Cases reported "Salmonella Infections"

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1/674. Bronchial-atrial fistula after lung transplant resulting in fatal air embolism.

    We describe a rare case of fatal air embolism in a patient in whom a left atrial-bronchial fistula developed 1 month after single lung transplant. The cause was a combination of mediastinal infection and bronchial necrosis. ( info)

2/674. brain abscess caused by salmonella enteritidis in an immunocompetent adult patient: successful treatment with cefotaxime and ciprofloxacin.

    A previously healthy 43-y-old man, who had spent 2 weeks in northern india, was admitted to hospital after a 2-day history of pyrexia, confusion and frontal headache. Cranial computerized tomography (CT) showed an abscess in the right parietal lobe. Spinal fluid and blood cultures gave growth of salmonella enteritidis within 24 h. Treatment with cefotaxime was initiated, but ceased after 3 weeks due to drug fever, and ciprofloxacin was then given orally for 4 months. After 6 months, the patient was considered cured. Cases of salmonella brain abscesses are reviewed. ( info)

3/674. Characteristics of septic arthritis in human immunodeficiency virus-infected haemophiliacs versus other risk groups.

    The cases are presented of four haemophiliacs infected with human immunodeficiency virus (hiv) and with septic arthritis among the 340 patients followed at our centre. The data of these cases and 39 additional hiv-infected haemophiliacs with septic arthritis, identified in a literature search, are reviewed. The spectrum of bacterial pathogens is limited and somewhat different from that in other risk groups. The localization is exclusively to joints affected by haemophilic arthropathy. The laboratory picture is characterized by the absence of peripheral leucocytosis, varying CD4-helper cell counts, a high erythrocyte sedimentation rate and fever. The clinical picture mimics that of haemarthrosis, often causing a delay in diagnosis. Treatment with systemic antibiotics is often sufficient, obviating the need for arthrotomy and open drainage. prognosis related to the joint function is relatively good, but poor when related to the medium- to long-term survival of the patient. ( info)

4/674. Salmonella mycotic aneurysms: traditional and "alternative" surgical repair with arterial homograft.

    Salmonella infection of the abdominal aorta with formation of mycotic aneurysm is rare, but associated with a high mortality and morbidity. Prompt surgical treatment and selective and prolonged antibiotic therapy are required because of its rapid and impredictable evolution in a short period of time, even if an infectivous etiology is only suspected. methods of revascularization can be different: the traditional two are in situ or extraanatomic bypass using synthetic graft. Both these solutions are subject to complications. An "alternative" method of revascularization with low risk of infection and good patency is the use of arterial homograft in situ. We report two cases of Salmonella mycotic aortic aneurysms successfully treated with revascularization respectively by extraanatomic bypass using synthetic graft and in situ arterial homograft. The reasons for our choice are also discussed. ( info)

5/674. typhoid fever due to Salmonella Kapemba infection in an otherwise healthy middle-aged man.

    We report the case of a patient with a Salmonella Kapemba infection, who suffered, 3 weeks after a holiday in israel, occurrences of high fever and lower back pain for 10 days and icterus for 2 days before admission. Laboratory findings revealed a slight cholestasis and elevation of acute phase protein levels. In the blood culture a Salmonella Kapemba-type organism was cultured. The patient was afebrile for 10 days after hospitalization and then suddenly developed a temperature of 40 degrees C again. At the same time leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, and a rise of D-dimer levels were detected. The patient was admitted to the intensive care unit for a few days, because a disseminated intravascular coagulation was suspected. With magnetic resonance imaging and bone scintigraphy no osteomyelitis or abscess formation could be found. A transesophageal ultrasonography of the heart revealed no signs of endocarditis. In multiple stool cultures no salmonellas could be detected. After antibiotic treatment with ciprofloxacin the fever and lower back pain subsided, and the patient was discharged a fortnight later. This is the first reported case of typhoid fever due to the bacterium Salmonella Kapemba. ( info)

6/674. Primary Salmonella iliopsoas abscess: a case report.

