Cases reported "Retinal Artery Occlusion"

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1/303. bartonella henselae infection associated with peripapillary angioma, branch retinal artery occlusion, and severe vision loss.

    PURPOSE: To report atypical clinical features of bartonella henselae neuroretinitis treated with combination antibiotics. METHOD: Case report. RESULTS: A 20-year-old man with a positive B. henselae titer developed a unilateral neuroretinitis, a large peripapillary angiomatous lesion, branch artery occlusion with ischemic maculopathy, and vision loss that failed to improve with clindamycin. Treatment with doxycycline and rifampin led to rapid clinical improvement. The severe vision loss in this case is atypical. CONCLUSIONS: Ocular findings associated with B. henselae infection may include retinal angiomatous lesion and branch retinal artery occlusion. doxycycline and rifampin were successful in treating the infection. ( info)

2/303. Combined central retinal artery and central retinal vein occlusion following pars plana vitrectomy.

    Combined occlusion of the central retinal artery and central retinal vein is an infrequently encountered clinical entity. Although there are reports in the literature of a combined occlusion of the central retinal artery and vein, its occurrence following pars plana vitrectomy has not been described. We report the case of an elderly patient who developed this unusual occurrence following an uneventful pars plana vitrectomy for a posteriorly dislocated IOL. ( info)

3/303. Superselective intraarterial fibrinolysis in central retinal artery occlusion.

    Intraarterial fibrinolysis was performed in three patients with acute central retinal artery occlusion using recombinant tissue plasminogen activator as a fibrinolytic agent. In two cases the ophthalmic artery was selectively catheterized, and in the other a thrombolytic drug was infused into the ophthalmic artery by way of the meningeal collaterals. All patients experienced visual improvement. fibrinolysis can produce better results than obtained from conservative treatment. A good prognosis can be achieved if the treatment starts within the first 4 to 5 hours after occlusion. ( info)

4/303. Branch retinal artery occlusion in systemic diseases: a case report.

    Although branch retinal artery occlusion (BRAO) is a relatively benign disease in terms of permanent visual impairment, the associated systemic diseases confer significant morbidity and mortality. The following systemic disorders can be found among patients presenting with a retinal artery occlusion: hypertension (59%), significant atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (21%), diabetes mellitus (15% to 21%), left-sided valvular heart disease (5%), and cerebrovascular accidents (5%). These underlying systemic diseases are often responsible for a significant reduction in life expectancy and are in many cases potentially treatable conditions. A thorough cardiovascular examination (including a carotid duplex ultrasonography) may identify these occult diseases, and a prompt and effective treatment may improve the quantity and quality of patients' lives by reducing the risk of further arterial occlusive events. ( info)

5/303. Partial retinal artery occlusion after coil embolization of an intracerebral aneurysm.

    Occlusion of the retinal artery is a rare complication after therapeutic embolization. We present a case of a partial retinal artery obstruction following coil embolization of an intracerebral aneurysm. To our knowledge, only six cases of acute occlusion of the choroidal and/or retinal arteries after therapeutic embolization have been reported so far. The case presented here, however, is the first in which platinum microcoils were the material used. In addition the retinal ischemia was reversible, visual acuity returning to normal and cutten-wool spot and retinal hemorrhages resolving spontaneously. ( info)

6/303. Combined central retinal artery and vein occlusion in a child with systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

    PURPOSE: To report on a case of systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and unilateral combined central retinal artery and vein occlusion. METHOD: We examined a 14-year-old boy who experienced a sudden unilateral visual loss five months after the initial diagnosis of systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. RESULT: Visual loss was due to combined central retinal artery and vein occlusion in association with tumoral optic nerve involvement. CONCLUSION: Although very rare systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma may present with central retinal artery and vein occlusion prior to overt central nervous system involvement. ( info)

7/303. Asymptomatic unilateral microembolic retinopathy secondary to percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty.

