FAQ - Brain Stem Infarctions
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What is the covering of the brain stem called?


Collectively, the covering is called the meninges. The meninges is made up of three layers....the pia mater, arachnoid, and dura mater. My boyfriend just had a benign tumor arising from the meninges (meningioma) removed from his frontal lobe.

"three membranous envelopes—pia mater, arachnoid, and dura mater—that surround the brain and spinal cord. Cerebrospinal fluid fills the ventricles of the brain and the space between the pia mater and the arachnoid. The primary function of the meninges and of the cerebrospinal fluid is to protect the central nervous system."

http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9052021/meninges  (+ info)

Does depression stem from brain anatomy or brain chemistry?


I am working on a news feature about a recent study where scientists explored why some people who suffer from major depression can’t seem to shake loose of their symptoms, falling into despair without just cause over and over again. These researchers believe they know why. They recently found evidence to suggest that depression is greatly influenced by a basic pattern of gene inheritance that alters the structural make-up of the brain.
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Most depression is a result of a chemical imbalance within the make up of the central nervous system, most often it is an imbalance within the brain itself. In cases of Bi-polar syndrome, or manic-depressive, it is a result of a Biological disorder that is very similiar to diabetes.

in My un-professional opinion, at least in my observations of my own depression, and others, it seems to me that while most depression is a result of biological factors, such as a chemical or hormonal imbalance, it is often triggered by environmental factors.

I think that study about depression being influenced by inheritance, found that the factors that lead to the chemical or hormonal imbalances that lead to depresion can be hereditary, very much like diabetes.  (+ info)

how does a child live without a brain stem and what kind help is out there for this child?


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Ultrasounds and new study saying ultrasound effects the fetus's brain stem cells?


Has anyone heard of this? If so please tell me more about it! I read about it on a pregnancy website, is there truth to this?
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I saw it....we read an article in our local paper a few weeks back.
they tested on RATS...not humans....US can create a heat, if done in excess of 30 minutes.....which can bother the baby.
IT CAN NOT CAUSE HARM.
according to this article.
I also work in radiology, and there have been no patients with babies harmed from ultra sound. I think it's a bunch of crap  (+ info)

Can stem cells help treat Giloma (Brain tumor)?


So we just found out yesterday that my future SIL's mother has a brain tumor. My SIL is 7 months pregnant and I am trying to research whether or not her baby's cord blood could help treat her mother's Giloma (brain tumor).

If anyone could leave me some links focusing on the statistics of the effectiveness of stem cell treatment on brain cancer it would be greatly appreciated. Or ANY information will be helpful.
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I really wanted to bank my daughter's cord blood and I did some research while I was pregnant. I found the best company to be "Cord Blood Registry" at http://www.cordblood.com/ I called them a couple times and asked questions and they were extremely helpful and very nice. (Of course they also wanted my business). Unfortunately I just couldn't afford the initial investment but I'll always regret not doing it. I look at as the best medical insurance policy on the market and I wish I could have done that for my daughter.

I know the cord blood can now help with 70 different diseases but I don't know which ones. I would suggest going right to the source and calling the company directly. Or perhaps you could just have your SIL's mother or family ask her oncologist. He/she should know.

I'm so sorry to hear about your new family member's illness. I hope all turns out well for you all. I hope the link helps. If not, there are other company's you could try. Goo luck!  (+ info)

can your cerebellum n brain stem recover again after been shot dere n da head.?


well my bf got shot n da head n da back where da cerebellum n brain stem is he's on life support he cnt breath on his own r move either can his cerebellum n brain stem recover correctly n again..?plz help i need alot of ansers plz n thnx..!
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can Umbilical cord stem cells be used to help people with tramatic brain injuries?


This type of research is much in its infancy to even have real life applications in medicine. There is evidence that these stem cells can be used to regenerate neurons, but again these trials have only been used with mice. Researchers are still trying to figure out if the neurons they regenerate are just replacing the old neurons, whether they have full function, and how to apply this in a clinical setting, among other things.

So I would say that although not impossible, researchers and physicians still have a long way to go before they can completely cure brain injuries.  (+ info)

Can stem cells therapy help regenerate brain & nerve cells?


