Cases reported "salivary gland neoplasms"

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1/615. Sialoblastoma: clinicopathological/immunohistochemical study.

    Sialoblastoma is an extremely rare salivary tumor diagnosed at birth or shortly thereafter with significant variability in histologic range and clinical course, so that for an individual case it may be difficult to predict the most appropriate therapy. We detail the case of a toddler noted to have a firm 1-2-cm mass in the left cheek at 21 months. Parotidectomy was performed at 26 months, revealing a sialoblastoma; the resection margins were positive. During the next 10 months, the mass recurred or persisted, necessitating numerous procedures. The tumor was composed of basaloid cells with fine chromatin and other more mature cuboidal epithelial cells. Ductules and solid organoid nests with some tendency toward peripheral pallisading were also noted. There was no perineural invasion; necrosis initially was sparse but increased over time. The mitotic rate also increased from 6 to 7/10 high-power fields in the first resection to 20/10 high-power fields in the last resection. Nuclear pleomorphism increased with time. The MiB1 proliferative index revealed a dramatic increase in the number of labeled nuclei: from 3 cells/10 high-power fields in the first specimen to 94 cells/10 high-power fields for the last specimen. Cytokeratin accentuated the ductal structures. S-100 showed a diffuse staining pattern, with darker staining of the spindled myoepithelial cells. The Her-2-neu protein showed moderate cytoplasmic staining, whereas the p53 showed only occasional labeling of nuclei. This is the first case of sialoblastoma with evidence of increasing anaplasia based on increasing proliferative capacity. Therefore, the distinction between benign and malignant sialoblastomas may not be as well defined as previously thought. The patient's prognosis is likely to be determined by the tumor grade as well as the stage at presentation and the extent of resection. ( info)

2/615. Fine-needle aspiration cytology of polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma of the tongue.

    The cytologic features derived from a fine-needle aspiration of polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma (PLGA) of the base of the tongue are described. The tumor cells were composed of cuboidal epithelial cells and short, spindle-shaped myoepithelial-like cells, and they formed large cell clusters. In the central portion of the clusters, myxoid materials were present, and palisading tumor cells occasionally surrounded them. Histological examination revealed solid proliferation of the epithelial cuboidal and spindle cells. The former frequently formed tubular and papillary structures. The tumor was not encapsulated, and invasion of adjacent muscle tissue was noted. Although the cytologic differentiation from cellular variants of pleomorphic adenoma and myoepithelioma is difficult, the feature of palisading tumor cells may be useful in the differential diagnosis. ( info)

3/615. family with low-grade neuroendocrine carcinoma of salivary glands, severe sensorineural hearing loss, and enamel hypoplasia.

    Four sibs in a family on the Isle of Man, two brothers and two sisters ranging in age from 33 to 45 years, presented with low-grade malignant tumors of the submandibular gland in three cases and of the nasal cavities and maxillary sinuses in one. The neoplasms were all of the same histological type, apparently hitherto undescribed, showing well-differentiated neoplastic ducts, surrounded by neoplastic myoepithelial cells, together with sheets of epithelial cells expressing neuroendocrine markers by immunohistochemistry. Cervical neck node metastases have developed in all four cases. In the sib with a primary sinonasal neoplasm, widespread bloodstream metastases also became manifest and a single such metastasis in his brother. All four sibs have severe enamel hypoplasia and the same lesion is present in 5 of their 11 children. In the two male patients, severe sensorineural hearing loss has developed in adult life, unilateral in the left ear in one brother, bilateral in the other. In the brother with bilateral sensorineural hearing loss, magnetic resonance imaging revealed a vestibular schwannoma on the left side, which is currently under treatment. The inherited hearing loss is thought to be unilateral in this case also. ( info)

4/615. The place of irradiation in the treatment of malignant tumors of the salivary glands.

