FAQ - Central Cord Syndrome
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can cord blood be given to cousins kid for downs syndrome?


My husbands cousins son has downs syndrome and we're both wondering is there anything they can do medically with our unborn babys cord blood to help their son? If so can we even give our cord blood to them or will they only allow that for our kids exclusively, we really want to be able to help them out.
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Down's is a chromosomal defect and cannot be cured. Your heart is in the right place but unfortunately cord blood will not help.  (+ info)

In Short Bowel Syndrome, why is it necessary to use a Central line?


why do we use a central IV line for TPN?
i know oral route cannot be used, but for clarification, my question is more about central vs. peripheral route.
i know oral route cannot be used, but for clarification, my question is more about central vs. peripheral route.
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TPN is a very concentrated nutritional formula and cannot be given through peripheral veins as it is irritating to the vein. By giving it through a central line into a central vein the TPN gets diluted quickly as there is a greater volume and flow in a central vein versus a peripheral one.   (+ info)

Is anyone familiar with Vocal Cord Dysfunction Syndrome or VCDS?


My allergist today has told me that after 10+ years of being treated for severe asthma that I do NOT have asthma/allergies, but that he thinks that I have VCDS. Is anone familiar with this? Any help would be nice!
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Vocal cord dysfunction syndrome occurs when the vocal cords inappropriately close or narrow during breathing. This most commonly happens when trying to breathe in and causes the frightening sensation of the airway closing off and not being able to get enough air.

See these sites for more details:

http://64.233.167.104/search?q=cache:SGZeoOPkmLAJ:www.deancare.com/dhs/med_specialties/allergy/factsheet_vocal_cord.pdf+vocal+cord+dysfunction+syndrome&hl=tl&ct=clnk&cd=4&gl=ph

http://www.emedicine.com/med/topic3563.htm  (+ info)

Any one else have Central Pain Syndrome?


I had a brain bleed and now I have what is called Central Pain Syndrome or Thalamic Pain Syndrome. I would like to talk to someone else who has this rare problem. Thanks
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My husband had a stroke in October and he has Thalamic Pain Syndrome also. [email protected]  (+ info)

13) the term central nervous system refers to: brain and spinal cord or brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerv?


The C.N.S. refers to the brain and spinal cord, but not to the peripheral nerves.  (+ info)

How do I donate to a public cord blood bank?


I am due in about 4 weeks, and have been interested in Cord Blood Banking for research developement purposes. All of the private banks cost to much (insurance will not cover it) and most of the time it is held for your personal use, not to be used for research or to help others in need. I want to donate my baby's cord blood to a public bank (which is free and gets used to help others in need and/or for research). I have come up against a brick wall when trying to find a way to donate as there are no public banks in my area. Does anyone know of a way to donate to a public bank if it is out of your area? If you know of any that are in the central valley of California that would be helpful as well.
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As one of the few who's benefitted from a cord blood transplant, I know how priceless it is. You can find out more from the link I've referenced on how to donate cord blood. It might be too far along in your pregnancy to donate now but you can contact stemcyte and they'll send you a kit to take to the hospital with you when you are about to deliver. This option allows your dr to collect the cord blood after your baby is born, especially if your hospital is not a participating hospital.

Here's the story on how cord blood saved my life:
http://cbs11tv.com/health/local_story_103200817.html  (+ info)

Is cauda equina syndrome considered an incomplete paraplegia ?


I want to know if cauda equina syndrome is known as a incomplete paraplegia from spinal cord injury.
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Incomplete Paraplegia
Every incomplete paraplegic will be different. Just because the cord damage is the same level as another person it doesn't mean the resultant disability will be the same. In fact most 'incompletes' are very different. What recovery there is will be dependent on three main factors. How badly the cord was damaged, what level it is and the precise area of the cord that was affected.

The potential recovery is normally seen in the first 6 months post injury although recovery gains have been reported to continue for up to 2-3 years afterwards. Recoveries and the potential for them will vary enormously. The very incomplete may have virtually no noticeable loss of motor function but impaired sensation or other bodily functions. The other end of the scale is where there is little or no motor function below the level of injury but sensation to touch/pain etc has been preserved. The potential for recovery will be affected by other factors too. i.e. access to good physiotherapy and occupational therapy, normally this will be on a specialist spinal injuries unit. General health post injury and the right mental attitude are also important in maximising any potential return of function.