Theoritical yes
and they have had result in lab rats  (+ info)

I just had a MRI on my brain and brain stem- result is acute sinus infection. Where would the infection be?


How far back do your sinus' go that it would show up on a brain scan? I've been having severe migraines. Would this infection possibly be causing this pain?
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I had a long history of migraine headaches. I used to have these throbbing, pressure headaches. They occur often. The pains get so severe to the point I get so nauseous and feel like vomiting. I have cold and clammy hands and feet and felt so cold. I was diagnosed with chronic sinusitis. I also have severe nasal allergies.

Eventually, one doctor ordered Cat Scan. It showed that I had two nasal polyps. I went to an EENT specialist who diagnosed me with severe sinus infection. Surgery was recommended which I agreed secondary the prolonged history. He scraped and drained the sinuses and discovered DIFFUSED nasal polyps. These were resected and sent them for testing. Thank God !. It was just benign.

However, I'm glad my problem with sinusitis was addressed. Thereafter my migraine headaches which originated from the base of my neck and across my forehead and temple were dissipated.


There are two types of sinus infection: acute and chronic sinusitis. Acute sinusitis could be caused by the common colds, allergic rhinitis or hay fever, and the flu.and infection. Symptoms of pain usually occurs where the sinuses are particularly affected. If you have a bout of more than four episodes per year, then it's termed chronic sinusitis.


Sinuses Involved in Infection


If there is pain between your eyes, if pain is worse with eyeglasses on- Ethmoid Sinusitis

If there is pain over your cheekbone, pain like a toothache - Maxillary Sinusitis

If there is pain that is severe and over your forehead - Frontal Sinusitis

If there is pain that is deep-seated, from many areas, including behind your eyes, at the top of your head, and at the nape of your neck- Sphenoid Sinusitis

These cavernous or paranasal sinuses are located mostly in the cheekbones in the face and are easily viewed via CAT SCAn or MRI of the head.

Sinuses are the hollow spaces around the cheek bones that warm, filter and moisten the air. These passages have a very essential responsibility in sustaining a person’s health. Healthy sinuses have a direct effect on the overall well-being of a person. When the sinuses get clogged it can cause headaches, allergy headaches, congestion, colds and sinus infections.

There are even cases of severe maxillary sinuses infection that pts underwent dental work. They attributed their problems to toothaches when in reality it was sinus infection.


One of the causes of sinus trouble is the failure of the system It disrupts the natural process done by the cilia of filtering the air for impurities before going into the body. Due to excessive amount of impurities in the air, the cilia is not able to filter all of it thus causing the sinuses to clog which in turn results to health problems such as sinus infection.

Sinus infection can be diagnosed through the symptoms exhibited by the patient, through a physical examination, X-rays and sometimes in order to be sure doctors let the patient undergo MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) or CT scan (Computed Tomography)
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Sinus infection exhibits similar signs and symptoms to that of the common cold or flu. This usually happens when there is a build -up of harmful bacteria in the sinus cavity. When sinus infection happens the person will experience headache, fever, sinus congestion, drainage, runny nose, sore throat and post nasal drip.

Once the antibiotics effect wears out ; you’ll be back to the same problem because the primary problem is still there.

Since sinus infection has similar signs and symptoms to that of the cold or flu many think that; that is what they are suffering from. However the common cold only lasts about 7 up to 14 days and can disappear even without medication.

Since the surgery; I have been successful in keeping my sinuses well drained and avoid sinus congestion and thus the headaches. I regularly take antihistaminics to treat my nasal allergies.

Hope I thoroughly answered all of your questions and concerns re your acute sinusitis and symptoms of migraine headaches.
At least the MRI ruled out any tumors and growths. That's a great sigh of relief for you, I'm sure ,as it was for me. As you can see, acute sinusitis or sinus infection can cause migraine headaches.  (+ info)

My nephew had a brain tumor that went into his spine. It is cancerous. He is having stem cell tansplant.?


My brother and his wife are staying very optimistic. He is a young boy, 10 or 11. I am trying to get a grasp of what stage of the fight he is in. Does a stem cell transplant resemble a treatment of desperation? I am confused and don't want to ask too many questions as they are already so stressed out.
He has also gone through 2 rounds of chemo.
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Stem cell transplants are not used to treat brain tumors.  (+ info)

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