Cases reported "Salpingitis"

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1/101. Herpetic salpingitis and fallopian tube prolapse.

    AIM: We describe the unusual association of fallopian tubal prolapse and herpetic infection, an occurrence not previously reported to our knowledge. methods AND RESULTS: A 37-year-old woman presented with a small polypoid mass of the vaginal vault, 3 months after abdominal hysterectomy and abdominoplasty. The vaginal mass proved to be the fimbriated end of a fallopian tube, herniated into the vagina. Reintervention 3 months later with resection of a small vaginal 'polyp' revealed a residual portion of fallopian tube, with superimposed herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection and marked cytological atypia of surface epithelial cells. HSV-2 immunostaining of viral nuclear inclusions and of atypical cells confirmed the herpetic nature of the infection. CONCLUSION: Involvement of the genito-urinary tract by HSV may occur via an ascending infection from the cervix, but the fallopian tube, deeply located in the pelvis, is generally spared from herpetic infection. In the setting of fallopian tubal prolapse, direct exposure of the herniated fallopian tube to various pathogens in the vagina provides an unique clinical model for salpingitis. In herpetic tubal infections, special attention must be paid to cytological atypia of probable viral cytopathogenic origin, to avoid a misdiagnosis of malignancy. ( info)

2/101. Group A streptococcus causing PID from an initial pharyngeal infection. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a difficult diagnosis. Five billion dollars is spent on over 1 million women diagnosed each year. Atypical organisms and prior history of tubal ligation may complicate the diagnosis. CASE: A woman who had undergone tubal ligation and abstained from intercourse for over two years developed group A streptococcal salpingitis. It occurred following an upper respiratory infection with the same organism. CONCLUSION: PID is rare in a woman with prior tubal ligation who is not engaging in intercourse. In this case it followed an upper respiratory infection with group A streptococcus. Low diagnostic suspicion must be maintained for uncommon pathogens in PID in women with prior tubal ligation who are not engaging in intercourse. ( info)

3/101. Unilateral salpingitis due to enterobius vermicularis.

    A case of unilateral salpingitis caused by enterobius vermicularis presenting as a painful adnexal mass in a 28-year-old woman is reported. ( info)

4/101. haemophilus influenzae as a cause of salpingitis.

    A case is reported of acute unilateral salpingitis, the cause of which was haemophilus influenzae cultured from a pus sample taken from the infected Fallopian tube during laparotomy. The significance of the findings is discussed with reference to the literature. ( info)

5/101. Cervicovaginal psammoma bodies in endosalpingiosis. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: The presence of psammoma bodies on cervicovaginal smears is a rare finding. These structures have usually been associated with malignant tumors, particularly ovarian carcinoma. However, a review of the literature reveals that up to 50% of these patients will have psammoma bodies in association with benign conditions; thus, this finding does not always correlate with the presence of a malignant tumor. CASE: An asymptomatic, nulliparous woman had psammoma bodies on a cervicovaginal smear. Evaluation, including cervical conization, endometrial sampling, laparoscopy with pelvic washings and ovarian biopsy, revealed cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 1, endosalpingiosis and numerous psammoma bodies in all specimens except from the cervix. Follow-up examinations at three and six months were negative. CONCLUSION: The finding of psammoma bodies in a Pap smear is not always associated with the presence of a pelvic malignancy. ( info)

6/101. Tuboovarian abscess mimicking malignancy: report of two cases.

    Tuboovarian abscess is a well-known sequela of acute or chronic salpingitis. In a small percentage of patients, these inflammatory masses compress or even rupture into the adjacent viscera, thus simulating the condition of pelvic malignancy, particularly when the clinical presentations are indolent. We describe two cases of tuboovarian abscess mimicking malignancy. Case 1: A 39-year-old woman with an intrauterine device had a clinical presentation mimicking an exophytic submucosal colorectal tumor with suspicious mucosal invasion. She complained of tenesmus but did not experience fever or adnexal tenderness. A right tuboovarian abscess with fistula formation into the rectosigmoid colon was noted during laparotomy. Case 2: A 46-year-old woman with an intrauterine device had a preoperative diagnosis of uterine myoma with degeneration. At laparotomy, an omentum cake with dense pelvic adhesions was noted. Malignancy appeared to be present, and debulking surgery was performed. The final pathologic examination revealed bilateral chronic tuboovarian abscesses and focal omental abscess. ( info)

7/101. Xanthogranulomatous salpingitis and oophoritis: a case report and review of the literature.

    A case of xanthogranulomatous salpingitis and oophoritis in a 47-year-old woman is presented. Xanthogranulomatous inflammation is an uncommon form of chronic inflammation that is destructive to affected organs; it is characterized by the presence of lipid-filled macrophages with admixed lymphocytes, plasma cells, and neutrophils. Only a few cases of xanthogranulomatous salpingitis and oophoritis have been reported to date. The case presented here is associated with escherichia coli infection, endometriosis, and an intrauterine device. ( info)

8/101. Tubal pregnancy: a report of a very early luminal form of imbedding.

    A specimen of a very early ovum, 4 to 6 days old, shown in the luminal form of imbedding before any hemorrhage has taken place, confirms that the luminal form of imbedding does occur. This case probably represents the earliest tubal pregnancy reported. ( info)

9/101. A case of renal involvement in persistent immune activation caused by chlamydial salpingitis.

    A 24-year-old woman presented with renal insufficiency, macrohematuria, and mild urinary protein. Polyclonal hypergamma-globulinemia, thrombocytosis, increased concentration of serum, and urinary interleukin (IL)-6 all indicated persistent immune activation caused by a chlamydia trachomatis infection of the fallopian tube. Gynecological treatment with levofloxacin was effective both for the renal symptoms and other immunological parameters. First and second renal biopsy specimens showed an immune-complex glomerulopathy with extensive interstitial infiltration of many types of inflammatory cells, including plasma cells. Thus, we conclude that chlamydial salpingitis must be considered as one causative disease factor for renal involvement by means of its persistent immune activation effects. ( info)

10/101. association of lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) with endosalpingiosis in the retroperitoneal lymph nodes: report of two cases.

    We report 2 patients in whom pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) affected the retroperitoneal lymph nodes and was associated with endosalpingiosis. These lesions were large, encapsulated masses with multiple cysts containing chylous fluid. Both were characterized by proliferating LAM cells that formed fascicles separated by slit-like channels. Some cysts were lined by ciliated epithelium resembling that of fallopian tubes. Other cysts were lined either by flattened endothelial cells or by a mixture of these cells and epithelial cells. Many LAM cells gave a positive reaction with HMB-45 antibody. Most LAM cells in fascicles were reactive for alpha-smooth muscle actin and desmin. In 1 patient, many of the epithelial cells and some of the subjacent LAM cells were positive for estrogen and progesterone receptors. In conclusion, immunostaining with HMB-45 antibody and markers for smooth muscle cells can be helpful in the evaluation of problems in the differential diagnosis of lesions of extrapulmonary LAM, particularly those involving the genital system. ( info)
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