FAQ - Carcinoma, Brown-Pearce
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What is small cell carcinoma, and why is edema in the upper body a serious complication.?


A family member has small cell carcinoma being treated with chemotherapy in the lung/thoracic area, and recently has developed edema in the arms and chest (not sure specifics of where in the chest the edema is). What is this type of cancer and what is the concern with the edema when it develops secondary to the cancer? Thank You.
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oedema of the upper body is due to blockage (partial) of the superior vena cava (the main vein which drains the part of the body above the level of the heart). this is due to infiltration of the vein by the malignant tumour. its a bad prognostic factor.

as for small cell carcinoma, it is a highly malignant tumour of the lungs, and spreads rapidly. it also produces certain hormones that mimic hormonal imbalance states (paraneoplastic syndrome).

u can type in "small cell carcinoma" on wikiepedia and check the other details for urself.  (+ info)

What is a carcinoma and how is it taken out?


A relative of mine has a carcinoma on his liver that needs to be removed. Doctors say it's gonna be hard to remove it, but so far the prognosis is good.

Also, how does it differ from a regular tumor and / or regular cancer?
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A carcinoma "IS" a regular type of cancer involving the liver.
I have seen hundreds of them.
It depends if it is a primary or a metastatic carcinoma in (not on) the liver.
What is the biopsy histology ? You tell us nothing useful to diagnose this case.
There is no "good" prognosis with a carcinoma involving the liver.
If you really want to know what is happening,
go with your relative when he sees his doctors.
Then study on the internet.
It takes 13 years of higher education to be a cancer specialist.  (+ info)

Why is basal cell carcinoma the least invasive of all cancers?


Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC) can develop into large unsightly skin tumors but the cells rarely metasize or spread to distant sites like malignant melanoma, lung cancer, colon cancer etc.
Is it that only certain genes are involved in BCC which mean they fail to become completely immature like other tumor cells, or is it they are more liable to be attacked by the immune system? Any other ideas?
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Simon - Great question! Sorry that the answer is not yet known. Most cancer research efforts have been directed towards the malignant tumors which rapidly invade the blood vessels and lymph channels making their spread easily, but not malignant basal cells of basal cell carcinoma (BCC). It may be genetic, as you mention, or the BCC cells may lack certain genes and/or enzymes which would allow the cells to survive in other body locations. It is NOT likely to be related to the immune system as microscopic examination of BCC lesions do not show the tissue changes of immune-type cells adjacent to or invading the BCC as they do with other tumors. Hence, the BCC spreads by ever-widening direct growth from the primary tumor without metastases but able to invade the toughest of nearby tissues, even bone. Might you be interested in such a research career in dermatopathology?  (+ info)

How long does someone with stage 4 Renal cell carcinoma have?


My grandfather, 83, has stage 4 renal cell carcinoma. The cancer has spread to his lungs (several tumors on lungs), bladder, gall bladder, and the doctor said he could feel tumors all over. I just want a realistic outlook for his life expectancy. He will be receiving immunotherapy in a few weeks but his general practice doctor seemed to think he had weeks to a few months to live. His oncologist didn't give him a time frame. I just want to know what he is looking at. He already is having trouble breathing.
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No one knows.My wife has stage IV renal cell carcinoma and no one thought she would make it one year.It been a tough road, but shes still here 5 years 5 months latter.  (+ info)

What is the ribbon color for thymus cancer, more specifically thymic carcinoma?


My mom was diagnosed with having a thymic carcinoma and i want to know what color ribbon that is associated with.
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its teal  (+ info)

What are some treatments for Basal Cell Carcinoma?


I think i have Basal Cell Carcinoma, And I'm going to the clinic Thursday, and i was wondering what i have to look forward to.. Like what they'll do to treat it.
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Basal Cell Carcinoma is a type of skin cancer. It is typically a very slow growing, non-invasive cancer and is treated very effectivly by excision. If the doctor believes the lesion to be suspicious of BCC, they will likely schedule a biopsy to confirm this, and then completely remove it by cutting it out and placing a couple of stiches on the wound.  (+ info)

Can anyone please share their experience or advice regarding papillary carcinoma?