    Primary iliopsoas abscesses are usually hematogenous or seeded via the lymphatic system from an occult focus. staphylococcus aureus has been reported to be the predominant pathogen, whereas Salmonella sp has rarely been reported to be a major pathogen. We report the case of a 63-year-old woman who presented with a prolonged fever of two weeks' duration. On admission, physical examination revealed tenderness over the left lower abdomen and hip joint, with her thigh in constant flexion. Computerized tomography of the abdomen revealed an iliac fossa abscess. The drained pus culture yielded Salmonella group B. Percutaneous catheter drainage and appropriate antimicrobial therapy with ciprofloxacin eventually yielded good results. There was no evidence of other underlying diseases predisposing the patient to the formation of iliopsoas abscess. Salmonella infection should be considered in the diagnostic protocols of iliopsoas abscess in taiwan, where salmonellosis is prevalent. ( info)

7/674. Spontaneous non-typhoidal Salmonella peritonitis in patients with serious underlying disorders.

    Non-typhoidal Salmonella is a rare cause of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP). Non-typhoidal Salmonella SBP has been reported in patients with relatively normal ascitic fluid protein levels. Five patients with non-typhoidal Salmonella SBP and a review of the literature are reported. These patients had chronic underlying disorders, such as malignancy, or other conditions causing immunosuppression. In previous reports, an ascitic fluid protein level above 1.5 g/dl was present in six patients, and under 1.5 g/dl in two. In the present report, ascitic fluid protein is above 2.5 g/dl in three patients and under 1.5 g/dl in one. immunosuppression and the virulence of the organism seem to play a major role in non-typhoidal Salmonella SBP. physicians should be alert to the possibility of non-typhoidal Salmonella infection in patients with SBP and normal protein levels in ascitic fluid. ( info)

8/674. Non-typhoid Salmonella meningitis complicated by a infarction of basal ganglia.

    A previously healthy 16-month-old Korean girl with symptoms of fever, vomiting, and generalized tonic seizure was diagnosed to have Group D non-typhoid Salmonella meningitis. The patient was treated with ceftriaxone (100 mg/kg/day) and amikin (22.5 mg/kg/day) initially and ciprofloxacin (30 mg/kg/day) was added later because of clinical deterioration and disseminated intravascular coagulation. Brain CT performed on the second day showed a well-demarcated low density lesion in the right lentiform nucleus and both caudate nuclei, without evidence of increased intracranial pressure. MRI performed on the 11th day confirmed CT scan findings as well as right subdural fluid collection, brain atrophy, and ventriculomegaly. She underwent subdural drainage and later ventriculo-peritoneal shunt operation. Despite receiving intensive treatment, she still has severe neurologic sequelae. Our case shows that infarctions of basal ganglia and thalami are not specific for tuberculous meningitis and that meningitis complicated by infarction is indicative of grave prognosis. ( info)

9/674. Salmonella infection in total hip replacement--report of successful reimplantation and review of the literature.

    A case of salmonella enteritidis group C infection following total hip replacement was treated by resectional arthroplasty and appropriate antibiotics. Total hip replacement with reimplantation of an antibiotic-impregnated cemented hip prosthesis was performed five months later. The postoperative course was smooth and hip function was good, without any sign of infection recurrence throughout 10 years of follow-up. The treatment protocol and clinical results are discussed along with a review of the literature. ( info)

10/674. Pleuro pulmonary infection with Salmonella group E.

    A patient was admitted with a history of cough, shortness of breath and fever. After investigations, he was found to have a left-sided pneumonia with pleural effusion. culture of the patient's sputum, pleural fluid and blood revealed Salmonella senftenberg. The patient was started on antibiotics according to the sensitivity report and responded to therapy. The past history revealed attempt at suicide by the intake of corrosive acid, which caused an esophageal stricture. The leak of gastric contents into the mediastinum lead to the infection of the pleural cavity and pneumonia. ( info)
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