Filter by keywords:

Retrieving documents. Please wait...

1/412. basilar artery occlusion due to spontaneous basilar artery dissection in a child.

    basilar artery occlusion (BAO) causing brainstem infarction occurred in a 7-year-old boy without any basic disorders. A diagnosis of BAO due to basilar artery dissection (BAD) was suspected at angiography, and this was confirmed by gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). These investigations clearly showed all the typical diagnostic signs such as a pseudolumen, double lumen and intimal flap, and a pseudolumen in resolution. The spontaneous healing of the dissection was clearly demonstrated during 10 months of follow-up. We stress that BAD can occur in young children and that combined diagnosis with gadolinium-enhanced MRI and angiography is conclusive for diagnosis of dissecting aneurysms. Wider use of these combined diagnostic methods will allow the detection of less severe basilar artery dissection, thus extending the spectrum of presentation and prognosis. ( info)

2/412. Bilateral vertebral artery occlusion following cervical spine trauma--case report.

    A 41-year-old female presented with a rare case of bilateral vertebral artery occlusion following C5-6 cervical spine subluxation after a fall of 30 feet. Digital subtraction angiography showed occlusion of the bilateral vertebral arteries. Unlocking of the facet joint, posterior wiring with iliac crest grafting, and anterior fusion were performed. The patient died on the 3rd day after the operation. This type of injury has a grim prognosis with less than a third of the patients achieving a good outcome. ( info)

3/412. magnetic resonance angiography in vertebrobasilar ischemia. Preliminary experience.

    Forty-five patients were evaluated for vertebrobasilar ischemic disease by magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). Ten also underwent intraarterial digital subtraction angiography. All were sorted into three groups based on results of the MRA and their clinical presentation. In the first group, vertebrobasilar ischemic disease could be reasonably excluded. In the second, such disease was nearly certain. In the third group, the vertebrobasilar system could not readily be assessed by the MRA alone and often required further studies. In 8 of 10 patients a strong correlation was found between MRA and intraarterial digital subtraction angiography. MRA provided valuable information for assessing vertebrobasilar disease and, in many instances, eliminated the need for invasive angiography. ( info)

4/412. Positional vertebrobasilar transient ischaemic attacks treated with vertebral angioplasty.

    We report the case of a man presenting with a brain-stem stroke from which he recovered fully, who developed right-sided weakness and numbness on walking despite no demonstrable postural fall in arterial blood pressure. Angiography revealed an occluded left vertebral artery, a tight stenosis at the origin of the right vertebral artery and non-patent left posterior communicating artery. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty to the right vertebral stenosis results in a good angiographic result, and remission of symptoms which has persisted for 1 year. Identification of such patients with vertebrobasilar positional haemodynamic symptoms due to a focal stenosis is important as angioplasty offers an effective therapeutic option. ( info)

5/412. Successful cerebral artery stent placement for total occlusion of the vertebrobasilar artery in a patient suffering from acute stroke. Case report.

    A 64-year-old man suffering from crescendo brainstem symptoms due to acute total occlusion of the vertebrobasilar artery was successfully treated by cerebral artery stent placement. The total occlusion of a long segment of the vertebrobasilar artery was completely recanalized by implanting two flexible, balloon-expandable coronary stents. The patient's clinical outcome 30 days later was favorable. No complications occurred during or after the procedure. This therapeutic option may prove to be a useful means to revascularize an acute total occlusion of the vertebrobasilar artery. ( info)

6/412. Direct surgery of basilar trunk and vertebrobasilar junction aneurysms via the combined transpetrosal approach.

    Surgical access to aneurysms of the basilar trunk and vertebrobasilar junction is hampered by their direct proximity of these lesions to highly vulnerable neural structures like the brain stem and cranial nerves, as well by the bony structure of the petrous bone blocking the direct surgical approach to these aneurysms. Only recently lateral approaches directed through parts of the petrous bone have been reported for surgery of basilar trunk and vertebrobasilar junction aneurysms like the anterior transpetrosal, the retrolabyrinthine transsigmoid, as well as the combined supra-infratentorial posterior transpetrosal approach. As experience in the use of this approach is limited in the neurosurgical literature we present our surgical experiences in 11 patients with basilar trunk and vertebrobasilar junction aneurysms, operated on using the supra-infratentorial posterior transpetrosal approach. In 10 patients, including one patient with a giant partially thrombosed basilar trunk aneurysm, direct clipping of the aneurysm via the transpetrosal route was possible. In one patient with a giant vertebrobasilar junction aneurysm, the completely calcified aneurysm sac was resected after occlusion of the vertebral artery. Of the whole series, one patient died and in three patients postoperative accentuation of preexisting cranial nerve deficits occurred. Except transient cerebrospinal fluid leak in two patients, the postoperative course was uneventful in the remaining patients. Postoperative angiography demonstrated complete aneurysm clipping in ten patients and relief of preoperative brain stem compression in the patient with the giant vertebrobasilar junction aneurysm. It is concluded, that the supra-infratentorial posterior transpetrosal approach allows excellent access to the basilar artery trunk and vertebrobasilar junction and can be considered the approach of choice to selected aneurysms located in this area. ( info)

7/412. Cerebrovascular reserve before and after vertebral artery angioplasty.

