Cases reported "Seminoma"

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1/239. Neuro-ophthalmologic manifestations of a paraneoplastic syndrome and testicular carcinoma.

    The authors report two patients with testicular cancer who exhibited supranuclear gaze disorders as a manifestation of a paraneoplastic brainstem encephalomyelitis. In the first patient, neuro-ophthalmic dysfunction was accompanied by a prominent limbic encephalitis whereas in the second patient, an unusual, mixed pendular and jerk nystagmus was manifested. neuroimaging revealed an enhancing hypothalamic mass in the first patient and was negative in the second. Blood from both patients contained an antibody previously reported in a patient with limbic encephalitis and testicular cancer. ( info)

2/239. Testicular seminoma in a patient with ataxia-telangiectasia.

    The case history of a 27-year-old man with ataxia-telangiectasia (AT) and testicular seminoma is reported. This is the first documented description of such a malignancy in AT, a syndrome associated with a markedly increased risk of malignant disease. Furthermore, alpha-foetoprotein levels have limitations as a tumour marker in this situation because serum levels may be elevated as a biochemical manifestation of AT. ( info)

3/239. Spermatocytic seminoma: a cytology and histology case report with review of the literature.

    Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) findings are described in a case of spermatocytic seminoma occurring in a 52-yr-old male, involving the left testis. The smears showed three populations of cells (small, medium, and large), with a preponderance of medium-sized cells showing visible nucleoli. The background was clean, in contrast to the "tigroid" substance seen in classical seminoma. Low mitotic rate and absence of lymphocytes were the other features helpful in diagnosis. Because of these distinct morphological features, a preoperative diagnosis of spermatocytic seminoma was possible, with subsequent confirmation on histopathology. The case is being reported because of the rarity of this tumor, and because there have been only a few reported cases of FNAC diagnosis. ( info)

4/239. seminoma associated with bilateral cryptorchidism in Down's syndrome: a case report.

    BACKGROUND: A case of testicular typical seminoma associated with bilateral undescended testes in Down's syndrome is reported. A 42-year-old institutionalized male patient developed left testicular seminoma with retroperitoneal metastasis. methods/RESULTS: Neither adjuvant chemotherapy nor radiotherapy were performed due to his severe mental retardation. He died as a result of the cancer 2 years after a left radical orchiectomy and an autopsy was carried out. DISCUSSION: Recently an increase in the incidence of the association of testicular tumors and Down's syndrome has been repeatedly documented. Thirty-six cases of testicular tumors associated with Down's syndrome have been reported and of these 17.1% had cryptorchidism. This is a much lower percentage considering the high risk of cryptorchidism in males with Down's syndrome. The relationship between testicular germ cell tumors associated with cryptorchidism and Down's syndrome is discussed. ( info)

5/239. Hereditary TP53 codon 292 and somatic P16INK4A codon 94 mutations in a li-fraumeni syndrome family.

    li-fraumeni syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder that is characterized by various types of cancer in childhood and adult cases. Although hereditary TP53 mutation is very rare in different human cancers, it has been frequently reported in li-fraumeni syndrome. On the other hand, hereditary mutations of TP57KIP2, P15INK4B, and P16INK4A, which affect the cell cycle similar to TP53, were observed in some types of cancer. In a Turkish family with the diagnosis of li-fraumeni syndrome, we analyzed the mutation pattern of TP53, P57KIP2, P15INK4B, and P16INK4A in the peripheral blood, and loss of heterozygosity (homo/hemizygous deletion) pattern of TP53 and P15INK4B/P16INK4A in two tumor tissues. The propositus had a seminoma, his daughter a medulloblastoma, and one of his healthy cousins, a TP53 codon 292 missense point mutation (AAA-->ATA; Lys-->Ile) in the peripheral blood cells. Tumor tissue obtained from the propositus with the seminoma revealed loss of heterozygosity in the TP53 gene. In the analyses of tumor tissues from the propositus and his daughter, a P16INK4A codon 94 missense point mutation (GCG-->GAG; Ala-->Glu) was observed with the hereditary TP53 mutation. P16INK4A codon 94 mutation observed in our family is a novel mutation in li-fraumeni syndrome. No other gene alteration in TP53, P57KIP2, P15INK4B, and P16INK4A was observed. Existence of the P16INK4A mutation and the hereditary TP53 mutation with or without loss of heterozygosity in the TP53 gene (seminoma/medulloblastoma) may be evidence for a common mechanism involved in tumorogenesis. The gene alterations in TP53 and P16INK4A genes may be used as tumor markers in our family. ( info)

6/239. Tubular seminoma of the testis.

