Cases reported "serositis"

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11/33. A case of erythema nodosum and serositis associated with myelodysplastic syndrome.

    Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is a heterogenous group of stem cell disorders usually characterized by progressive refractory cytopenias, which could progress to acute myeloid leukemia. MDS may be associated with a wide spectrum of skin lesions, including neoplastic cell infiltration, Sweet's syndrome, pyoderma gangrenosum, erythema elevatum diutinum, vasculitis, and panniculitis. However, erythema nodosum is rarely associated with MDS. Unusual rheumatologic manifestations in patients with MDS also have been reported, which range from asymptomatic serological abnormalities to classic connective tissue disorders such as sjogren's syndrome, relapsing polychondritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis and mixed connective tissue disease. However, concurrent erythema nodosum and serositis has rarely been reported. We describe a case of MDS with erythema nodosum and immune-mediated pericardial effusion in a 34-year-old woman. ( info)

12/33. Case report: systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) serositis mimicking acute cholecystitis.

    Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a well recognized cause of an acute abdomen. What is less well recognized is that the underlying pathology can be varied. The computed tomography (CT) and ultrasound appearances of the gall-bladder in a case of SLE serositis are shown. The imaging findings were strongly suggestive of primary gall-bladder disease although at laparotomy the gall-bladder showed serosal inflammation only. ( info)

13/33. Exudative polyserositis and acute respiratory failure following praziquantel therapy.

    praziquantel is recommended as the drug of choice for all forms of schistosomiasis. We report the first case (to our knowledge) of exudative effusive polyserositis following treatment of schistosomiasis with this drug. This involved pleura, pericardium, and peritoneum and was associated with acute respiratory failure. The latter preceded the appearance of pleural effusions. We present a brief review of the literature and attract attention to the need for close observation of patients with schistosomiasis who are treated with praziquantel. ( info)

14/33. Idiopathic extensive spontaneous venous thrombosis (a case report).

    Two patients with extensive spontaneous venous thrombosis are reported. Both had documented evidence of polyserositis, transient abnormalities of liver function tests along with normal coagulograms. Although one patient had a short, self-limiting illness, the other required treatment with coumarin derivatives. The relevant literature is discussed. ( info)

15/33. Surgical treatment of constrictive pericarditis due to practolol. A case report.

    We report a case of constrictive pericarditis presenting as a late complication of practolol therapy associated with polyserositis. The patient had a successful result following pericardectomy. This is the first documented case of surgical treatment for practolol induced constrictive pericarditis. ( info)

16/33. amiodarone-induced vasculitis and polyserositis.

    A dose-dependent cutaneous leukocytoclastic vasculitis developed in a 34 year old man who was given amiodarone for supraventricular tachycardias resistant to other drugs. This adverse reaction disappeared within 2 weeks after discontinuation of amiodarone despite its very long half-life of 52 days in this patient. During previous treatment periods with amiodarone, the patient had experienced photosensitivity and dose-dependent polyserositis. Since high doses of amiodarone have been recently proposed for the treatment of resistant cardiac arrhythmias, dose-dependent adverse effects as described here may be encountered with increasing frequency. ( info)

17/33. ascites in systemic lupus erythematosus.

    Peritoneal serositis is not a widely recognised aspect of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Indeed, ascites in SLE is said to occur only when complicated by the nephrotic syndrome, congestive cardiac failure, or hepatic cirrhosis. We describe two patients who developed ascites that could be attributed to none of these complications. ( info)

18/33. Osteosclerotic "plasmocytoma" with polyneuropathy, hypertrichosis and diabetes.

    The combination of osteosclerosis, polyneuropathy, monoclonal immunoglobulin, hypertrichosis, serositis and a number of other symptoms is described. It seems probable that this is a special type of myeloma. Similar cases have been described in japan and out findings are compared with the Japanese picture. The age of the patients is unusually low. The M-component in the plasma is small. There is very little bence jones protein in the urine and osteolytic lesions in the skull do not seem to have occurred. The polyneuropathy may improve during treatment with cytostatic drugs. ( info)

19/33. Multiple antinuclear antibodies in mixed connective tissue disease: report of a patient with an unusual antibody profile.

    A patient with antibodies to RNP, n-dna, Sm and PM-I is described. The first clinical manifestations of connective tissue disease appeared at age 10. A cystic pulmonary lesion, pericardial effusion and nephropathy appeared after 7 years of disease limited to skin and joints. Pulmonary, pericardial and renal disease all appeared to respond to corticosteroid therapy. ( info)

20/33. Chronic adhesive lupus serositis as a complication of systemic lupus erythematosus. Refractory chest pain and small-bowel obstruction.

    Serious clinical sequelae of lupus serositis are uncommon and rarely a cause of morbidity. We describe two patients, one with chronic adhesive pericarditis and one with extensive small-bowel adhesions due to lupus peritonitis. In both, delayed institution of adequate prednisone therapy may have played a contributing role. ( info)
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