Cases reported "Tonsillitis"

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1/158. A role for tonsillectomy in the treatment of psoriasis?

    Our objective was to determine whether tonsillectomy is beneficial in the treatment of recurrent childhood guttate psoriasis that is associated with recurrent streptococcal pharyngitis and tonsillitis. We retrospectively reviewed the cases of two children who were referred to our facility for treatment of repeated exacerbations of psoriasis and recurrent streptococcal pharyngotonsillitis. Both patients experienced a significant improvement in their psoriasis after undergoing adenotonsillectomy, and both were completely free of psoriatic outbreaks after 16 months of follow-up. We conclude that tonsillectomy appears to be of benefit in the treatment of children with recurrent guttate psoriasis and recurrent streptococcal pharyngotonsillitis, and we hope that further investigation will be undertaken. ( info)

2/158. lemierre syndrome and acute mastoiditis.

    lemierre syndrome seldom follows an episode of pharyngotonsillitis. Characteristically, it is comprised of septic thrombosis of the internal jugular vein and bacteremia, leading to lung emboli and metastatic abscess formation. We describe lemierre syndrome that complicates an acute mastoiditis, with considerations regarding its pathogenesis and management. Despite its sporadic occurrence, awareness of lemierre syndrome is important, since early recognition reduces both the morbidity and mortality associated with it. ( info)

3/158. Two cases of chronic tonsillitis studied by FDG-PET.

    We report two cases of chronic tonsillitis studied by FDG-PET. Symmetrical high FDG uptake by the tonsils was observed in both cases. On histopathologic examination of the resected tonsils, follicular hyperplasia was observed with proliferation of lymphocytes in the germinal centers. Increased glucose metabolism in active inflammation involving lymphocyte proliferation was thought to be a cause of high FDG uptake by tonsils in chronic tonsillitis. ( info)

4/158. Keratonodular tonsillitis.

    Reported is an unusual lesion on the right palatine tonsil in a man with latent primary syphilis. The lesion was white, nodular, firm, and asymptomatic, and histologically had a keratinized surface; it was not caused by primary syphilis or any other known or described entity. The term keratonodular tonsillitis has been coined to designate this lesion of unknown cause or significance. ( info)

5/158. Bilateral secondary syphilis of the tonsil.

    A patient with bilateral tonsillar enlargement secondary to syphilis is presented. Clinical appearance, histological findings and serological tests permitted a correct diagnosis to be obtained, ruling out the suspicion of cancer. ( info)

6/158. Anaerobic septicaemia by fusobacterium necrophorum: Lemierre's syndrome.

    Lemierre's syndrome is characterized by acute pharyngotonsillitis with secondary thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein which is complicated by multiple metastatic foci of infections. This syndrome is caused by fusobacterium necrophorum in healthy young persons and is extremely rare in occurrence. A pre-school child with Lemierre's syndrome is reported. The diagnostic and therapeutic aspects are emphasized in order to sensitize physicians to this uncommon condition. ( info)

7/158. Lingual tonsillectomy for refractory paroxysmal cough.

    Historically, the lingual tonsils are the most neglected members of Waldeyer's ring. They are often overlooked even in a thorough head and neck exam because of their anatomic location and the ambiguous constellation of symptoms which they produce when they are diseased or enlarged. The lingual tonsils have been reported to be associated with a variety of upper aerodigestive tract symptoms including odynophagia, dysphagia, otalgia, globus, halitosis, chronic cough, and dyspnea. Many patients with lingual tonsillar pathology may undergo extensive work-up for some of these non-specific upper airway complaints by their primary physician before referral to an otolaryngologist. Consequently, the diagnosis of lingual tonsillar disease requires a high index of suspicion and a thorough physical exam including evaluation of the tongue base and hypophaynx with indirect mirror or fiberoptic exam. In order to draw attention to this frequently unrecognized entity, we present a case report of a child with chronic cough resulting from lingual tonsillar hypertrophy. ( info)

8/158. Cartilaginous choristoma of the nasopharynx.

    A 21-year-old white male presented with persistent adenoiditis. A computed tomography (CT) scan with contrast was performed and was interpreted as normal. An adenoidectomy was performed, and histologic examination demonstrated the unexpected presence of a mature island of hyaline cartilage surrounded by lymphoid hyperplasia. The nature of this anomaly is considered in respect to the embryological development of the base of the skull and nasopharynx. ( info)

9/158. Lemierre's syndrome: a complication of acute oropharyngitis.

    Lemierre's syndrome is a recognized but infrequently seen complication of acute oropharyngitis. In this case report the patient presented with acute sore throat that led to a bacteraemia with internal jugular vein thrombosis and subsequent cranial nerve palsies. ( info)

10/158. Early antibiotic treatment may prevent complete development of Lemierre's syndrome: experience from 2 cases.

    Lemierre's syndrome is a rare fulminant condition caused by an acute oropharyngeal infection, with secondary septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein complicated by multiple metastatic infections. Herein we report 2 patients with internal jugular vein thrombosis secondary to oropharyngeal infection, whose clinical course was indolent, and who were asymptomatic shortly after antibiotic therapy was begun. Careful examination of the neck in patients presenting with sore throat could help identify the typical 'cord sign'. In such cases, intravenous antibiotic treatment should be started as soon as possible to prevent development of metastatic infections and septicaemia characterizing Lemierre's syndrome. ( info)
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