FAQ - Arteriosclerosis Obliterans
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What is the between atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis? Can a person have one but not the other ?


What are other forms of arteriosclerosis?
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Arteriosclerosis is hardening of the walls of the arteries, the blood vessels carrying oxygenated blood to the organs. It usually does not compromise the lumen of the vessel, but makes it stiff and may cause elevation of the bood pressure recordings.

Atherosclerosis is deposition of fat like material in the inner lining of the arteries. This will cause narrowing of the vessel and obstruct flow if severe. The deposits known as plaques can also rupture and expose raw areas leading to formation of blood clots. These clots may totally obstruct the flow. If this occurs in an artery of the heart, it may lead to a heart attack. If it occurs in an artery of the brain, it may lead to a stroke.

Arteriosclerosis need not necessarily be associated with significant atherosclerosis and vice versa.  (+ info)

Are you allowed to fly if you have arteriosclerosis?


My father-in-law has had a bypass in the past and is now waiting to see a consultant re: arteriosclerosis in the leg. He is due to fly long haul in about 12 days time - would this be advisable?
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If his doctor and the insurance company think it's alright then it is alright'
Tel him to walk about a bit during the flight at regular intervals.
There are some socks you can buy ar chemist's shops to help circulation in the legs.
Hope he has a lovely holiday.  (+ info)

What is the difference between Arteriosclerosis and Atherosclerosis?


I am an EMT-B and this was never clearly explained in my class. I was hoping someone might be able to give me a clear answer. Thanks!
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Arteriosclerosis: Hardening of the arteries.

Artherosclerosis: Narrowing and plaque build up of the arteries. The narrowed artery limits or blocks the flow of blood to the heart muscle depriving the heart of oxygen. The hardened surface of the artery can also encourage the formation of small blood clots.

Click below links:
http://www.webmd.com/hypertension-high-blood-pressure/guide/atherosclerosis

http://dictionary.webmd.com/terms/arteriosclerosis  (+ info)

What does the term arteriosclerosis specifically refer to?


a. development of atheromas in large arteries
b. changes in coronary arteries
c. degeneration with loss of elasticity and obstruction in small arteries
d. ischemia and necrosis in the brain, kidneys, and heart
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c. Arteriosclerosis is the hardening of arteries.

The first choice refers to atherosclerosis.  (+ info)

When you have arteriosclerosis, is it too late to regain elasticity of the arteries?


I've had borderline high blood pressure for about a year and have made significant lifestyle changes that are bringing it down. So I'm just wondering -- Are there any specific foods that will change/repair/revitalize my arteries? Is it possible to regain elasticity? I'm in my 50's, and high blood pressure and heart disease are in my family history. Please provide studies or resources as I am also researching this for a paper.
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You absolutely CAN halt the progression of coronary artery disease (CAD). Most of the time, it is also reversible with diet and stress management. By diet, I mean a very low fat (less than 10% of calories from fat), plant based diet free of added fats/oils/animal products/refined foods/simple sugars/processed foods/white flour/white rice. Essentially the diet is very low fat, vegan (or includes only fat free dairy items) and Is also low-glycemic.

Dean Ornish MD is an authority in preventative cardiology and has proven that even the worst cases of coronary artery disease can be reversed or at least halted. You can find Dean Ornish online at pmri.org and he has published many books and professional articles. His groundbreaking work on reversing heart disease with diet was published in the medical journal called "The Lancet". Ornish has also written the chapter on preventative cardiology in Harrison's (which is the bible on which all modern medicine is based-and both his works are VERY prestigous accomplishments). Ornish has also written several books but the ones you will probably find most useful are "The Spectrum" and / or "Eat More, Weigh Less". He is founder of he non-profit Preventative Medicine Research Institute in Sausalito CA and their website is already referenced above. Patients who are assigned to Dr Ornish had such advanced heart disease that surgery wasn't an option. they were essentially "hopeless" and "beyond help" - expected to die of heart disease- which makes Ornish's accomplishments all the more important. Besides, even when drugs and surgery are treatment options, most doctors never tell their patients the reality that current drugs and surgeries, including cholesterol lowering meds/stints/CABGs do NOT extend the lifespan of patients. Futhermore, they only treat the symptoms of heart disease instead of its causes. Current treatments, aside from lifestyle and dietary changes, also have lots of negative side effects and risks.

Aside from Ornish, there is Caldwell Esselstyn MD from the Cleveland Clinic foundation who recommends a diet slightly more restrictive than Ornish (totally vegan whereas Ornish allows for fat free dairy). Esselstyn has also has lots of success at reversing CAD and enhancing the lives of patients. Look him up in Google by name and find him at Clevelandclinicfoundation.org.

Aside the two above, John McDougall MD also has great resources and info about how to reverse CAD. He advises a similar diet plan as the prior two.

There's no escaping the very low fat, plant based diet. It is the only way to restore elasticity. It isn't restrictive, it is wonderful and very easy, but people make a huge deal out of giving up a few "foods" that nobody should be eating on a reular basis anyway - if at all. And anympotential sacrifice in terms of foods is over-compensated by surviving a progressive and eventually terminal disease. The diet also has many other benefits, including cancer prevention and the lengthening of "telomeres" which are a biological measure of human lifespan (increasing telomeres=extending lifespan). One other good resource, generally speaking, is www.theheart.org

This was probably pretty much obvious. The problem is that people just don't want to believe it is so simple. And many just want a magic pill but it doesn't exist so just choose to eat right and you benefit with a healthy heart and enormously increased quality of life.  (+ info)

What is Arteriosclerosis? What are the symptoms? How Can IT Be Treated? What Causes It? How Is It Prevented?