My mother, aged 69, had a 2 centimeter invasive papillary carcinoma removed in a lumpectomy recently. Thankfully, there was no evidence of any of the lymph nodes involved.

Of course, we are very concerned, and would like to know what are the experiences of those who have been diagnosed with papillary carcinoma. What treatments did you undergo? For how long? What were the side effects/possible contraindications and outcome of your treatments? How did you choose your oncologist?

Any advice or details you could give us would be sincerely appreciated.
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I don’t know how many responses you are going to get, as papillary carcinoma of the breast is fairly rare and the information you provide is a little vague. Breast cancer treatment depends on the stage of the disease, the grade and if the hormone receptors are negative or positive none of which you mention. From what you stated your mom is a stage I, right at the edge of a stage IIA.

She is very luck that it was caught this early as they grow more rapidly than others and when found the tumors are often larger than your mother’s. The lymph nodes are usually negative, but hopefully a sentinel node biopsy was done to be sure. This type of cancer tends to happen most often in black women. For some reason we do not yet understand cancer in general is more aggressive in black patients, so if your mother is black I would have this treated as aggressively as possible to be on the safe side.

I firmly believe when faced with a significant medical decision you should get at least 2 opinions. If your mom lives in a less populated area she may want to get an opinion from the closest teaching facility as they tend to be involved in the most unusual cases and the cutting edge treatment. It may be too far to travel for treatment, but they can create a treatment plan that can be followed locally. Hope this helps. Best wishes to you both.




  (+ info)

What are the treatment options for invasive Ductal Carcinoma In Situ?


I was diagnosed with invasive Ductal Carcinoma In Situ. It was 1.7 cm. in size. Had lumpectomy and lymph node biopsy. The pathology they did during surgery came back clean. I am very scared. Any information would be appreciated.
I thought the invasive diagnosis was unusual also, but I saw the breast biopsy report and that is what it said.
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It is impossible to have “invasive Ductal Carcinoma In Situ” as in situ means non-invasive. Are you saying you have invasive ductal carcinoma AND DCIS? Treatment option should have been discussed with you before you had surgery as what kind of surgery you have is based on your decision. I think you need a other talk with your doctor.  (+ info)

Can I have a basal cell carcinoma on my foot?


Has this happened to anyone, what I thought was a wart is infact a basal cell carcinoma. How was it treated if this happened to you. Thanks.
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Skin cancer is a major problem in the elderly. Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), the second most common skin cancer, typically occurs in this age group. Despite a number of modalities readily available for treatment. Consequently, the search for novel treatments continues. To my knowledge, there are only 6 published reports of invasive SCC treated with 5-percent Imiquimod cream. (Imiquimod is a topically applied imidazoquiline immunomodulator that enhances both innate and cell-mediated immunity )
This is a clinical trial result that has details that may be of interest:- An 89-year-old woman presented with three lesions on her lower limbs. She had previous treatments for multiple basal cell carcinomas, actinic keratoses, Bowen disease, and invasive SCCs at various sites. The new lesions were on the left foot (one) and right lower leg (two) and all showed changes of poorly differentiated SCC histologically. She declined surgical excision; radiotherapy was felt to be a poor option. She was treated with 5-percent imiquimod cream, initially to just the lesion on the dorsum of the foot, for 8-12 hours at night for three nights each week (three times a week). Treatment was well tolerated by week 2, so the frequency was increased to five times a week, and all three lesions treated. Gradually, two lesions diminished in size. Treatment was continued until there was no clinical evidence of residual tumor at these sites (19 weeks) repeat biopsies showed only a focus of dysplastic cells with no invasion (dorsum, left foot), and epidermal hyperplasia with no significant cytological atypia (outer aspect, right lower leg) Neither now showed evidence of invasive SCC. After 16 months there was no recurrence of either lesion. The third lesion (right lower leg,) did not respond to topical imiquimod and was later surgically excised.
Hope this helps
Matador 89  (+ info)

Carcinoma of the sigmoid with invasion into adjacent tissue. What is the ICD 9 code for this?


Carcinoma of the sigmoid with invasion into adjacent tissue. What is the ICD 9 code for this?
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You probably would need more specific information. There are many ICD-9 sites on the internet that would be of help to you. Would probably be close to 209.16 to 209.66, with more specifics.  (+ info)

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