Cases reported "spondylitis"

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1/230. Lumbar intraspinal synovial cysts of different etiologies: diagnosis by CT and MR imaging.

    Intraspinal synovial cysts arises from a facet joint and may cause radicular symptoms due to nerve root compression. In the present study, three surgically and histologically proved cases of synovial cyst of the lumbar spine with different etiology are described. The purpose of this report is to illustrate the imaging features of various etiologies of intraspinal synovial cysts allowing a correct preoperative diagnosis. review of the literature enables us to say that to our knowledge, there is no reported article collecting the imaging findings of intraspinal synovial cysts with different etiologies. Only single cases with rheumatoid arthritic or traumatic origin have been reported to date. We believe that computed tomography and particularly magnetic resonance imaging are the methods of choice which provide the most valuable diagnostic information. ( info)

2/230. role of MRI in the diagnosis of cervical brucellar spondylitis: case report.

    magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the most suitable modality for evaluation of infectious spondylitis. It is more sensitive than other imaging modalities for detecting presence and extent of such infections. Though it is not always possible to differentiate various infections on the basis of imaging findings alone, there are certain features which along with a good clinical background, can differentiate brucellar spondylitis from other spinal infections. It is useful to follow up such patients after specific chemotherapy to further confirm the diagnosis. ( info)

3/230. mycobacterium fortuitum spinal infection: case report.

    Acute paraplegia followed a vertebral infection with mycobacterium fortuitum. There was a satisfactory response to surgery and antibiotics. No predisposing factors for this primary bone infection could be found. ( info)

4/230. Fungal spinal osteomyelitis in the immunocompromised patient: MR findings in three cases.

    The MR imaging findings of fungal spinal osteomyelitis in three recipients of organ transplants showed hypointensity of the vertebral bodies on T1-weighted sequences in all cases. Signal changes and enhancement extended into the posterior elements in two cases. Multiple-level disease was present in two cases (with a total of five intervertebral disks involved in three cases). All cases lacked hyperintensity within the disks on T2-weighted images. In addition, the intranuclear cleft was preserved in four of five affected disks at initial MR imaging. MR features in candida and aspergillus spondylitis that are distinct from pyogenic osteomyelitis include absence of disk hyperintensity and preservation of the intranuclear cleft on T2-weighted images. Prompt recognition of these findings may avoid delay in establishing a diagnosis and instituting treatment of opportunistic osteomyelitis in the immunocompromised patient. ( info)

5/230. Multifocal bone tuberculosis presenting as a breast mass: CT and MRI findings.

    Chest wall involvement is an uncommon manifestation of musculoskeletal tuberculosis. We present computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging findings in a case with multifocal musculoskeletal tuberculosis presenting as a breast mass. These radiological modalities are not diagnostic without histopathological confirmation, but they are valuable guides to surgery in defining the extent of disease involvement. ( info)

6/230. Pyogenic infectious spondylitis in a patient with diabetes: case report.

    A case of pyogenic infectious spondylitis associated with diabetes was reported. The patient experienced focal back pain 2 weeks after amputation of her left foot due to diabetic gangrene. magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbar spine revealed decreased T1-weighted signals of Th11 and Th12 vertebral bodies and prevertebral masses, and these lesions were also detected as high signal intensities in T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. The images were consistent with a diagnosis of pyogenic infectious spondylitis and the patient responded to treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics. Percutaneous drainage of the abscesses was also needed. Early magnetic resonance imaging examination was particularly helpful in the accurate diagnosis and treatment of this rare disorder. ( info)

7/230. Rigid spine syndrome. Two case-reports.

    Rigid spine syndrome is characterized by massive spinal rigidity, usually most marked in the cervical region. Stiffness of the peripheral joints is sometimes present. We report two cases. Patient 1 was a 12-year-old boy diagnosed at three years of age with Duchenne's muscular dystrophy because of delayed onset of walking. contracture of the Achilles tendons, flexion contracture of the elbows, and loss of motion of the cervical spine were the main findings during the current evaluation. Radiographs of the affected joints were normal. An electrocardiogram showed an incomplete left bundle branch block. Muscle enzyme activities were moderately elevated. A myopathic pattern was seen on the electromyogram. A muscle biopsy showed muscle fiber atrophy with peri- and endomysial fibrosis. Patient 2 was a 39-year-old man with a five-year history of isolated rigidity of the cervical spine thought to be due to a spondylarthropathy. Extension was the only movement possible at the cervical spine. The peripheral joints showed no motion range limitation. Findings were normal from radiographs of the spine and sacroiliac joints, an erythrocyte sedimentation rate determination, an electromyogram, and muscle enzyme activity assays. A muscle biopsy showed muscle fiber atrophy with peri- and endomysial fibrosis. DISCUSSION: Rigid spine syndrome is rare in rheumatological practice and can simulate a number of other muscle and joint diseases. Peri- and endomysial fibrosis may be strongly suggestive, although nonpathognomonic. Involvement of the heart governs the prognosis. ( info)

