Cases reported "Uveitis, Anterior"

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1/297. Recurrent anterior uveitis associated with streptococcal pharyngitis in a patient with a history of poststreptococcal syndrome.

    PURPOSE: To provide additional evidence that anterior uveitis can be a manifestation of poststreptococcal syndrome. METHOD: A case report providing follow-up information on a previously described patient. RESULTS: An adolescent girl in whom anterior uveitis was the only manifestation of poststreptococcal syndrome subsequently developed recurrent anterior uveitis after another episode of streptococcal pharyngitis. CONCLUSION: Anterior uveitis can recur in a manner similar to other manifestations of poststreptococcal syndrome after reinfection with group A streptococci. ( info)

2/297. Anterior segment ischemia and sector iris atrophy: after strabismus surgery in a patient with chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

    A 69-year-old woman with chronic lymphocytic leukemia developed segmental iris atrophy and iridocyclitis after routine surgery for exotropia. Both the clinical picture and fluorescein angiogram indicated anterior segment ischemia. It is postulated that this was related to hyperviscosity of the blood caused by a high white blood cell count (114,000/cu mm). The possibility of anterior segment ischemia should be kept in mind when contemplating strabismus or retinal detachment surgery in the presence of hematologic disorders likely to increase blood viscosity. In these cases a minimal amount of surgery should be done with proper supportive therapy. strabismus surgery should be done in stages allowing for hemodynamic compensation between procedures. ( info)

3/297. Uveitis associated with varicella virus vaccine.

    PURPOSE: To report a case of uveitis associated with the live attenuated varicella virus vaccine (Varivax; Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, pennsylvania) in a young, otherwise healthy girl. methods: The time of onset of uveitis in relation to vaccination and the number and the pattern of distribution of vesicles were noted. The patient received oral acyclovir and topical steroids and cycloplegic drops. RESULTS: The uveitis and vesicular rash improved significantly after 7 days of treatment. A literature review and communications with the drug's manufacturer disclosed no identifiable previous cases of uveitis associated with Varivax. CONCLUSIONS: Uveitis should be recognized as a possible adverse side effect of the varicella vaccine. ( info)

4/297. Anterior uveitis associated with mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia: a case report.

    The authors report a case of bilateral uveitis following mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia verified by IgM and rising IgG antibodies against the organism. Uveitis is a rare manifestation of mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia and since it is a common pathogen, it should be considered in the differential diagnosis, even in the absence of respiratory symptoms or neurological findings. Immunobiological hypotheses are briefly discussed. ( info)

5/297. Histopathological findings in proliferative membrane from a patient with sarcoid uveitis.

    BACKGROUND: Sarcoid uveitis is occasionally accompanied by proliferative changes, such as retinal neovascularization and vitreous hemorrhage. Steroid administration, retinal photocoagulation, and vitrectomy may be indicated in such proliferative cases. CASE: A 19-year-old woman presented with proliferative sarcoid uveitis accompanied by recurrent vitreous hemorrhage. OBSERVATIONS: At the initial examination, bilateral vitreous opacity, retinal exudates, mild vitreous hemorrhage, retinal vasculitis, and neovascularization of the retina and optic disc were observed. Although prednisolone was administered and panretinal photocoagulation was performed several times, recurrent vitreous hemorrhage continued. Since the vitreous hemorrhage was not absorbed, pars plana vitrectomy and lensectomy were performed. After surgery, neovascularization and intraocular inflammation decreased, and the corrected visual acuity in the right eye improved to 20/50. Histopathologic analysis of the proliferative membrane removed during surgery revealed substantial neovascularization and numerous neutrophils in the vessels. CONCLUSIONS: Based on these findings, an inflammatory reaction as well as retinal ischemia were thought to be involved in the proliferative changes in this patient. ( info)

6/297. sarcoidosis-related anterior uveitis in a patient with human immunodeficiency virus.

    BACKGROUND: This is the first ophthalmic report--to our knowledge--of an anterior uveitis secondary to sarcoidosis in a patient infected with human immunodeficiency virus (hiv). Other reported causes of uveitis in hiv-infected patients have included hiv, herpes zoster, tuberculosis, syphilis, toxoplasmosis, cryptococcus, rifabutin prophylaxis for mycobacterium, and protease inhibitors such as ritonavir and indinavir. Uveitis secondary to sarcoidosis in the non-hiv population is classically seen in young, female, African-American patients. There are rare reports, found exclusively in the pulmonary literature, of sarcoidosis in hiv-infected patients. CASE REPORT: A 38-year-old African-American male infected with hiv was treated for chronic recurrent anterior uveitis secondary to sarcoidosis. His sarcoidosis was diagnosed 1 month earlier, along with the onset of his uveitis. During the previous 6 years he has been treated with anti-hiv antivirals as well as prophylaxis for opportunistic infections. To date, his infectious disease specialist continues to treat his hiv and systemic sarcoidosis. CONCLUSION: patients with hiv infection in whom sarcoidosis with secondary uveitis develops are very rare. Management of these patients requires careful use of topical and oral steroidal anti-inflammatories to control ocular and systemic sequelae of sarcoidosis. This case initiates some interesting questions about the immunology of sarcoidosis and its presence in immunocompromised patients. Use of steroids in an immunocompromised patient is clinically complex. Further clinical study is needed to elicit the full clinical significance of sarcoidosis and hiv infection. ( info)