My own injury is described as C4 incomplete tetraplegia. My cord damage is central cord syndrome. Very fortunately I was airlifted from the scene of my accident and within two weeks was on a specialist spinal injuries unit in London. My outcome is very similar to what is described below for central cord syndrome. My legs are much stronger than my arms enabling me to walk slowly with crutches indoors. My left arm has little motor function and my right about 30% of normal range of movement. My shoulder function and ability to extend or raise my right arm has remained very poor, meaning I still require a lot of help with daily living. My injury was in '94 and I broke C2,3 + 4, and consider myself very very fortunate to have had an incomplete injury at that level.

See below for the most common incomplete syndromes.
Incomplete Tetraplegia - Paraplegia

Types of Incomplete Spinal Injuries
An incomplete lesion is the term used to describe partial damage to the spinal cord. With an incomplete lesion, some motor and sensory function remains. People with an incomplete injury may have feeling, but little or no movement. Others may have movement and little or no feeling. Incomplete spinal injuries differ from one person to another because the amount of damage to each person’s nerve fibres is different.

The effects of incomplete lesions depend upon the area of the cord (front, back, side, etc) affected. The part of the cord damaged depends on the forces involved in the injury.

Anterior Cord Syndrome: is when the damage is towards the front of the spinal cord, this can leave a person with the loss or impaired ability to sense pain, temperature and touch sensations below their level of injury. Pressure and joint sensation may be preserved. It is possible for some people with this injury to later recover some movement.

Central Cord Syndrome: is when the damage is in the centre of the spinal cord. This typically results in the loss of function in the arms, but some leg movement may be preserved. There may also be some control over the bowel and bladder preserved. It is possible for some recovery from this type of injury, usually starting in the legs, gradually progressing upwards.

Posterior Cord Syndrome: is when the damage is towards the back of the spinal cord. This type of injury may leave the person with good muscle power, pain and temperature sensation, however they may experience difficulty in coordinating movement of their limbs.

Brown-Séquard syndrome: is when damage is towards one side of the spinal cord. This results in impaired or loss of movement to the injured side, but pain and temperature sensation may be preserved. The opposite side of injury will have normal movement, but pain and temperature sensation will be impaired or lost.

Cauda equina lesion: The Cauda Equina is the mass of nerves which fan out of the spinal cord at between the first and second Lumbar region of the spine. The spinal cord ends at L1 and L2 at which point a bundle of nerves travel downwards through the Lumbar and Sacral vertebrae. Injury to these nerves will cause partial or complete loss of movement and sensation. It is possible, if the nerves are not too badly damaged, for them to grow again and for the recovery of function.  (+ info)

Did you know that cord clamping 'could' cause Autism and Down Syndrome?


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RoHg-Vg95pg
Both the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO), have dropped the practice of early clamping from their guidelines, for those of you unwilling to recognise this you need to educate yourselves.
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Yep! Those are two very well-respected groups. My daughter's cord wasn't clamped until it stopped pulsing. Why wouldn't you want to let the umbilical cord and placenta do their job making your child's first few breath's easier? Having the oxygenated blood from the placenta helps to make the first few breaths more comfortable for baby.

It's also interesting that babies born via ceserean have are approx 8 times more likely to have respiratory problems. Whether this is due to the immediate clamping and cutting or not having fluids squeezed out some in the birth canal, I don't know.

Interesting stuff. Personally, I decided that the way my body is designed to work in birth is probably a better idea. What's 5 or 10 minutes waiting to deliver the placenta? What are the benefits of early clamping and cutting?  (+ info)

Cancer in Central nervous system (spinal Cord and Brain) would you be paralyzed?


Biology
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It depends on the location of the tumor/cancer. In some locations it could lead to paralysis and in others it would not.  (+ info)

Can you get mad cow disease by eating any beef from an infected cow, or is it just by eating the spinal cord?


I've heard that the brain, spinal cord and other central nervous system tissue is where the disease is found. Would steak be ok to eat?
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Well 'officially', it would be OK to have a steak - scientific studies on cows with BSE have found no infectivity in muscle or peripheral nerves. However, these were studies using carefully dissected animals. In reality, due to the way meat is processed you could never guarantee that any part of an infected cow was OK to eat. And although infectivity has not been detected in the blood of infected cows, the blood of people with vCJD (which is the human version of BSE) IS infectious. But these days BSE is thankfully very rare, so it's certainly not something to worry about.  (+ info)

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