    1. radiation therapy is not indicated after surgical removal with adequate margins of low-grade tumor. 2. radiation therapy is indicated with a) Inadequate surgical margins in low-grade tumors b) All high-grade tumors c) All recurrent malignant tumors 3. Irradiation of nerve pathways is indicated with demonstrated nerve and perineural invasion and/or with adenoicystic carcinoma. 4. Irradiation of the entire ipsilateral neck is indicated a) Wtih high-grade tumors unless radical neck dissection shows negative nodes b) In the place of radical neck dissection. ( info)

5/615. Unusual presentation of a salivary pleomorphic adenoma: a case report and review of the literature.

    Although pleomorphic adenomas are the most common neoplasms of salivary gland origin, our knowledge of the etiology, growth, and recurrence patterns, and significance of the varying histologic features of these tumors, remains limited. We present the case of a 66-year-old man with an unusual presentation of a pleomorphic adenoma, and review the important clinical and pathologic features of this entity. ( info)

6/615. Malignant myoepithelioma of the salivary glands: clinicopathological and immunohistochemical features.

    Malignant myoepitheliomas (myoepithelial carcinomas) are uncommon, and we know of only 29 reported cases. We present a new case together with its clinical, histological, and immunohistochemical features. The tumour was located in the inferior vestibular sulcus of a 64-year-old woman. She was treated by wide local resection. Malignant myoepitheliomas are distinguished from benign myoepithelial neoplasms by their infiltrating and destructive growth. The tumour cells may be spindle-shaped or more rounded (plasmacytoid cells) and contain cellular pleomorphism and mitotic activity. The clinical and biological behaviour of this tumour is not yet known and there is little information about treatment and prognosis. ( info)

7/615. Salivary duct carcinoma in the mandible: report of a case with immunohistochemical studies.

    Salivary duct carcinoma is rare. We describe a 56-year-old man who developed salivary duct carcinoma in the mandible 10 years after removal of the right second and third molars. The tumour originated in the retromolar gland or the ectopic minor salivary gland in the mandible. The panoramic radiograph showed a radiolucent, poorly circumscribed area about 40 x 30 mm in size and distal to the lower right first molar. This tooth, together with all neoplastic tissue, was removed, and histopathological examination showed it to be a salivary duct carcinoma in the mandible. On immunohistochemical staining, keratin antibodies stained the ductal structure, 1A4 antibody stained myoepithelial cells, but S-100 protein and vimentin were not seen. The patient was well and with no sign with recurrence 6 years postoperatively. ( info)

8/615. Epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma of the salivary gland--a low grade malignant neoplasm? Report of two cases and review of the literature.

    Epithelial-myoepithelial carcinomas (EMC) are rare neoplasms of the salivary gland with an incidence of less than 1% arising predominantly in the parotid gland. Although they are thought to be of low grade malignancy, fatal courses are described. We report a case of EMC of the parotid gland in a 58-year-old woman with an unfavorable course of this disease in long term follow-up. The malignant potential of this tumor is discussed. In addition, we include another case of EMC of the submandibular gland. ( info)

9/615. Primary pleomorphic adenoma of the external auditory canal diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: Pleomorphic adenoma (PA) arising in the external auditory canal (EAC) is a very rare neoplasm, thought to be derived from ceruminous glands. CASE: A 43-year-old male presented with a slowly growing mass in the right EAC. Clinical and radiologic examinations showed a well-circumscribed tumor limited to the EAC, without a connection to the parotid gland. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) revealed the typical cytologic findings of PA. The diagnosis was confirmed by histologic examination. CONCLUSION: This case illustrates that together with clinical and radiologic findings, primary PA of the EAC can confidently be diagnosed by FNAC. ( info)

10/615. US and CT findings of multicentric leiomyosarcomatosis.

    This article presents a case of leiomyosarcomatosis with widespread lesions involving the soft tissues and the most unlikely organs such as thyroid and salivary glands, pancreas, ligamentum teres, bladder wall, and bones without lymph node or distant metastasis. The CT and US findings of this rare phenomenon are discussed with regard to the literature. ( info)
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