Cases reported "Thymus Neoplasms"

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1/889. Endobronchial brachytherapy for recurrent thymoma showing endobronchial polypoid growth.

    The authors report a case of recurrent thymoma displaying endobronchial polypoid growth. Initially, the patient had invasive thymoma with intracaval growth into the right atrium. He was treated with multimodality therapy consisting of chemotherapy, surgical resection, and radiotherapy (50.4 Gy). Both 3 years and 6 years after the initial treatment, the tumor recurred outside the reconstructed superior vena cava. The patient was treated with repeated radiotherapy (50.4 Gy and 40 Gy), and remission was achieved. Eight years after the first therapy, an endobronchial polypoid lesion was detected in the right upper lobe bronchus and was histologically found to be thymoma. Endobronchial high-dose rate brachytherapy (20 Gy at 3 mm/5 fractions) was carried out for palliation because the recurrent tumor occurred outside of the superior vena cava area, which had been reirradiated. After the treatment, the endobronchial tumor shrunk remarkably in size without adverse effects. No tumor regrowth has been noted after a follow-up of 10 months. ( info)

2/889. Coexistence of erythrocyte agglutination and EDTA-dependent platelet clumping in a patient with thymoma and plasmocytoma.

    For 8 years, EDTA-dependent pseudothrombocytopenia was observed in a 55-year-old woman with a history of rheumatoid arthritis who had undergone surgery for lymphoepithelial thymoma 11 years earlier. The clinical picture was characterized by the presence of platelet clumps and antiplatelet antibodies of the IgM class. With the recent appearance of a solitary extramedullary plasmocytoma in the right retrobulbar region and the detection of an IgGlambda monoclonal gammopathy, blood examination also revealed erythrocyte agglutinates alongside the platelet clumps and the presence of a cold IgG antibody with antiI specificity. Both phenomena were observed in vitro when the sample temperature declined to 20 degrees C to 25 degrees C, but not at 37 degrees C. While the EDTA-dependent antiplatelet antibodies did not appear to be chronologically correlated with the patient's diseases, the cold antierythrocyte autoantibodies were strictly related to the plasmocytoma and the IgGlambda monoclonal component in serum. To our knowledge, this is the first description of an association between EDTA-dependent platelet and erythrocyte agglutinates, with a clinical picture of pseudothrombocytopenia and pseudoerythrocytopenia due to cold agglutinins. ( info)

3/889. Multiple endocrine neoplastic-associated thymic carcinoid tumour in close relatives: octreotide scan as a new diagnostic and follow-up modality. Two case reports.

    Thymic carcinoid tumours constitute less than 1% of all carcinoids, and differ markedly from true thymomas in natural history, morphology, prognosis and therapeutic options. New clinical and diagnostic modalities are described in two brothers with thymic carcinoid associated with multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome. octreotide scintigraphy proved useful for diagnosis and follow-up, and somatostatin receptor positivity may provide new prospects for treatment of non-resectable or recurrent tumour. ( info)

4/889. Invasive thymoma with long-term survival by extensive reoperation.

    The recurrence of invasive thymoma is often observed; however, no accepted treatment of recurrent invasive thymoma has yet been established. We herein report a 41-year-old woman with invasive thymoma and pleural dissemination who demonstrated long-term survival after undergoing 4 operations. Based on our findings, reoperation is thus suggested in patients with intrathoracic recurrence and long-term survival can be expected. ( info)

5/889. thymoma associated with myasthenia gravis and minimal lesion nephrotic syndrome.

    A nephrotic syndrome has been observed rarely in association with thymoma. In most of the reported cases, it occurs when the thymoma is in remission; histological examination generally shows minimal change disease. We report a case of a 43-year-old man presenting with minimal lesion nephrotic syndrome at the time of the diagnosis of thymoma and myasthenia gravis, which persists despite remission of the thymoma. The role of a disorder of T-cell function and of circulating cytokines is discussed. ( info)

6/889. Surgical resection combined with intrathoracic hyperthermic perfusion for thymic carcinoma with an intrathoracic disseminated lesion: a case report.

