Cases reported "Sick Sinus Syndrome"

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11/212. Exchange of pacing or defibrillator leads following laser sheath extraction of non-functional leads in patients with ipsilateral obstructed venous access.

    Occlusion of the subclavian or brachiocephalic vein in pacemaker or defibrillator patients prohibits ipsilateral implantation of new leads with standard techniques in the event of lead malfunction. Three patients are presented in whom laser sheath extraction of a non-functional lead was performed in order to recanalise the occluded vein and to secure a route for implantation of new leads. This technique avoids abandoning a useful subpectoral site for pacing or defibrillator therapy. The laser sheath does not affect normally functioning leads at the same site. ( info)

12/212. Minimally invasive removal of infected pacemaker lead.

    A 37-year-old woman with sick sinus syndrome suffered complications with recurring local infection at the generator pocket. Repeated debridement and antibiotic therapy was ineffective. Several attempts to remove leads via the implantation vein by direct traction were unsuccessful. We operated using cardiopulmonary bypass and applied a minimally invasive lower ministernotomy to obtain pleasing cosmetic results. After a right atriotomy, leads were removed. The minimally invasive approach gave satisfactory results, especially cosmetically. ( info)

13/212. Ventricular pacing failure after a single oral dose of pilsicainide in a patient with a permanent pacemaker and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation.

    A single oral dose of pilsicainide, a Class Ic antiarrhythmic drug, is a widely used and highly effective therapy for termination of recent onset atrial fibrillation. We report on a patient in which ventricular pacing failure occurred immediately after a single oral dose of pilsicainide. It did not exhibit a parallel relationship between the change in the pacing threshold and plasma concentration of pilsicainide, and the recovery period for the ventricular pacing threshold was longer than that of the plasma concentration of pilsicainide in this patient. Careful attention should be paid when a single oral dose of pilsicainide for termination of recent onset atrial fibrillation is used in patients with permanent pacemakers. ( info)

14/212. Effects of theophylline on exercise indices in a patient with chronotropic incompetence.

    Several investigators have documented the successful use of oral sustained-release theophylline in treating symptomatic bradycardia and sick sinus syndrome. This paper reports a case of chronotropic incompetence in which specific exercise indices, including the chronotropic response index, were used to measure the therapeutic efficacy of theophylline. ( info)

15/212. sick sinus syndrome in a patient with single coronary artery anomaly.

    Single coronary artery anomaly is very rare. The reported manifestations include angina pectoris and congestive heart failure. Here we describe a case of single coronary artery anomaly presenting as sick sinus syndrome, which has no literature precedence. A 47-year-old woman had complained of intermittent dizziness for years. A Holter electrocardiogram showed sinus bradycardia and junctional or ventricular rhythm with a maximal ventricular pause of up to 3.2 seconds. Electrophysiologic study revealed prolonged corrected sinus nodal recovery time. coronary angiography showed that the left anterior descending artery had a long course with a side branch originating from the proximal part and coursing anteriorly to the territory of the proximal portion of the right coronary artery. The sinus node is usually supplied by the sinoatrial branch via the right coronary artery. aortography showed that the right coronary artery ostium was absent. A permanent pacemaker was implanted and the patient was discharged in good condition. The present case suggests that coronary artery anomaly may lead to compromised blood supply to the sinus node, and hence sick sinus syndrome. ( info)

16/212. Case 4: a patient with symptomatic bradycardia.

    Both the clinical and electrocardiographic presentations of sick sinus syndrome are highly variable. As illustrated by this month's case of Interactive Grand Rounds, the initial challenge to the clinician is to establish the correct diagnosis in the patient who has symptomatic bradyarrhythmias. ( info)

17/212. Congenital sick sinus syndrome with breath holding and severe syncope episodes during infancy. A case report.

    sick sinus syndrome is a rare cause of bradycardia in children without structural heart disease. A case of profound sinus bradycardia, sinus arrest with junctional escape, and pauses in a two-year-old infant with breath-holding and syncope episodes is presented. As a result of these clinical symptoms and electrocardiographic findings, the patient with sick sinus syndrome underwent implantation of transvenous ventricular pacemaker. He has been well and asymptomatic since the insertion of the pacemaker. In the differential diagnosis of an infant with breath-holding and syncope episodes, when these symptoms in particular cannot be explained by other common reasons, sick sinus syndrome should be kept in mind. This case also illustrates the importance of electrocardiographic studies for the diagnosis. ( info)

18/212. torsades de pointes ventricular tachycardia induced by mosapride and flecainide in the presence of hypokalemia.

    We report a 68-year-old man who developed torsades de pointes ventricular tachycardia induced by combined use of mosapride and flecainide. He had a permanent pacemaker (DDD mode) implanted because of sick sinus syndrome (bradytachy syndrome) 6 years earlier. The patient had started taking mosapride for upper abdominal discomfort 2 weeks earlier. On admission, ECG showed prolongation of the QTc interval from 0.48 to 0.56 seconds and self-terminating torsades de pointes occurred. We considered that this proarrhythmia was induced by mosapride in combination with antiarrhythmic agents. ( info)

19/212. Arrhythmias in neurofibromatosis. A case report and review of the literature.

    patients with neurofibromatosis have a higher incidence of anatomic cardiac abnormalities. However, there is little data regarding incidence of arrhythmias in this population. It is known that these patients have a higher mortality than the normal population, and it is possible that some deaths may be due to preventable causes such as cardiac arrhythmias. We report a patient with neurofibromatosis who was treated for a refractory seizure disorder for 8 years. However, video/EEG monitoring demonstrated that the patient had recurrent syncopal seizures secondary to sinus node dysfunction. Complete resolution of symptoms occurred after a permanent pacemaker implantation. We believe this is the first reported case of sinus node dysfunction associated with neurofibromatosis. ( info)

20/212. Spontaneous regression over a 16-year period of tachyarrhythmias to sick sinus syndrome and complete atrioventricular block in a young patient with Ebstein's anomaly.

    A 25-year-old man with Ebstein's anomaly showed spontaneous regression of tachyarrhythmias to sick sinus syndrome and complete atrioventricular block over a 16-year period. This is the first clinical report supporting the hypothesis that abnormal cell death might contribute to the disturbance of the heart conduction system in Ebstein's anomaly. ( info)
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