Cases reported "takotsubo cardiomyopathy"

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11/693. Disseminated cystic lymphangiomatosis presenting with acute abdomen: report of a case and review of the literature.

    lymphangioma is an uncommon tumor. Lymphangiomatosis, a benign tumor consisting of a cluster of dilated lymphatic channels, is very unusual. Most lymphangiomatoses are found in the neck and head area. Less than 5% are diagnosed intraabdominally and they are very infrequently encountered in the retroperitoneal area. Herein, we report a rare case of a 32 year-old woman who had disseminated intra-abdominal and retroperitoneal cystic lymphangiomatosis, which presented as acute abdomen. She received exploratory laparotomy due to the suspicion of malignancy, which was finally confirmed as cystic lymphangiomatosis. The clinical manifestations, imaging features, and management of this patient are discussed and compared with previous literature. ( info)

12/693. Pyogenic liver abscess as a cause of acute upper abdominal pain. A report of two cases.

    The clinical course of 2 patients with acute abdominal pain, which was eventually found to be due to pyogenic hepatic abscesses is described. One patient, operated on late in the course, died; the other, who was operated on early, recovered. The importance of considering this life-threatening disease in the differential diagnosis of acute abdominal pain is emphasized. ( info)

13/693. intussusception in infants: an emergency in diagnosis and treatment.

    intussusception is an important cause of intestinal obstruction and bowel necrosis in infants under 2 years. Most frequently the ileocaecal junction is involved. Various aetiologic factors, such as Meckel's diverticulum and lymphoid hyperplasia have been identified. Hydrostatic reduction of the intussusception should be attempted, but delay in diagnosis frequently leads to surgical intervention, because of failing reduction. We report a case of a 4-month-old boy whose ileocaecal junction was intussuscepted into the rectum, and therefore could be palpated by rectal examination. Unsuccessful hydrostatic reduction and bowel necrosis because of delay in diagnosis, made surgical intervention necessary. A terminal ileostomy was performed. A second case report considers a 10-month-old boy whose ileocaecal junction was intussuscepted into the colon sigmoideum. Because there was no delay in diagnosis, this intussusception could be reduced hydrostatically. The procedure however was difficult because of a dolichosigmoideum. Recent literature is also reviewed. ( info)

14/693. Ovarian cavernous hemangioma in an 8-year-old girl.

    The case of an ovarian cavernous hemangioma with torsion in an 8-year-old girl is described. Current literature records less than 50 cases of which only 8 are in children. The presenting symptoms of acute abdomen and the ultrasonographic study led to the preoperative diagnosis of torsion of an ovarian tumor. Salpingo-oophorectomy and appendicectomy were performed with an uneventful postoperative course. The histological pattern of the tumor was that of an entirely cavernous hemangioma. The case is reported in view of its rarity. ( info)

15/693. Acute abdominal pain and eosinophilia, two cases of eosinophilic gastroenteritis.

    Two patients are presented who were admitted with acute abdominal pain for which they underwent laparotomy. No clear-cut diagnosis could be established during operation. Eventually, eosinophilic gastroenteritis was diagnosed and treated with corticosteroids. The heterogeneous presentation of eosinophilic gastroenteritis is discussed, ranging from mild non-specific gastrointestinal symptoms to an acute abdominal emergency prompting surgical intervention. The pathogenesis and treatment of eosinophilic gastroenteritis are discussed. ( info)

16/693. Acute abdomen in mentally retarded patients: role of aerophagia. Report of nine cases.

    Between 1993 and 1996 nine mentally retarded patients presented because of an acute abdomen. All had the habit of aerophagia, diagnosed previously by a general practitioner. Massive distension of the bowel led to ileus, volvulus, and necrosis. After placement of a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy catheter or performing a gastrostomy during laparotomy with the intention to use as a desufflator, no recurrence of the signs and symptoms of an acute abdomen were observed. ( info)

17/693. Primary repair of cornual rupture occurring at 21 weeks gestation and successful pregnancy outcome.

    The successful delivery in a 31 year old woman at 33 weeks gestation is reported, after repair to a cornual rupture which occurred at 21 weeks gestation. The patient exhibited acute abdominal pain and pending shock. Emergency laparotomy showed a cornual rupture and an intrauterine vital fetus having intact amnion membrane. On the patient's family's insistence, primary repair for a cornual rupture was performed and preservation of the fetus attempted. Postoperatively, tocolytic agent with ritodrine hydrochloride was administered and close follow-up of the patient was uneventful. The patient had a smooth obstetric course until 33 weeks gestation when premature rupture of the membranes occurred, soon followed by the onset of labour. She underwent an elective Caesarean section and delivered a normal male fetus weighing 2140 g with Apgar scores at 1, 5 and 10 min of 6, 8, and 9 respectively. Because of this successful outcome, we suggest that primary repair for such an unusual patient should be accepted. ( info)

18/693. Seldom found acute abdomen: perforated diverticulum in the transverse colon.

    The authors report a recently examined rare case of isolated perforated diverticulum of the transverse colon. At surgery, a perforated omentum-sealed diverticulum was found in the third distal wall of the transverse colon. A diverticulectomy was performed. The postoperative course was excellent. ( info)

19/693. Sigmoid colon perforation due to geophagia.

    Geophagia can be a problem in mentally handicapped patients. This case report presents a 71-year-old mentally handicapped women who had to be operated in emergency for colonic perforation due to geophagia. ( info)

20/693. Abdominal pregnancy in a 67-year-old woman undetected for 37 years. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: Abdominal pregnancy is an exceedingly rare occurrence, but even more unusual is prolonged retention of an advanced abdominal pregnancy with lithopedion formation. We present the case of prolonged retention of an advanced abdominal pregnancy in an elderly women. CASE: A 67-year-old, white woman presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain. An acute abdominal series revealed a fetal skeleton extending from the patient's pelvis to her lower costal margins. Pelvic examination revealed a normal postmenopausal uterus, and human chorionic gonadotropin was negative. On further questioning the patient reported that she had become pregnant 37 years earlier and was diagnosed as having a "missed" pregnancy. She refused intervention at that time but suffered no untoward consequences. She reported having had later a healthy intrauterine pregnancy, delivered vaginally at term. No attempt was made to remove the prior missed abdominal pregnancy. The acute pain episode resolved, and there was no surgical intervention. CONCLUSION: Abdominal pregnancies can have a complex course, and management decisions can be difficult. This case presents an unusual outcome of an advanced abdominal pregnancy and illustrates a unique approach to management. ( info)
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