    Thymic undifferentiated carcinoma has a poor prognosis. We encountered a patient with thymic carcinoma associated with an intrathoracic disseminated lesion, who underwent surgery combined with intrathoracic hyperthermic perfusion after systemic chemotherapy and showed good results. The 45-year-old man was diagnosed as having a thymoma with an intrathoracic disseminated lesion. After he underwent three courses of systemic chemotherapy, he was admitted to our hospital. An anterior mediastinal tumor and an intrathoracic disseminated lesion remained, and were treated by surgical resection combined with intrathoracic hyperthermic perfusion. The tumors were histopathologically diagnosed as thymic undifferentiated carcinomas with pleural dissemination. At present, approximately 16 months after surgery, the patient is alive without recurrence. ( info)

7/889. Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumor metastases to the thyroid gland: differential diagnosis with medullary thyroid carcinoma.

    neuroendocrine tumors (NET) of the thyroid gland are rare. Apart from medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC), metastases of gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) NET may also occur. Features of six patients (five men, one female: age range, 39-67 years) with thyroid metastases from a GEP-NET are described. Thyroid metastases were bilateral in all patients and were associated with enlarged neck lymph nodes in five. In four cases, the thyroid tumor was either the first sign of the disease (n = 2) or was an isolated site of recurrence (n = 2). The tumors were well (n = 3) or poorly differentiated (n = 3). Five tumors for which the primary site could be determined corresponded to foregut-derived tumors (3 lungs, 1 thymus and 1 pancreatic NET). One tumor demonstrated calcitonin (CT) production as shown by immunohistochemistry and elevated plasma CT levels. However, the disease history and the clinical features strongly favored a metastasizing GEP-NET. No tumoral RET proto-oncogene mutation was found in this patient. The differential diagnosis between metastatic GEP-NET and MTC is crucial because prognosis, work-up, and treatment differ greatly. ( info)

8/889. dermatomyositis associated with invasive thymoma.

    We report a case of dermatomyositis (DM) associated with invasive thymoma in a 22-year-old woman who was admitted to our hospital complaining of dyspnea which required ventilation support. The reddened elevated scaly eruptions were prominent over the extensor surfaces. Chest X-ray and computed tomography showed mediastinal masses, which were diagnosed as mixed type thymoma. Muscle and skin biopsy specimens were compatible with DM. She was treated with methylprednisolone pulse therapy followed by extended removal of the anterior mediastinal tumor and subsequent radiotherapy. She has had a good clinical course without recurrence of thymoma or DM for more than 3 years. The role of thymoma in the development of DM is discussed. ( info)

9/889. Bilateral pleuritis caused by legionella micdadei.

    A 58-year-old woman was hospitalized because of progressive respiratory distress. She had a history of myasthenia gravis and invasive thymoma. After thymectomy, she had been administered oral prednisolone and intrathoracic anti-cancer drugs postoperatively. Her chest radiograph revealed bilateral pleural effusions. legionella micdadei (L. micdadei) was isolated from the pleural effusions, and she was diagnosed as pleuritis caused by L. micdadei. She died despite intensive therapy with mechanical ventilation, drainage tube in the chest and intravenous erythromycin. Although only two cases of legionellosis caused by L. micdadei have been reported in japan, clinicians should be aware of L. micdadei as one of the candidates for infection in immunosuppressed hosts. ( info)

10/889. Spindle epithelial tumor with thymus-like differentiation (SETTLE) of the thyroid with prominent mitotic activity and focal necrosis.

    Spindle epithelial tumor with thymus-like differentiation (SETTLE) is a rare, apparently low-grade spindle cell tumor of the thyroid gland occurring in young individuals and thought to be derived from thymic or branchial pouch remnants. Spindle epithelial tumor with thymus-like differentiation has little to no mitotic activity, and focal necrosis has been reported in one case. We present a case of SETTLE in a 29-year-old man that was initially evaluated by fine-needle aspirate biopsy and ultimately found to be consistent histologically with SETTLE. In this case, there were numerous mitotic figures among the spindle cells and focal necrosis. Spindle epithelial tumor with thymus-like differentiation has been considered to be a tumor of low malignant potential with metastases developing some years after diagnosis. This is the first case in which prominent mitotic activity and necrosis is reported perhaps representing an aggressive variant. ( info)
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