    A case of tubular seminoma in a 33-year-old man is reported. The tumor occurred in his right testis, measuring 7 x 6 x 6 cm in size. Microscopically, most of the tumor cells were arranged in solid or hollow tubular patterns. The tumor cells had round nuclei with vesicular chromatin and clear or granular cytoplasm, characteristic features of seminoma cells. A classic seminoma component and intratubular atypical germ cells occupying approximately 5% of the tumor area were noted. Immunohistochemical staining revealed that the tumor cells were diffusely placental alkaline phosphatase and vimentin positive, and focally cytokeratin positive. These findings are consistent with a tubular seminoma. The differential diagnoses are discussed. ( info)

7/239. seminoma in a 31-year-old patient on long-term growth hormone therapy.

    We describe a Caucasian male patient aged 31, who was referred to the Institute of reproductive medicine because of infertility and androgen deficiency and in whom we incidentally diagnosed a unilateral testicular tumor. The patient had received growth hormone (GH) since the age of 8 years. One case presenting with testicular neoplasm under growth hormone substitution has been described previously. In conclusion, it cannot be ruled out that GH treatment may be involved in the pathogenesis of germ cell tumor development. Special care should be exercised when patients with a history of maldescended testes require GH substitution. This care should include regular testicular ultrasonography at e.g. half-yearly intervals since sonography may detect testicular tumors long before they become clinically apparent. ( info)

8/239. Persistent mullerian duct syndrome with torsion of an intra-abdominal seminoma.

    Persistent Mullerian Duct Syndrome (PMDS) is a particular form of male pseudohermaphroditism. Due to the absence or inactivity of Mullerian Inhibiting Substance (MIS), no regression is observed of the mullerian ducts in a genotypical and phenotypical male individual. This leads to the development of fallopian tubes, uterus and proximal vagina. The testes often lie intra-abdominally and are exposed to malignant degeneration. A case is described in which the diagnosis of PMDS was made by laparotomy for an acute abdomen, caused by torsion of a seminoma. ( info)

9/239. Surgical rescue for life-threatening hypoxemia caused by a mediastinal tumor.

    We recently encountered a patient with a large anterior mediastinal tumor who developed severe hypoxemia during general anesthesia. This life-threatening hypoxemia was treated by extracorporeal membrane oxygenation using emergent percutaneous cardiopulmonary support followed by extirpation of the tumor. We found that total arteriovenous shunt resulting from compression by the mediastinal tumor caused this severe hypoxemia (total obstruction of left main bronchus and of the right pulmonary artery). ( info)

10/239. Birth after treatment of a male with seminoma and azoospermia with cryopreserved-thawed testicular tissue.

    The case of an infertile couple in which a testicular seminoma and azoospermia were discovered in the husband during infertility treatment is described. A small piece of testicular tissue, obtained by biopsy from the healthy testis [testicular sperm extraction (TESE)], was deep-frozen before oncology therapy was initiated. The patient's lymphocyte karyotype was normal and no Y microdeletions were found. After conclusion of oncology treatment, the tissue was thawed and successfully used in the intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) procedure. A healthy girl was born. Testicular tumours are known to impair fertility in the majority of patients, and fertility deteriorates further after cytotoxic and surgical oncology treatment. Until recently in slovenia, for young oncology patients cryopreservation was applied only to high quality ejaculate fulfilling the criteria for intrauterine insemination or in-vitro fertilization after thawing. Failing that, the only remaining options were fertilization by donor spermatozoa or child adoption. New assisted reproductive technologies, of which the ICSI procedure is the most successful, are suitable for the treatment of only the most severe cases of male infertility. It is reasonable to cryopreserve even poor quality ejaculate prior to the oncology therapy, as well as testicular tissue in cases of azoospermia. ( info)
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