What is the connection between malignant neoplasms and crabs?
The more common term for malignant neoplasms, cancer, is Latin for crab, and the word "carcinogen," meaning a cancer-causing agent, comes from the Greek word for crab, "karkinos." What is the connection between these two seemingly unrelated things?
Cancer, both the disease and the astronomical constellation, derive from the Latin cancer or cancrum, meaning crab. The astrological sign, of course, is said to resemble a crab and the disease was so named by the ancient Greek physician Galen (129-200 A.D.) who noted the similarity between a certain type of tumor with a crab as well—the swollen veins around the tumor resembling the legs of a crab.
Old English adopted cancer directly from Latin and used it for a variety of spreading sores and ulcers. This early sense survives in the modern word canker. From c.1000 in a manuscript called Læce Boc (Leech Book), collected in Oswald Cockayne’s Leechdoms, Wortcunning, and Starcraft of Early England, Vol. II, 1865:
Gemeng wið þam dustum, clæm on ðone cancer.
(Mix with the dust, smear on the cancer.)
And from Wyclif’s 2 Timothy, 1382:
The word of hem crepith as a kankir
The word was being applied specifically to the disease we today call cancer by the beginning of the 17th century. From Philemon Holland’s translation of Pliny’s Historie of the World:
Cancer is a swelling or sore comming of melancholy bloud, about which the veins appeare of a blacke or swert colour, spread in manner of a Creifish clees.
The astronomical sense of cancer is from the Latin name for the constellation of the crab. The name was known to the Anglo-Saxons, but only as a Latin name and was not assimilated into English until the Middle English period. It appears in Ælfric’s De Temporibus Anni, written c.993, in a list of the constellations of the Zodiac:
Feorða • Cancer • þæt is Crabba
(Fourth, Cancer, that is the crab.)
The Anglicized name appears c.1391 in Chaucer’s Treatise on the Astrolabe:
In this heved of cancer is the grettist declinacioun northward of the sonne...this signe of cancre is clepid the tropik of Somer.
(At this first point (head) of cancer is the greatest declination northward of the sun…this sign of cancer is named the tropic of summer.)
(Source: Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd Edition) (+ info
What are some abdominal workouts that will give me an eight pack?
I have a friend who bet me that in six months I could not get an eight pack. I already have a pretty solid six pack and I eat healthy and exercise daily. That's not good enough to get an eight pack. I need some workouts for the abdominal area that would strengthen my abs and make them a rock solid eight pack in six months. I'm researching this and need to come up with a plan for the abdominal area. Anything is appreciated and ideas are welcome.
Get an ab mat and do situps on it, or I don't know if you know about GHD machines?
http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index;_ylt=AhoNNt3YMES32mV1bHfV5Insy6IX;_ylv=3?qid=20100323192531AAkROt4 (+ info
Experiencing abdominal discomfort during the time my period would normally come?
Im only 4 wks pregger but im experiencing abdominal discomfort. Not cramping just discomfort. This is around when my period would have been due. Is this normal?
i was ready to go out and buy tampons when i was 4 wks pregnant. I was so sure my period was coming. had strong positive pregnancy tests since 8 DPO and the pains at 4 weeks were so bad that i thought for sure i had miscarried and my period was coming at any minute.
cramping will continue throughout your 9 months and if you worry about every little ache, pain, twinge and cramp you wont enjoy your pregnancy.
congrats :) (+ info
How can I work on my abdominal area without loosing keeping my hips and buttocks?
I am going to start back working on my abdominal area. However, I would like to keep my hippy shape. I have worked on my abdominal area doing sit ups and lower abdominal lifts. Will this help me to get my abs flat without loosing my hippy shape.
Have I found IT
Best over all core work out and fun
And.. no it doesn't have to be all "that" we it can be if you want it ;-)
But serious core movement. Lots of videos on the net.
Really gives you great movement utilizing all of your stomache muscles (male or female) you feel great. (+ info
How can i make my abdominal look perfect?
I train everyday for my stomach, abdominal. But mine is just strong, hard, it doens't has good form, like atletic people. What i have to do, how should i train to make my abdominal look perfectly athletic and also very strong?
You have to have a low body fat percentage and there's only two ways to get there.
#1 exercise like athletes with 6 packs (sprinters, gymnasts, dancers, etc..)
These athletes exercise 4-6 hours a day. Sorry, but it's the harsh truth.
#2 eat a nearly perfect diet.
Football players workout a lot, but alot of them eat cheeseburgers, fries, and pizza all the time.
Working out by itself (especially recreationally) may not be enough to get a six pack.
check out this site for some workout and diet tips http://www.ab-core-and-stomach-exercises.com (+ info
How do I get my abdominal muscles to show?
I have abdominal muscles, and when I press my fingers into my abdominal area with them flexed, I can feel the muscle, but I have a layer of fat or something between them and my skin (very small, as I only have 6% body fat). How do I get rid of this layer of stuff?
diet and cardio ab work makes abs stronger it does not burn the fat on top of them (+ info
Is it possible to overload on abdominal exercises that can turn into negative results?
Hi I am a pretty condition athletic but my abs aren't as strong as they can be. So I plan on doing some intense exercising over the summer that includes abdominal/lower back exercises. I plan on doing 5 different types of abdominal exercises.
I am planning on doing perhaps 250 (50 each exercises). If I did that every day could I overload and receive negative results?
Can you work your abdominal muscles everyday without any repercussions?
Or do you need to break it down to every other day to give the muscles time to regenerate. I’m trying to maximize results in a short period. If you have any suggestion to maximize visual results of lower abdominal muscles please let me know. Thanks in advance for your comment.
Abs are muscles, too, and they need rest just like any other muscle. So, yes, break it down to every other day, and try doing some leg lifts, too.
To make your lower abs more visible just keep lowering the body fat percentage to about 8 or 9. So keep eating healthy and do cardio 4-5 days per week for about 40 minutes each day. (+ info
How do I lose abdominal fat while still gaining muscle mass?
I am 19 years old and also an ectomorph, currently has high carbs-moderate protein diet. Just wondering on how could I remove my abdominal fat without burning muscles. Doing cardio will burn my muscles since I am an ectomorph. Will low carb-high protein be a better diet? Will this diet burn my muscles?
Being an ectomorph it is true that you will be burning some muscle mass when doing 'extensive cardio', but if you keep eating the right foods and continue with your exercise program the fat storages will continue to burn up.
I would stick with your current routine, but eat high calories. You are probably very skinny and you body is burning the foods your consuming fairly quickly. Remember to space our your diet accordingly.
If you want a great diet and exercise routine to help you put on and conserve muscle while loosing your fat stores, then i would be happy to help create one. Check out my site at www.tofitness.ca or you can email me at [email protected]
and i will send it to my business account (for spam reasons).
Wade (+ info
How do you work the very upper abdominal that gives you an 8 pack?
I have all the muscle it just feals like the muscle was never used....I want to increase the size of the very upper abdominal so they are like my other abdominal muscles.
honestly, what works for me is the regular crunch... they seem to only target upper abs... also try the abs belt... it doesnt burn fat but it makes your abs bulge like crazy (+ info
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