Cases reported "Rat-Bite Fever"

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1/29. Septic arthritis of the hip secondary to rat bite fever: a case report.

    Rat bite fever is a rare infection typically caused by streptobacillus moniliformis. The mode of transmission is most commonly through a bite or scratch from an infected rat. This disease is characterized by polyarthritis, fever, and a delayed onset erythematous maculopapular rash of the extremities. The authors report a case of rat bite fever, which led to septic arthritis of the hip. To the authors' knowledge, the complication of hip sepsis requiring an arthrotomy has not been reported in the literature. The orthopaedist should be aware of not only streptobacillus moniliformis, but also of other zoonotic organisms, which potentially can cause septic arthritis and warrant treatment with specific antibiotics. ( info)

2/29. streptobacillus moniliformis endocarditis in an hiv-positive patient.

    streptobacillus moniliformis is the causative agent of rat bite fever, with endocarditis being a rare but well-documented complication. We report the case of an hiv-positive man who acquired S. moniliformis endocarditis through a rat bite. No predisposing cardiac lesion was known. He was treated with ceftriaxone 2 g/day i.v. for 3 weeks, gentamicin 120 mg/day i.v. for 2 weeks and penicillin 24x10(6) units/day for 1 week. At the end of the antibiotic therapy he suffered a generalized candida albicans infection, which was treated with fluconazole for 1 week. He was subsequently discharged in a satisfactory condition. ( info)

3/29. Streptobacillary rat-bite fever: a pediatric problem.

    A case of streptobacillary rat-bite fever in an 11-year-old boy from rural North Carolina is described. The child's clinical course was unique in that he developed a subglottic mass and bilateral parotid swelling. He responded initially to tetracycline but relapsed after therapy. Cure was ultimately achieved with a three-week course of penicillin. A review of the literature concerning this unusual clinical entity is presented. ( info)

4/29. A rare and serious consequence of a rat bite.

    Contact with rat saliva or faeces can lead to infection with streptobacillus moniliformis and the condition known as 'rat bite fever'. We report a case of septic arthritis of the hip due to this organism following a bite on the finger of a 14-year-old boy from a rat for sale in a pet shop. The case was successfully treated by arthrotomy, drainage and joint lavage followed by administration of penicillin. Septic arthritis of the hip due to S. moniliformis has not been previously described and this case highlights a possible danger of keeping rats as pets. ( info)

5/29. Broad range polymerase chain reaction for diagnosis of rat-bite fever caused by streptobacillus moniliformis.

    An 11-year-old boy presented with fever, vomiting, rash, limping and blisters on his feet after a finger bite by his domestic rat. Although cultures from blood, cerebrospinal fluid and urine remained negative, broad range polymerase chain reaction amplification of a part of the 16S rRNA gene followed by sequencing allowed the detection and identification of streptobacillus moniliformis in blister fluid, thus confirming the suspected clinical diagnosis of rat-bite fever. ( info)

6/29. rat-bite fever in children: case report and review.

    We report 2 cases of rat-bite fever (RBF), a multisystem zoonosis, in children and review the literature. RBF is caused by I of 2 Gram-negative organisms: streptobacillus moniliformis or, less commonly, spirillum minus. Both of our cases developed in school-aged girls with a history of rat exposure who presented with a multisystem illness consisting of fever, petechial and purpuric rash, arthralgia and polyarthritis. Both responded promptly to antibiotic treatment. An additional 10 cases from a medline review (1960-2000) are reviewed. RBF must be included in the differential diagnosis of febrile patients with rashes and a history of exposure to rats. ( info)

7/29. Rat bite fever: a case report of a Kenyan.

    Rat bite fever has not been reported from kenya previously. A case of 17 year old Kenyan male who was diagnosed to have rat bite fever after a bite of domestic rat is described. The history, clinical features and demonstration of spirillum like organisms from a thick blood film suggest infection due to spirillum minus. The patient recovered completely after a course of penicillin and gentamicin. ( info)

8/29. Rat bite fever without fever.

    Rat bite fever is a rarely reported acute febrile bacterial illness caused by streptobacillus moniliformis or spirillum minus following a rat bite. It is classically characterised by abrupt onset of fever with rigors, myalgias, headache, and the appearance of a generalised maculopapular petechial skin rash. Polyarthritis complicates the course of the disease in up to 50% of infected patients, and numerous hurdles can make the diagnosis particularly difficult in the absence of fever or rash, as in the present case. A high degree of awareness is necessary to make the correct diagnosis in such cases. diagnosis has important prognostic implications as the disease is potentially lethal, but easily treatable. ( info)

9/29. Rat bite fever in a Greek child.

    Rat bite fever was diagnosed in a 10-year-old boy in a rural area of south-west greece. The clinical presentation was typical for this disease and the relevant causative agent (streptobacillus moniliformis) was isolated from blood cultures of the febrile patient. erythromycin treatment was efficient. Although extremely rare in continental europe, this infection must be taken into account as a potential hazard of a rat bite. ( info)

10/29. Rat bite fever (streptobacillus moniliformis) with septicemia in a child.

    A 5-year-old girl was admitted to hospital with fever, headache and nausea. Her c-reactive protein raised from less than 11 mg/l to 65 mg/l and she developed a maculopapular, petechial rash, especially pronounced on the soles and palms. After incubation for 3 days, streptobacillus moniliformis was found in all blood cultures that had been taken. Some weeks before her admission, the girl had been playing with her grandmother's pet rats, which later had died from an unknown disease. There was no history of rat bite. Her condition improved rapidly after treatment with penicillin and chloramphenicol, and she was discharged from hospital after 10 days without sequelae. ( info)
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