    The selection of patients with severe vertebrobasilar artery stenosis for angioplasty is based mainly on clinical experience rather than on controlled data. We present a patient with severe vertebral artery stenosis in whom we could document the positive effect of angioplasty on posterior circulation hemodynamics by using transcranial Doppler sonography. ( info)

8/412. Local intra-arterial fibrinolysis without arterial occlusion?

    Local intra-arterial fibrinolysis (LIF) is the best choice at present for treatment of acute vessel occlusion in the vertebrobasilar territory and also, in selected cases, in the carotid territory. In almost all cases angiography demonstrates the site of occlusion exactly and gives information about collateral circulation. Contrary to this common approach, we report five patients with severe acute thromboembolic stroke in whom angiography revealed no occlusion of relevant arteries or their main branches. Under the hypothesis of persisting occlusion of perforating arteries to the brain stem we performed LIF in patients with a clinical basilar artery syndrome. Outcome in all but one of them was good following LIF. The clinical details are described and possible reasons discussed. ( info)

9/412. Persistent primitive hypoglossal artery associated with cerebral aneurysm and cervical internal carotid artery stenosis--case report.

    A 71-year-old female had vertigo attacks once or twice a day secondary to vertebrobasilar insufficiency. Left carotid angiography revealed persistent primitive hypoglossal artery (PPHA) associated with a large internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysm and severe stenosis of the ICA. The bilateral vertebral arteries were hypoplastic. The basilar artery was opacified via the PPHA but not via vertebral arteries. Clipping of the aneurysm was performed first because the risk of rupture of the aneurysm was not negligible. One month after clipping, carotid endarterectomy using a T-shaped shunt system was successfully performed. The postoperative course was uneventful and the vertebrobasilar ischemic attacks did not recur. Left carotid angiography demonstrated complete obliteration of the aneurysm and disappearance of the carotid artery stenosis. Low ICA flow (70 ml/min) and low stump pressure of the PPHA (25 mmHg) strongly suggested low perfusion of the posterior circulation. Carotid endarterectomy may be essential for augmentation of the posterior circulation in patients with PPHA associated with ICA stenosis. ( info)

10/412. Treatment of posterior circulation ischemia with extracranial percutaneous balloon angioplasty and stent placement.

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Vertebrobasilar territory ischemia (VBI) leads to disabling neurological symptoms and poses a risk for stroke by an embolic or flow-related mechanism. We present our clinical experience in the endovascular treatment of patients with symptomatic VBI from severe atherosclerosis or dissection of the vertebral and subclavian arteries that was unresponsive to medical therapy. methods: Twenty-one patients (9 female, 12 male) with a mean age of 65.7 years (range 47 to 81 years) underwent treatment with percutaneous endovascular balloon angioplasty and stent placement. Sixteen patients (76.2%) had evidence of contralateral involvement, and 9 (42.8%) demonstrated severe anterior-circulation atherosclerosis. Nine patients had a previous infarct in the occipital lobe, cerebellum, or pons before treatment. Follow-up was available for all patients. RESULTS: Balloon angioplasty with intravascular stent placement was performed in 13 vertebral artery lesions (10 at the origin, 3 in the cervical segment) and in 8 subclavian lesions. The prestenting stenosis was 75% (50% to 100%) and was reduced to 4.5% (0% to 20%) after stenting. Six of the patients with proximal subclavian stenosis demonstrated angiographic evidence of subclavian steal, which resolved in all cases after treatment. All patients showed improvement in symptoms after the procedure except for 1 who developed a hemispheric stroke after thrombotic occlusion of an untreated cavernous carotid artery stenosis (rate of major stroke and mortality=4.8%). One patient (4.8%) had a periprocedural transient ischemic attack (TIA), and none had minor stroke. At long-term follow-up (mean=20.7 /-3.6 months) of the surviving 20 patients, 12 (57.1%) remained symptom-free, 4 (19%) had at most 1 TIA over a 3-month period, 2 (9.5%) had at most 1 TIA per month, and 2 (9.5%) had persistent symptoms. There were no clinically evident infarcts during the follow-up period. CONCLUSIONS: Endovascular treatment using balloon angioplasty with intravascular stent placement for symptomatic stenotic lesions resulting in VBI that is unresponsive to medical therapy appears to be of benefit in this high-risk subset of patients with poor collateral flow. ( info)
| Next ->

Leave a message about 'vertebrobasilar insufficiency'

We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.