Cases reported "varicose veins"

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1/565. Embolia cutis medicamentosa of the foot after sclerotherapy.

    Typically, embolia cutis medicamentosa is reported after intramuscular injections of drugs. We describe a case of embolia cutis medicamentosa after sclerotherapy of intracutaneous veins of the foot with a polidocanol solution of 1%. Under therapy with intravenous alprostadil, pentoxifyllin, internal steroids and anticoagulation with heparin, the lesions healed completely without necrosis. ( info)

2/565. Intrafibular varix: MR diagnosis.

    We describe a case of a surgically proven intraosseous venous anomaly of the fibula in a patient who presented with ankle pain and swelling with deep venous thrombosis. MRI, including gadolinium-enhanced MR angiography, provides a less invasive means than conventional venography for diagnosing these lesions and assessing venous patency while also allowing for evaluation of extravascular structures. ( info)

3/565. Ileal varices associated with recurrent bleeding in a patient with liver cirrhosis.

    We report a rare case of massive and recurrent bleeding from ileal varices in a patient with hepatitis c virus-positive liver cirrhosis. A 66-year old woman, who had undergone laparotomy and blood transfusion 36 years before (because of an extrauterine pregnancy) and endoscopic sclerotherapy for esophageal varices 1 year previously, was admitted to our hospital with loss of bright red blood per rectum. The bleeding was massive and recurrent, and frequent blood transfusions were required. Endoscopic studies failed to find the bleeding site. In the venous phase of selective superior mesenteric angiography, mesenteric varices in the lower part of the abdominal cavity were observed. laparotomy was performed to control the repeated bleeding which had lasted for more than 1 month. Varices communicating with the right ovarian vein were found on the ileal wall and segmental resection of the ileum was performed. Histological examination demonstrated a massive varicose vein and several dilated veins in the submucosa. The patient's postoperative course was favorable, with no hemorrhagic events during a follow-up of more than 6 months after surgery. Ileal varices should be considered in the diagnosis of a patient who presents with lower gastrointestinal bleeding and portal hypertension. ( info)

4/565. Temporary arterio-venous shunts to dilate saphenous crossover graft and maintain graft patency.

    A modification of the Palma operation is described in a 25-year-old man with impaired venous outflow of the right leg. After a phlebitic occlusion of the right superficial femoral and external iliac veins he had been operated on twice for varicose veins. The result of these operations was a serious outflow stasis of the right leg during exercise. A saphenous cross-over graft to the right popliteal vein was constructed. Preoperatively a temporary arterio-venous shunt between the left posterior tibial artery and the great saphenous vein had been made in order to increase the diameter of the saphenous vein. Three months later the dilated saphenous vein was resected at the level of the sapheno-tibial artery shunt and anastomosed to the popliteal vein of the right leg. The cross-over graft occluded several times during this operation. A temporary popliteo-popliteal arterio-venous shunt was established distally to the sapheno-popliteal anastomosis to keep the vein graft patent. This second arterio-venous shunt was resected after three months. Venography one month later showed that the vein graft was patent. The patient's complaints had disappeared one month after the operation and a normalization of his venous outflow was recorded plethysmographically. The graft has remained patent during an observation time of eighteen months. ( info)

5/565. Bockenheimer's syndrome.

    A case of a very extensive form of the rare Bockenheimer's syndrome (genuine diffuse phlebectasia) in a 45-year-old female patient is presented. The subject presented phlebectasias of the upper right leg, the vulva and the right side of the abdomen. The diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities for cases of patients with Bockenheimer's syndrome are described. ( info)

6/565. Endoscopic management of bleeding ectopic varices with histoacryl.

    Bleeding from antral and duodenal varices is an uncommon feature in patients with portal hypertension. We report a patient with cirrhosis and portal vein thrombosis, who had a massive bleed from antral and duodenal varices. Bleeding was controlled with endoscopic injection of varices using histoacryl. Endoscopic treatment and the relatively uncommon occurrence of antral and duodenal varices are highlighted. ( info)

7/565. Asymptomatic ureteral varices: detection by Doppler sonography.

    Retroperitoneal ectatic or varicose veins may cause ureteral extrinsic pressure defects. Doppler sonography may be helpful in the characterization of these vascular lesions. We report the sonographic findings in a case of asymptomatic idiopathic left ureteral varices. ( info)

8/565. Acute massive pulmonary embolism following high ligation combined with compression sclerotherapy for varicose veins report of a case.

    A case of acute pulmonary embolism following high ligation and compression sclerotherapy for varicose veins is reported. A 54-year-old women developed superficial varicosities and stasis pigmentation on her left leg 1 year prior to her first visit to hospital. No deep vein thrombosis was detected by ascending phlebography performed 3 months prior to operation. High ligation combined with compression sclerotherapy was performed for the varicose veins. One day after treatment, the patient complained of chest pain and discomfort, and then collapsed. perfusion scintigraphy revealed multiple embolisms in the bilateral lungs. The patient recovered after aggressive anticoagulant and thrombolytic therapy. Although pulmonary embolism is a rare complication of sclerotherapy, it is potentially one of the most serious. ( info)

9/565. Jugular phlebectasia.

    A patient, 5 years of age, presented with a swelling on the right side of the neck. ultrasonography and computed tomography confirmed a diagnosis of phlebectasia of the right internal jugular vein (IJV). The patient underwent operation and the dilated IJV was excised. dilatation of the IJV with a Valsalva maneuver suggested a mechanical obstruction in the neck or mediastinum. However, the exact cause is still unknown. Finally, we found the patient to have a thinning of the wall but no other associated abnormality. ( info)

10/565. Ruptured duodenal varices: an autopsy case report.

    Bleeding from duodenal varices is a rare and life-threatening complication of cirrhosis. The diagnosis and management of this disease remains problematic. We herein report an autopsy case of a patient who suffered from recurrent bleeding from duodenal varices. A 48 year-old man with cirrhosis presented with upper gastrointestinal bleeding. He had three episodes of massive melena during the 6 months prior to admission. However, the source of bleeding was not known. Emergent endoscopy revealed jet bleeding from varices in the second to third portion of the duodenum. Endoscopic ethanol injection sclerotherapy was attempted but rebleeding occurred and the patient died. ( info)
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