Cases reported "uterine perforation"

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1/106. Generalized peritonitis with pneumoperitoneum caused by the spontaneous perforation of pyometra without malignancy: report of a case.

    Spontaneous perforation is a very rare complication of pyometra. We report herein the case of an 88-year-old woman who presented with muscular rigidity and free air on abdominal X-ray films. Perforation of the gastrointestinal tract was diagnosed preoperatively, and an emergency laparotomy was performed. A total hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy was carried out under the diagnosis of generalized peritonitis caused by the spontaneous perforation of pyometra. The culture of purulent fluid from the abdominal cavity showed only escherichia coli, with no anaerobic bacteria. Histological examination revealed pyometra with necrosis of the endometrium and no evidence of malignancy. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 68 without any major complications. pyometra is an unusual cause of peritonitis, but it must be considered as a possible diagnosis in elderly women presenting with an acute abdomen. Following this case report, we discuss the problems associated with establishing a correct preoperative diagnosis of generalized peritonitis caused by the spontaneous perforation of pyometra. ( info)

2/106. Late uterine perforation with an anchored IUD, the Gynefix: a case report.

    A case of uterine perforation which occurred two months after the insertion of a Gynefix, a frameless filiform copper intrauterine device fixed into the fundal myometrium is described. Laparoscopic removal of the device had to be performed. The incidence of this complication is unknown. The appropriateness or need of assessing echo-graphically the myometrial thickness before the insertion and of controlling its correct position after the insertion remains uncertain. ( info)

3/106. uterine perforation resulting in bowel infarction: sharp traumatic bowel and mesenteric injury at the time of pregnancy termination.

    BACKGROUND: By law, elective terminations of pregnancy are not performed in U.S. military institutions. However, in the civilian sector, more than a million abortions are performed each year, some of which are on military beneficiaries. Although complications are relatively rare, patients not uncommonly present for follow-up care to their military installation. We report the case of a patient who presented after a second-trimester elective abortion and was found to have suffered uterine perforation with mesenteric and bowel injury that required bowel resection. CASE: An 18-year-old gravida 1 para 0 female presented from an outlying facility 1 week after elective termination at 18 weeks of gestation with complaints of severe abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. Exploratory laparotomy for presumed bowel obstruction revealed uterine perforation and bowel devitalization and necrosis, which required small bowel resection. Fetal bones were discovered within the surgical specimen. CONCLUSION: Morbid, even potentially fatal, complications can occur as a result of pregnancy termination. With second-trimester procedures, perforation can result in injury to abdominal viscera from the perforating instruments or even from sharp fetal bony structures. Military gynecologic surgeons, who are not in abortion practice, must nevertheless be cognizant of the potential for perforation leading to serious visceral injury. ( info)

4/106. Amenorrhoea despite displaced levonorgestrel intra-uterine system.

    ( info)

5/106. Generalized peritonitis due to spontaneously perforated pyometra presenting as pneumoperitoneum: report of a case.

    We report a rare case of generalized peritonitis due to a ruptured pyometra in an 86-year-old woman, and also conduct a review of the previous Japanese literature. The patient presented with muscle guarding and rebound tenderness. Computed tomography (CT) disclosed a cystic mass in the peritoneal cavity, in which an air-fluid level was noted. pneumoperitoneum around the uterus due to gas production of anaerobic bacteria was noted on a CT. At laparotomy, the uterus was markedly enlarged with a necrotic area on the uterine fundus, which was found to be perforated. A supravaginal hysterectomy and drainage were performed. We found only eight cases of a ruptured pyometra presenting as pneumoperitoneum in the Japanese literature between 1977 and 1999. The most common cause of pneumoperitoneum is a perforation of the gastrointestinal tract. However, other possible causes, as seen in our patient, should also be taken into consideration. Although it is rare, a perforated pyometra should therefore also be considered when elderly women present with acute abdominal pain. ( info)

6/106. Perforation of uterus by the GyneFix intrauterine contraceptive device.

    A case of intrauterine perforation by a GyneFix contraceptive device in a 29-year-old parous woman is described. It is the first report of uterine perforation by the frameless, anchored GyneFix in the UK since its introduction here in 1997. Perforation was diagnosed 12 days after insertion and was complicated by visceral perforation and infection. ( info)

7/106. uterine perforation with Lippes loop intrauterine device-associated actinomycosis: a case report and review of the literature.

    A case of a 67-year-old postmenopausal woman, gravida 2, para 2, with an uterine perforation from actinomycotic infection with Lippes loop IUD is reported. She had the Lippes loop IUD inserted for 35 years, and had never had any pelvic examination nor Papanicolaou smear. She presented with acute abdominal pain. The clinical picture mimicked peptic ulcer perforation. The woman underwent laparotomy and exudative fluid was discovered in the abdominal cavity with the tip of the Lippes loop IUD at one of the two small holes of the uterine fundus. Total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy was performed. The postoperative microscopic pathological report demonstrated characteristics of actinomycosis. She was treated with parenteral high-dose penicillin for 4 weeks followed by oral penicillin for 6 months. The woman had an uneventful recovery. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of uterine perforation due to Lippes loop IUD-associated actinomycotic infection. ( info)

8/106. Laparoscopic removal of a perforated intrauterine device from the perirectal fat.

    BACKGROUND: The intrauterine device (IUD) was a very common form of birth control in the united states. The most serious potential complication of IUD use is uterine perforation. uterine perforation is common among women with "lost" IUDs and can cause severe morbidity and mortality and should be carefully managed. The recommended treatment is removal of the perforating IUD. This can usually be managed laparoscopically unless bowel perforation or other severe sepsis is present. methods: An intra-abdominal IUD was removed laparoscopically from the perirectal fat of a 49-year-old woman who had been diagnosed over 20 years earlier with an "expelled" IUD. CONCLUSIONS: It is important that the possibility of uterine perforation be considered in anyone who has had a diagnosis of an expelled IUD without actual confirmation that the IUD is no longer present in the body. In any woman who presents with pelvic pain and a history of a "lost" IUD, the surgeon should have a high index of suspicion and obtain radiological studies. It may be advisable to question women about possible IUD use when they present with pelvic pain of unknown origin. ( info)

9/106. Translocation of a copper 7 intra-uterine contraceptive device with subsequent penetration of the caecum: case report and review.

    A case of translocated copper 7 intra-uterine contraceptive device with impending caecal penetration is reported and discussed. ( info)

10/106. Spontaneous uterine perforation from uterine infarction: a rare case of acute abdomen.

    A case of spontaneous uterine perforation from uterine infarction is presented. The authors believe that this is the first reported case. ( info)
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