8/230. Occipitocervicothoracic fixation for spinal instability in patients with neoplastic processes.

    OBJECT: Occipitocervicothoracic (OCT) fixation and fusion is an infrequently performed procedure to treat patients with severe spinal instability. Only three cases have been reported in the literature. The authors have retrospectively reviewed their experience with performing OCT fixation in patients with neoplastic processes, paying particular attention to method, pain relief, and neurological status. methods: From July 1994 through July 1998, 13 of 552 patients who underwent a total of 722 spinal operations at the M. D. Anderson Cancer Center have required OCT fixation for spinal instability caused by neoplastic processes (12 of 13 patients) or rheumatoid arthritis (one of 13 patients). Fixation was achieved by attaching two intraoperatively contoured titanium rods to the occiput via burr holes and Luque wires or cables; to the cervical spinous processes with wisconsin wires; and to the thoracic spine with a combination of transverse process and pedicle hooks. Crosslinks were used to attain additional stability. In all patients but one arthrodesis was performed using allograft. At a follow-up duration of 1 to 45 months (mean 14 months), six of the 12 patients with neoplasms remained alive, whereas the other six patients had died of malignant primary disease. There were no deaths related to the surgical procedure. Postoperatively, one patient experienced respiratory insufficiency, and two patients required revision of rotational or free myocutaneous flaps. All patients who presented with spine-based pain experienced a reduction in pain, as measured by a visual analog scale for pain. All patients who were neurologically intact preoperatively remained so; seven of seven patients with neurological impairment improved; and six of seven patients improved one Frankel grade. There were no occurrences of instrumentation failure or hardware-related complications. In one patient a revision of the instrumentation was required 13.5 months following the initial surgery for progression of malignant fibrous histiosarcoma. CONCLUSIONS: In selected patients, OCT fixation is an effective means of attaining stabilization that can provide pain relief and neurological preservation or improvement. ( info)

9/230. A case of cervical brucella spondylitis with paravertebral abscess and neurological deficits.

    spondylitis is one of the more frequent osteoarticular complications of brucella infection, but cervical spine involvement is rare. We report here a case of cervical brucella spondylitis with paravertebral anterior epidural abscess which resulted in neurological deficits. The diagnosis is based on clinical history supported by brucella serology, radiological findings and histological evidence. ( info)

10/230. Primary hydatid disease of the spine: an unusual cause of progressive paraplegia. Case report and review of the literature.

    Although rare, spinal hydatid disease is a manifestation of hydatid infestation. The authors present the report of a patient who presented with primary spinal hydatid disease. This disease is often misdiagnosed as tuberculous spondylitis, and thus patients may subsequently receive inappropriate treatment. The patient in this case presented, with an increasing weakness in the lower limbs, to a different clinic from an area in india where hydatid infections are endemic. The infection was misdiagnosed as tuberculous spondolytis based on evaluation of plain x-ray films, and the patient underwent antituberculous chemotherapy and a posterior surgical decompressive procedure. The patient presented to the authors' clinic with increasing paraparesis 1.5 years later. Radiographs and a magnetic resonance image of the spine were obtained, which strongly suggested hydatid disease. Examination of serum levels confirmed the diagnosis. The patient underwent a decompressive procedure of the spine in which stabilization was performed. Postoperatively her paraparesis resolved, and good control over the disease was achieved by chemotherapy. The authors conclude that primary spinal hydatid disease of the spine, although a rare manifestation, should be considered in the differential diagnosis in patients with infectious and destructive lesions of the spine in regions in which the disease is endemic. Advanced imaging studies should be performed to diagnose the disease. Early decompressive surgery with stabilization of the spine, in addition to adjuvant chemotherapy, is the treatment of choice for these patients. ( info)
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