Cases reported "Yersinia Infections"

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1/218. Terminal ileitis, mesenteric lymphadenitis and appendicitis due to yersinia pseudotuberculosis type VA: case report.

    A case of terminal ileitis, mesenteric lymphadenitis and appendicitis is reported. Serological studies indicated infection with yersinia pseudotuberculosis type VA. The patient's illness ran a chronic course necessitating resection of the terminal ileum. Histological examination of the appendix and a mesenteric lymph node in the acute stage revealed granulomas with central necrosis. This is the first human case in which the subtype VA has been identified. ( info)

2/218. ARDS in a patient with homozygous beta-thalassemia due to yersiniosis.

    We report a case of yersinia enterocolitica sepsis syndrome and the acute respiratory distress syndrome in a chronically transfused adolescent with beta-thalassemia. This manifestation of serious Y. enterocolitica infection has not previously been reported. dyspnea, hypoxia, and fever were the principal features of the clinical presentation. The acute onset of respiratory symptoms occurred after appendectomy. Chest radiographs revealed frontal bilateral infiltrates and alveolar consolidation to three quadrants. Y. enterocolitica was identified from blood and intraoperative appendix cultures. Although there was no need for mechanical ventilation, a remarkable persistence of clinical and X-ray findings was noted. Therapy with high levels of oxygen, and intravenous amikacin and piperacillin/tazobactam led to a favorable outcome. ( info)

3/218. Yersinia enterocolitis mimicking Crohn's disease in a toddler.

    A 31/2-year-old girl presented with persistent abdominal pain, fever, vomiting, and diarrhea accompanied by rash, oral ulceration, anemia, and an elevated sedimentation rate. Initial evaluation revealed no pathogens and was extended to include abdominal ultrasound and computed tomography showing marked ileocecal edema and mesenteric adenopathy. colonoscopy revealed focal ulceration from rectum to cecum with histology of severe active colitis with mild chronic changes. Enteroclysis demonstrated a nodular, edematous terminal ileum. Because of the patient's clinical deterioration despite antibiotics, these features were construed consistent with Crohn's disease, and glucocorticoid therapy was begun. By the ninth hospital day, admission cultures grew yersinia enterocolitica, and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole was begun followed by prompt clinical improvement. The delay in diagnosis afforded an unusually comprehensive clinical description of the presentation and diagnosis of Yersinia enterocolitis in childhood. ( info)

4/218. Clinical and experimental evidence for persistent Yersinia infection in reactive arthritis.

    The findings of bacterial antigens in the joint and persistent triggering infection elsewhere in the body are thought to be important in the pathogenesis of reactive arthritis (ReA). We describe a patient with clinical and laboratory features consistent with this. The initial presentation with erythema nodosum and periarthritis due to infection with yersinia pseudotuberculosis IV was followed 13 months later by recurrent erythema nodosum with joint effusion. At that time, synovial fluid was shown to contain Yersinia antigens, and, surprisingly, Yersinia-specific 16S ribosomal rna (rRNA) sequences were also identified by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and sequencing. Since there was no serologic evidence of reinfection, we postulate that a silent persistent Yersinia infection was reactivated, leading to dissemination of organisms to the joint, with consequent induction of ReA. Although the finding of synovial Yersinia antigens years after the original infection in ReA has previously been reported, the presence of Yersinia 16S rRNA indicates that viable organisms were also able to reach the joint. ( info)

5/218. Generic polymerase chain reaction followed by DNA sequencing as a means of diagnosing bacteraemia.

    There is increasing use of polymerase chain reaction techniques to diagnose infection. We report the use of polymerase chain reaction using a generic section of the bacterial 16S rDNA gene--followed by nucleotide sequencing--to determine the species of the infecting bacteria. In the first case, the clinical and microbiological diagnosis of meningococcal septicaemia was in agreement with the results from polymerase chain reaction technique. In the second case, a Yersinia enterocolitica bacteremia was detected by the polymerase chain reaction technique, but missed with conventional blood culture techniques. ( info)

6/218. Bacteriological and serological findings in a further case of transfusion-mediated yersinia enterocolitica sepsis.

