Cases reported "Thyroid Diseases"

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1/380. Manifestation of Hashimoto's encephalopathy years before onset of thyroid disease.

    patients with Hashimoto's encephalopathy (HE), a steroid-responsive disorder, associated with Hashimoto's disease and high levels of thyroid-related autoantibodies usually present with a subacute onset of confusion, focal or generalized seizures. Frequent EEG abnormalities include generalized, rhythmic bifrontal or temporal slowing. Elevated protein levels or an intrathecal IgG synthesis may be present in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). A 39-year-old woman underwent a relapsing course of myocloni and generalized seizures. Initially, thyroid function, thyroid-related autoantibody screening and cerebral MRI were unrevealing. CSF showed oligoclonal bands. Short-term treatment with high doses of prednisolone resolved the myocloni. During the 5th episode of myocloni, signs of hyperthyroidism and elevation of thyroid microsomal antibody titer developed. Hashimoto's thyroiditis and HE were diagnosed. After subtotal thyroidectomy the patient remained asymptomatic. ( info)

2/380. Thyroid disease in pregnancy.

    This review article provides a broad overview of thyroid disease and pregnancy. ( info)

3/380. Diffuse lipomatosis of thyroid gland.

    A case of diffuse lipomatosis of the thyroid gland is presented. Previously documented cases of this rare disorder are reviewed. Diffuse lipomatosis of the thyroid, amyloid goiter with adipose tissue, and the relationship between lipomatosis and adenolipoma are discussed. ( info)

4/380. Identification of thyroid hormone residues on serum thyroglobulin: a clue to the source of circulating thyroglobulin in thyroid diseases.

    thyroglobulin (Tg) present in the serum of normal individuals and patients with thyroid disorders could be partly newly synthesized non-iodinated Tg and partly Tg containing iodine and hormone residues originating from the lumen of thyroid follicles. With the aim of examining the contribution of the latter source of Tg to the elevation of serum Tg concentration in thyroid pathophysiological situations, we devised a procedure to identify thyroxine (T4) and tri-iodothyronine (T3) residues on Tg from unfractionated serum. A two-step method, basedon (i)adsorption of Tg on an immobilized anti-human Tg (hTg) monoclonal antibody (mAb) and (ii)recognition of hormone residues on adsorbed Tg by binding of radioiodinated anti-T4 mAb and anti-T3 mAb, was used to analyze serum Tg from patients with either Graves' disease (GD), subacute thyroiditis (ST) or metastatic differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). Purified hTg preparations with different iodine and hormone contents were used as reference. adsorption of purified Tg and serum Tg on immobilized anti-hTg mAb ranged between 85 and 90% over a wide concentration range. Labeled anti-T4 and anti-T3 mAbs bound to adsorbed purified Tg in amounts related to its iodine content. Tg adsorbed from six out of six sera from ST exhibited anti-T4 and anti-T3 mAb binding activities. In contrast, significant mAb binding was only observed in one out of eight sera from untreated GD patients and in 1 out of 13 sera from patients with DTC. The patient with DTC, whose serum Tg contained T4 and T3, represented a case of hyperthyroidism caused by a metastatic follicular carcinoma. In conclusion, we have identified, for the first time, T4 and T3 residues on circulating Tg. The presence of Tg with hormone residues in serum is occasional in GD and DTC but is a common and probably distinctive feature of ST. ( info)

5/380. arteriovenous fistula of the thyroid gland associated with spontaneous bleeding from a flow-induced aneurysm of the inferior thyroid artery.

    A case of acute, spontaneous cervical hemorrhage caused by a ruptured aneurysm of the inferior thyroid artery is described. This lesion was accompanied by an arteriovenous fistula within the thyroid gland that caused a flow-induced aneurysm. diagnosis and treatment were successfully performed by selective angiography with endovascular occlusion and embolization. Both diagnostic and therapeutic management are discussed, and the related literature is reviewed. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of an aneurysm of a thyroid artery in conjunction with an intraparenchymatous arteriovenous fistula of the thyroid gland. ( info)

6/380. Fine needle aspiration cytology of Langerhans cell histiocytosis of the thyroid. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) of the thyroid is a rare condition, and fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of this entity has rarely been described. CASE: FNAC was done on a 3-cm-diameter thyroid swelling in the left lower lobe of the thyroid gland. Smears showed a large number of lymphocytes, eosinophils, thyroid follicular cells and discrete, large cells with prominent nuclear grooves. Mitotic activity was frequent. A cytologic diagnosis of LCH was offered. Subtotal thyroidectomy was performed, and the cytologic diagnosis was confirmed by histology. CONCLUSION: LCH of the thyroid has certain salient diagnostic features. The presence of histiocytes with prominent nuclear grooves, reactive lymphoid cells and eosinophils along with benign thyroid follicular cells should raise the suspicion of this rare entity on FNAC smears of the thyroid. ( info)

7/380. Disseminated tuberculosis: still a diagnostic challenge.

    Disseminated tuberculosis is notoriously difficult to diagnose and, with the decrease in tuberculosis incidence in australia, familiarity with its manifestations has dwindled. We describe four bacteriologically proven cases which illustrate the range of presentations and diagnostic difficulties. Surprisingly, immunosuppressive therapy need not cause rapid deterioration. Disseminated tuberculosis should be considered in any patient with multisystem illness who is at risk of tuberculosis, particularly if born overseas. In the absence of confirmatory results, a prompt therapeutic trial may be life-saving. ( info)

8/380. celiac disease associated with familial chronic urticaria and thyroid autoimmunity in a child.

    An 11-year-old girl presented with chronic urticaria (CU), antithyroid antibodies, and anemia. celiac disease was diagnosed. The family history was positive for maternally derived CU and thyroid autoimmunity in three generations. Human leukocyte antigen typing disclosed human leukocyte antigen DQA1*0501 DQB1*0201 in both mother and child. CU was unresponsive to a gluten-free diet despite clinical and laboratory resolution of celiac disease in contrast to previous reports in adults. We believe that this is the first report of this association in a child, highlighting that CU may be a part of the spectrum of autoimmune phenomenon related to celiac disease. ( info)

9/380. thyroid gland hematoma after blunt cervical trauma.

    Thyroid hematoma is a rare cause of airway obstruction in victims of blunt trauma. The case of a 34-year-old woman who developed orthopnea after a low-energy motor vehicle accident is described. Presenting greater than 24 hours after her accident, the patient noted dysphagia, tracheal deviation, and postural dyspnea. The diagnosis of thyroid gland hematoma was made with a combination of fiberoptic laryngoscopy, cervical computed tomography, and great vessel and carotid angiography. Invasive airway management was not required. The patient underwent a total thyroidectomy and recovered without complications. ( info)

10/380. Recurrent acute suppurative thyroiditis in a child: case report.

    A 23-month-old girl presented with a history of persistent fever and growing left anterior neck mass following an upper respiratory tract infection. Laboratory studies revealed leukocytosis, elevated levels of the erythrocyte sedimentation rate and c-reactive protein, and a mild impairment of thyroid function. Thyroid scan showed a decreased radioactive iodine uptake of the left thyroid gland. culture of the thyroid aspirate grew the mixed flora, viridans streptococci, prevotella spp, and peptostreptococcus magnus. She was discharged after a surgical drainage and a 14-day course of penicillin-G therapy. Unfortunately, she was readmitted for the resembling problems, the fever and progressing left anterior neck mass 3 months later. culture of thyroid aspirate also grew the viridans streptococci. She recovered after a 14-day course of penicillin-G therapy. A left pyriform sinus fistula was found by barium esophagogram. A selective operation was performed 8 weeks later. ( info)
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