. Vesicoureteral reflux in a boy presenting with difficulty in walking.

    BACKGROUND: We report an uncommon case who presented himself at our hospital with main complaints of high fever and difficulty in walking due to pain on extension of his right lower extremity. methods: He was diagnosed, through investigation of his urinary tract, as having secondary psoas pyomyositis spread from acute pyelonephritis caused by vesicoureteral reflux. RESULTS: He was successfully managed firstly by antibiotic therapy, followed by the correction of reflux by ureteroneovesicostomy. ( info)

9/451. peliosis hepatis with initial presentation as acute hepatic failure and intraperitoneal hemorrhage in children.

    peliosis hepatis, a condition characterized by the presence of blood-filled lacunar spaces in the liver, usually has a chronic presentation pattern and is mainly reported in adult patients in association with chronic wasting disorders and after administration of various drugs. The present report concerns two previously healthy young children in whom peliosis hepatis initially presented as acute hepatic failure and who had escherichia coli pyelonephritis. Both patients had active intraperitoneal hemorrhage from the peliotic liver lesions, and liver ultrasonography showed multiple hypoechoic areas of different sizes, which in this context should suggest the diagnosis. One child died from hypovolemic shock and the other recovered. This study indicates that acute peliosis hepatis can be a serious life-threatening disease in children. ( info)

10/451. Emphysematous pyelonephritis: case report and review of the literature.

    Emphysematous pyelonephritis (EP), a rare necrotizing infection of the upper urinary tract, is a life-threatening complication of patients with diabetes mellitus. A case of EP is described where the diagnosis was delayed for 36 h and the patient died notwithstanding aggressive medical and surgical intervention. The demonstration of gas in the renal structures is pathognomonic of EP. Because early diagnosis and aggressive medical and surgical management is imperative for recovery, we recommend plain abdominal radiographs as a minimal screening tool for all diabetic patients who present to hospital with a presumptive pyelonephritis. The diagnosis should also be considered in patients who failed appropriate medical therapy. ( info)
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