What is Arteriosclerosis? What are the symptoms? How Can It Be Treated? What Causes It? How Is It Prevented? How is it treated?

I need to do a project on this, and i have no idea about it! Please help me, and leave the links you used please!
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Arteriosclerosis results in the thickening of the walls of the arteries. Its common symptoms are:
1. Inadequate blood supply in the legs resulting to numbness and coldness of feet and cramps and pain in the legs.
2. Inadequate blood supply to the coronary arteries resulting in sharp pains, like angina pectoris. It also elevates blood pressure and causes kidney disorders.

The main causes of arteriosclerosis are:
1. Lack of physical exercise and high fat diet
2. Obesity, diabetes and stress
3. Heredity

Treatment for arteriosclerosis consists of the following:
1. Home Remedies, using lemon peel, parsley, vegetables juices, psyllium husk, garlic and onions and other herbs
2. Conventional Medicine through bypass surgery, carotid artery surgery, angioplasty, angiography and other sophisticated methods

To prevent arteriosclerosis is to follow clean and healthy living through exercise and good high fiber food intake.

Below are further discussions on the subject as quoted in Wikipedia:

"Arteriosclerosis refers to a hardening of medium and large arteries. The most common form of arteriosclerosis is atherosclerosis.

The following terms are similar, yet distinct, in both spelling and meaning, and can be easily confused: arteriosclerosis, arteriolosclerosis, and atherosclerosis. Arteriosclerosis is a general term describing any hardening (and loss of elasticity) of medium or large arteries (from the Greek Arterio, meaning artery, and sclerosis, meaning hardening), arteriolosclerosis is any hardening (and loss of elasticity) of arterioles (small arteries), atherosclerosis is a hardening of an artery specifically due to an atheromatous plaque. Therefore, atherosclerosis is a form of arteriosclerosis."

"Types of Arteriosclerosis

Atherosclerosis is the most common form of arteriosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is characterized by a thickening of the intima with plaques that can contain lipid-laden macrophages ("foam cells"). The plaques contain free lipid (cholesterol, etc.) and are prone to calcification and ulceration.
Arteriosclerosis obliterans is typically seen in medium and large arteries of the lower extremity. Characterized by fibrosis of the intima and calcification of the media. The lumen of the vessel may be obliterated or markedly narrowed.
Medial calcific sclerosis (Monckeberg’s calcific sclerosis) is seen mostly in the elderly, commonly in arteries of the thyroid and uterus. Characterized by calcification of the internal elastic lamina but without thickening of the intima or narrowing of the vessel lumen. A similar form of an intramural calcification, presenting the picture of an early phase of arteriosclerosis, appears to be induced by a number of drugs that have an antiproliferative mechanism of action (Rainer Liedtke 2008).
Hyaline arteriolosclerosis refers to thickening of the walls of arterioles by the deposition of hyaline material. Often seen in kidney pathology."

I hope this will help in your study.

Good luck to you.


  (+ info)

Can someone explain the action of Imuran on the disease called Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia?


My mother is taking Imuran for BOOP and I know it has to do with suppression of cell mediated immunity. what exactly is this?
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Although the exact mechanism of how Imuran works is not known, it is felt that by inhibiting the immune system, this drug suppresses the "overactive" immune reaction that is responsible for such disorders as your mother's.

Medicinenet has a really informative article on the drug here:
http://www.medicinenet.com/azathioprine/article.htm

Here is also a great article on BOOP and the role of Imuran:
http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec05/ch055/ch055b.html  (+ info)

Is atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis used to mean the same which is a plaque of cholesterol that hardens?


the arteries? When seeking info, I've seen both terms used almost interchangeably, except that arteriosclerosis is only referred to cholesterol plaque, as opposed to atherosclerosis which is cholesterol, calcium, platelets, and other debris in the blood. Both were referred as "hardening of the arteries".

what is the technically correct usage of these terms.
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Atherosclerosis refers to the fatty, or atheromatous, plaque that can build up in arteries. "athero-" is loosly defined as "greasy tumor" and "-sclerosis" means "hardening".
Arteriosclerosis literally means hardening of the artery, and this term includes the condition caused by atherosclerotic plaque as well as the accompanying changes in the wall and smooth muscle of the artery itself.
The terms are often used interchangeably, but I believe atherosclerosis is more specific and arteriosclerosis is more inclusive of the plaque as well as the condition of the artery itself.  (+ info)

What is the possible cause of Arteriosclerosis?


And is there a cure for it?
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The causes of arteriosclerosis (no capial a) are as a normal part of aging, hypertension, nephrosclerosis, scleroderma, diabetes, smoking, chronic stress and hyperlipidemia. There's no specific treatment and vasodilators and exercise may relieve symptoms. In more severe cases surgery is called for. In one study involving lab rats, a diabetic med, Pioglitazone, improved aortic wall elasticity. There's no real cure but it can be prevented to a large degree.

Arteriosclerosis is a common disorder and is a thickening, loss of elasticity and calcification of arterial walls. It doesn't result in the same kind of "blockage" (occlusion) as atherosclerosis but it results in a decreased blood supply, especially to the cerebrum and the lower extremeties.  (+ info)

What is the metabolic link between diabetes mellitus and arteriosclerosis?


Poor diet.  (+ info)

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