Cases reported "rhinosporidiosis"

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1/65. rhinosporidiosis presenting with two soft tissue tumors followed by dissemination.

    rhinosporidiosis is caused by rhinosporidium seeberi. Most mycologists believe that R. seeberi is either a Chytridium related to the Olpidiaceae (order Chytridialis, class Chytridiomycetes) or a Synchytrium. This is the first documented case of tumoral rhinosporidiosis in a Sri Lankan and the third documented case in the world literature. A 44 year old male presented with a large mass above the thigh and a similar mass over the anterior chest wall, both masses contained R. seeberi. Later examination of the patient revealed nasal polyps, confirming that the tumors were due to systemic spread of this infection. ( info)

2/65. Conjunctival rhinosporidiosis associated with scleral melting and staphyloma formation: diagnosis and management.

    PURPOSE: Although conjunctival rhinosporidiosis is endemic in india, associated scleral melting and staphyloma formation are quite rare. We report clinical features and management in three patients with this unusual presentation. methods: Retrospective review of case records of three patients with conjunctival rhinosporidiosis. RESULTS: infection occurred in young, healthy adults and was localized to the forniceal conjunctiva in all patients. The affected conjunctiva had numerous grey-white spherules, but a polyp-like lesion was not present in any patient. diagnosis was based on clinical features and examination of scrapings from the involved conjunctiva. Treatment was surgical, with excision of infected conjunctival tissues and staphyloma repair with homologous sclera or autogenous periosteum. Failure to recognize the conjunctival pathology in one patient resulted in recurrence of the staphyloma. CONCLUSION: Conjunctival rhinosporidiosis can be associated with scleral staphyloma in young, healthy, adults. Differentiating this entity from idiopathic scleral ectasia requires knowledge of the clinical features of conjunctival rhinosporidiosis and a high index of clinical suspicion. ( info)

3/65. rhinosporidiosis and peripheral keratitis.

    Report of a case of peripheral keratitis caused by rhinosporidium seeberi. The patient was seen in a referral practice. Corneal scraping was performed on a middle-aged female patient presenting with peripheral keratitis and progressive nasal obstruction that revealed spores suggestive of rhinosporidiosis. The patient was started on topical amphotericin b 0.15% eye drops. ear, nose, and throat (ENT) examination showed presence of a polypoid lesion in the left nostril for which a polypectomy was performed. Histopathological examination confirmed rhinosporidiosis. Complete resolution of the keratitis was observed. Topical amphotericin b is an effective drug in the management of this condition. keratitis secondary to rhinosporidial infection has not been described although occasional patients with limbal and scleral involvement have been reported. Corneal scraping was effective in helping us make a tentative diagnosis. ( info)

4/65. rhinosporidiosis of the parotid duct cyst: cytomorphological diagnosis of an unusual extranasal presentation.

    This cytology report highlights a case of rhinosporidiosis of the parotid duct cyst not associated with nasal manifestations. In an endemic area, one should be familiar with its morphologic features in fine-needle aspiration cytology even on scanty material, for it could be one of the investigations in the initial workup of a case. ( info)

5/65. Oculosporidiosis in eastern nepal: a report of five cases.

    rhinosporidiosis is endemic in india, sri lanka, and parts of East africa and south america; sporadic cases are reported in other countries. We report on five patients from eastern nepal with oculosporidiosis. The conjunctiva was involved in two patients and the lacrimal sac was involved in three patients; treatment was by simple total excision of the conjunctivalgrowth (patients with conjunctival involvement) and by dacryocystectomy (patients with lacrimal sac involvement). This is the second case report from nepal. ( info)

6/65. Lid rhinosporidiosis - simulating a tumor.

    A case of rhinosporidiosis is described with extensive primary involvement of the lids, bulbar and palpebral conjunctiva. ( info)

7/65. rhinosporidiosis.

    A case of nasal rhinosporidiosis occurred in a 73-year-old man who has lived all his life in the united states. The lesion was treated surgically, and he remains free of disease four years later. ( info)

8/65. rhinosporidiosis presenting as recurrent nasal polyps.

    rhinosporidiosis is a chronic granulomatous disease of the mucous membrane, predominantly of the nose and nasopharynx. It is uncommon in malaysia but has been seen in immigrant workers from endemic areas like india and sri lanka. A case seen in Johor is reported here to highlight the need of awareness among clinicians at a time where there is increasing numbers of immigrant workers in our country. The causative organism of this disease is rhinosporidium seeberi, which is found in stagnant waters. sporangia and endospores of R. seeberi are seen in the granulomatous polypoidal lesions. The patients commonly present with epistaxis and nasal blockage. Complete excision is the treatment of choice for this disease. Recurrences are common despite anti-microbial treatment. ( info)

9/65. Ciliary staphyloma: very rare sequelae of conjunctival rhinosporiodosis.

    The main ocular manifestation of rhinosporiosis is lid or conjunctival infection. Conjunctival rhinosporiodosis is very rately causing sclera necrosis. A patient named Shumi (8 years), D/O.- Rukan Uddin of Rupchandrapur, Atpara, Netrokona admitted on 09/03/2003 in the department of Ophtalmology, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital with complains of mass in right eye looks externally like a growth in upper lid and mild dimness of vision of right eye. On examination, it was found that she got VAR : 6/24 and having a shaphyloma near 12-00 O'clock position with a mass adjacent to it which was identified as rhinosporiodosis after excisional biopsy. No history of ocular trauma or any other ocular disease was found. ( info)

10/65. rhinosporidiosis mimicking penile malignancy.

    rhinosporidiosis is a chronic infection which is endemic in india and sri lanka. Penile involvement in rhinosporidiosis is rare and we report one such case. The pathology, treatment and possible etiology of the condition are reviewed. ( info)
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