    A 13-year-old patient developed severe shock due to administration of a Yersinia enterocolitica-contaminated red blood cell concentrate. Y. enterocolitica (serotype O:9, biotype II) was cultivated from the residual blood in the blood bag and from a stool sample of the blood donor. In the donor's plasma immunoglobulin m (IgM), IgA, and IgG antibodies against Yersinia outer proteins (YopM, -H, -D, and -E) were found. Since the donor remembered a short-lasting, mild diarrhea 14 days prior to blood donation, a transient attack of Yersinia enteritis may be associated with a longer than expected period of asymptomatic bacteremia that causes contamination of donor blood. Serological screening for IgM antibodies against Yersinia outer proteins might offer a way to reduce the risk of transfusion-associated Y. enterocolitica sepsis. ( info)

7/218. yersinia enterocolitica infection with multiple liver abscesses uncovering a primary hemochromatosis.

    A 60-year-old man, although treated with antibiotics, suffered from a severe pyrexial illness of unknown origin, weight loss and intermittent abdominal pain. There was no history of diarrhea or common infections. Computed tomography and ultrasound imaging showed uncharacteristic multiple small lesions of the entire liver parenchyma. These lesions were histologically pyogenic abscesses. In addition, an unexpected, pronounced accumulation of iron pigment in hepatocytes and second degree fibrotic changes of the liver were detected. serum iron and serum transferrin were low, but serum ferritin concentration and transferrin saturation were increased to the maximum. The demonstration of the cysteine-282-tyrosine mutation confirmed underlying primary hemochromatosis. Bacteriological cultures of the abscess material yielded yersinia enterocolitica serotype O:3, while stool and blood cultures were negative. Antibiotic therapy with piperacillin/tazobactam and tobramycin was successful within a few days. A repeat CT scan and ultrasound imaging demonstrated complete regression of the pathologic liver morphology. The patient was discharged and treated with an orally administered fluoroquinolone for an additional 6 months. After this time the patient had no morphological residues of the infection except one enlarged lymph node near the portal vein but still was so weak that he was unable to work again. In conclusion, severe septic forms of yersiniosis are mainly found in patients with iron overload, due to a handicapped iron metabolism of the Yersinia bacteria. mortality is high despite treatment. ( info)

8/218. Recognition of yersinia enterocolitica multiple strain infection in twin infants using PCR-based dna fingerprinting.

    AIMS: yersinia enterocolitica causes several syndromes in humans. The most common presentation is enterocolitis in children, presenting as fever and diarrhoea. A Y. enterocolitica multiple strain infection in twin infants was investigated. methods AND RESULTS: One isolate was recovered from one patient and two morphologically-different isolates were recovered from the other infant. Biochemically, all isolates were identified as Y. enterocolitica group. The genomic DNA from each strain was purified and dna fingerprinting was performed. The banding patterns observed for Y. enterocolitica isolates 2 and 3, from patients 1 and 2, respectively, were identical when comparing the presence or absence of major bands. However, Y. enterocolitica isolate 1, from patient 1, showed a distinctive banding pattern from isolates 2 and 3. CONCLUSION: The findings indicate that one infant was colonized by more than one strain of Y. enterocolitica, demonstrating that multiple strains can colonize and invade a patient. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: Recognition of multiple strain infections can be important in diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of Y. enterocolitica infections, as well as in disease epidemiology. The technique described here offers a straightforward method for strain comparison. ( info)

9/218. Multiple hepatic abscesses due to yersinia enterocolitica infection secondary to primary haemochromatosis.

    A case of hepatic abscesses due to yersinia enterocolitica in an immunocompetent male is presented. Re-examination after 3 months showed that the patient had primary haemochromatosis. Treatment with repeated phlebotomies was instituted. Two years after the patient was first admitted to hospital. 17.2 g iron had been removed and all haematological and biochemical parameters had returned to normal. Genetic analysis of the patients' two sons showed that one was positive for the chromosome defect found in primary haemochromatosis; further investigation is under progress. A study of the literature showed that prior to this case only 45 cases of hepatic abscess secondary to yersinia enterocolitica have been registered. Of the 45 reported cases, 64% had underlying haemochromatosis and 29% had diabetes mellitus. The overall mortality was 31%. mortality before 1987 was 60% (n = 20) and since 1987 it has been 8% (n = 25). ( info)

10/218. Case report: an unusual presentation of yersinia enterocolitica infection.

    We report on a 30-year-old Dutch marine who was stationed in eritrea and who was repatriated because of acute paralytic small-bowel ileus. The disease course was short and without signs of infection. After diagnostic work-up, we diagnosed yersinia enterocolitica infection. To our knowledge this is the first reported case of yersinia enterocolitica infection causing paralytic ileus in an adult. ( info)
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