    BACKGROUND: Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) for the treatment of coronary artery disease has increased in frequency as technological advances have made the procedure more effective and cost-efficient. In spite of the number of procedures that have been performed, ocular complications have rarely been reported. CASE REPORT: A case of asymptomatic unilateral microembolic retinopathy one month after PTCA is presented. Embolic events to the retinal circulation and their relationship to invasive cardiac procedures is discussed. CONCLUSIONS: The embolic ocular complications of PTCA is probably underestimated due to the lack of symptoms from the partial occlusion of the larger retinal arteries and the total occlusion of the remote smaller vessels. ( info)

8/303. Cilioretinal artery occlusion with central retinal vein occlusion.

    BACKGROUND: Combined cilioretinal artery and retinal vein occlusions are infrequently documented retinal vascular disorders of speculative origin. Occlusion of the cilioretinal artery is believed to result from either mechanical compression of the artery as a result of an increase in venous pressure or from a reduction in perfusion pressure in both the cilioretinal and retinal arteries. The ophthalmoscopic and angiographic features of this condition are reviewed. case reports: Two cases of cilioretinal artery occlusion after central retinal vein occlusion are presented, one of which evolved to the development of iris neovascularization. DISCUSSION: The incidence of cilioretinal artery occlusions due to central retinal vein occlusions is infrequently reported in the literature. Excluding those with chronic cystoid macular edema, most patients have a favorable visual outcome. It is possible that the incidence of combined cilioretinal artery and central retinal vein occlusions is grossly underestimated. ( info)

9/303. A fluorescein angiographic study of branch retinal artery occlusion (BRAO) - the retrograde filling of occluded vessels.

    BACKGROUND: For assessing the prognosis of a branch retinal artery occlusion (BRAO), examination of the arterial blood flow by fluorescein angiography is necessary. patients AND methods: In seven patients (mean age: 68.1, youngest 61, oldest 76 years old), with BRAO of varying involvement and extent, the disturbed retinal blood flow was demonstrated by this method. All the patients were subjected to Doppler sonography of the carotid arteries and all had a general medical examination. RESULTS: The most impressive sign was the retrograde filling of the retinal arterial and/or venous branches from the adjacent retinal vessels and capillaries. In four patients the visual acuity was better after the disappearance of the retinal edema. In one patient the visual field defect slightly decreased at follow-up. This means that not every patient with retrograde filling of dye in BRAO has a bad prognosis in terms of visual function. The extent and duration of the retrograde filling with dye and the arterial or venous passage varied from patient to patient. There was also delayed filling with an increased period of retention in an artery (which is an adverse sign in BRAO), and retrograde filling of the corresponding vein. This latter came from small adjacent veins, but the retrograde filling of an artery came from capillaries or from very small adjacent arterioles. All the patients showed signs of general systemic disease, such as occlusion or the presence of plaques in the carotid artery, absolute arrhythmia, arterial hypertension, patent foramen ovale, diabetes mellitus, hyperuricemia, factor v mutation, homocysteinemia or coronary heart disease. CONCLUSION: Retrograde filling of the retinal arterial and/or venous branches means a kind of spontaneous healing compared to a condition with complete permanent obstruction of circulation. It is recommended that fluorescein angiography should be carried out for all patients with BRAO, in order to estimate the prognosis of the vascular occlusion. This is the first published record of consecutive pictures showing the retrograde filling of retinal arteries and/or veins with BRAO. In every patient with a BRAO an extensive medical and neurological examination (including echocardiography and Doppler sonography of the carotid arteries) is essential before planning the treatment. ( info)

10/303. Microangiopathy of the inner ear, retina, and brain (susac syndrome): report of a case.

    Microangiopathy of the inner ear, retina, and brain was first described in 1979 by John O. Susac. Since then, approximately 60 cases have been reported. Otolaryngologists must be aware of this syndrome, in which cochleovestibular symptoms are an important part of the diagnosis. In this article, we report a new case of susac syndrome and discuss the diagnosis, physiopathologic characteristics, and treatment of this disease. ( info)
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