7/297. Recurrent anterior uveitis and glaucoma associated with inadvertent entry of ointment into the anterior chamber after radial keratotomy.

    Anterior uveitis and elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) occurred after radial keratotomy that was complicated by microperforation and penetration of antibiotic ophthalmic ointment into the anterior chamber. Anterior uveitis and IOP elevation were observed during the early postoperative follow-up and 41 and 61 months after surgery. All 3 attacks responded well to topical anti-inflammatory and antiglaucoma treatment. The probable causes of the uveitis and glaucoma in this case are discussed. ( info)

8/297. The spectrum of ocular inflammation caused by euphorbia plant sap.

    OBJECTIVE: To report the spectrum of clinical findings in patients with ocular inflammation caused by plant sap from euphorbia species. DESIGN: Clinical case series. SETTING: ophthalmology emergency referrals in the United Kingdom. patients: We examined 7 patients, all of whom gave a history of recent ocular exposure to the sap of euphorbia species. INTERVENTIONS: All patients were treated with antibiotic drops or ointment (chloramphenicol). Cycloplegic and steroid drops were also used for some patients. patients were observed until all signs and symptoms had resolved. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Symptoms, visual acuity, and clinical signs of inflammation. All patients provided a specimen of the plant for formal identification. RESULTS: Initial symptoms were generally burning or stinging pain with blurred vision. In most cases, visual acuity was reduced between 1 and 2 Snellen lines. In 1 patient with age-related maculopathy, acuity dropped from 20/80 to hand motions before recovering. Clinical findings varied from a mild epithelial keratoconjunctivitis to a severe keratitis with stromal edema, epithelial sloughing, and anterior uveitis. All signs and symptoms had resolved by 1 to 2 weeks. CONCLUSIONS: These cases illustrate the range of severity of euphorbia sap keratouveitis. The condition seems to be self-limiting when managed supportively. People who work with euphorbia plant species should wear eye protection. Clinicians managing keratopathy caused by euphorbia species should be aware of the danger of sight-threatening infection and uveitis, particularly during the first few days. ( info)

9/297. Anterior uveitis as the initial sign of adult Kawasaki syndrome (mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome).

    PURPOSE: To report anterior uveitis as the initial sign of adult Kawasaki syndrome (mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome). methods: Case report. RESULTS: Kawasaki syndrome was diagnosed in an 18-year-old woman with reduction of vision caused by anterior uveitis, fever, erythemateous cutaneous rash, conjunctival injection, and cervical lymph adenopathy, after medical examination including serologic tests. aspirin and intravenous immunoglobulin were given, resulting in improvement of the condition. CONCLUSION: Slit-lamp examination should be useful in the evaluation of patients with suspected Kawasaki syndrome, differentiating this condition from streptococcal and staphylococcal toxin-mediated diseases, viral infections, and drug reactions, not commonly associated with anterior uveitis. ( info)

10/297. Immunomodulatory therapy for chronic tubulointerstitial nephritis-associated uveitis.

    PURPOSE: To describe the clinical course and treatment with immunomodulatory agents in patients with tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis syndrome. methods: Retrospective analysis of the charts of six patients with tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis syndrome. RESULTS: The mean ( /-SD) age was 24.3 ( /-16.5) years, range 13 to 49 years. Four patients were children, and two were adults. Three were men, and three were women. Five of the six patients had anterior uveitis, and one had panuveitis. All patients had several relapses despite treatment with topical, regional, and oral steroids and methotrexate in one case. The introduction or modification of immunosuppressants (methotrexate, azathioprine, or cyclosporin A) achieved control of the uveitis and prevented relapses over a mean ( /-SD) follow-up period of 19.66 ( /-10.01) months, range 6 to 34 months. No treatment-related side effects were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis syndrome is a distinct disease entity in which the nephritis typically resolves, but the uveitis often becomes chronic and is treatment resistant. Immunomodulatory agents can achieve control of the inflammation and prevent relapses. ( info)
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