FAQ - Coronary Stenosis
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How can calcified plaques in coronary arteries be treated?

My C.T. angiography indicates "No significant stenosis in coronary C.T. angiography, only calcified plaques with mild, nonsignificant stenosis in mid-portion of LAD". I appreciate professional advice on how to treat the disease and take preventive measures.

Calcified plaques are the best kind of plaque you can have - kind of the lesser of the evils. And there is no significant stenosis - or narrowing of the arteries, which is also good.

Over time, plaque (or fatty deposits) in your arteries build up a kind of shell around them. When they get hard, they are called calcified. This is good because they are stable and are less likely to break open and cause chest pain or even a heart attack or stroke.

Plaque without that special shield are more vulnerable to being broken open. These are called unstable, and are more likely to cause problems with chest pain or heart attack.

Hope that clarifies things. You do want to avoid more plaque if you can, either way. So eating healthy, exercising regularly, not smoking, and taking your medications as prescribed will help keep you in good shape.

Hope that helps!  (+ info)

What is the difference between pyloric stenosis and hypertrophic pyloric stenosis?

I need to find out the difference between pyloric stenosis and hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. If anyone can help I'd really appreciate it. Thanks...

I suggest you to see ----> http://www.all-home-remedies.com
I found this link a few days before on answers.yahoo.com, it contains very useful of
information about many health issues. hope that will help you as well. Thanks  (+ info)

what r the risks of leaving the right coronary artery block untreated?

Angiogram results: LCA angio shows LMCA is normal.LAD type iii vessel shows 30-40 % stenosis. distal Lad is free of disease.RCA is dominant and has mid long diffused disease followed by total occlusion.good LV function by echo.

Registered Nurse here; Cardiac nurse x 24 years. I hope your cardiologist went over the risk factors of leaving the right coronary artery block untreated. From your report, sounds pretty good, your Left Ventricular is working good. Everyone over the age of 20 begins to have a little bit of steno sis. Overall your report is pretty good, however I would ask the cardiologist the treatments available for Right coronary artery block. If left untreated it will become more blocked, one will have symptoms of shortness of breath, poor endurance, and any amount of exercises will increase the work load upon the heart for the heart will have to work harder to oxygenate the blood cells. The treatments for block artery vary greatly, I would not want to speculate here which is best for you, for it would be totally misguided on my part, knowing nothing of your history. Plus I'm not a cardiologist, just a nurse. Please go back to your cardiologist and ask he or she the very question you have posted here, if still unsure, go ahead and get a second opinion.
I appreciate the opportunity to address such an important question.  (+ info)

What are the different types of pyloric stenosis and how are they different?

What are the different types of pyloric stenosis and how are they different? I believe there are 2 types, and if so...what are the differences?

  (+ info)

What is coronary artery disease or hypertension?

Why do people get hypertension and what is it.Also what is coronary artery disease ?

Artery is a plaque build-up in the arteries, causing the arteries to be less flexible and smaller inside than they would normally be. The arteries that bring blood back and forth to the heart have smaller openings in them than they normally would. When that happens, there is more pressure from the blood flowing through the arteries, so you can get high blood pressure from this. You can also get high blood pressure if your arteries are constricted from any other reason. Think of how water would flow through a hose. If you had a large hose with a large diameter, the water would flow gradually from the hose. If you put the same amount of water through a hose that is a lot smaller in diameter, the water would be under more pressure (you would see it spurting out faster and harder). Arteries that are larger in diameter make for lower blood pressure than arteries that have a smaller opening. If the doctor says it is O.K. try taking a multi-vitamin with high B vitamins in it, and then also eat lots of fresh fruits and vegetables along with something in your diet that gives you some calcium. Ask your doctor what he thinks about it.  (+ info)

What is the difference between CORONARY and CONGENITAL heart disease?

I'm filling out a family health history form for my doctor and it's asking if anyone in my family has had coronary or congenital heart disease. I know my mom has heart disease but I don't know which kind it is. One of the arteries to her heart was becoming blocked and they had to put a stent in that artery to open it back up - it's called angioplasty. Is that coronary or congenital? Thanks.

Congenital means "from birth." Congenital heart disease is something you are born with, such as a murmur. If her artery is becoming slowly blocked, she does not have congenital disease. Coronary is the build up of plaques inside the artery walls. See attached link :)  (+ info)

What percentage of Coronary artery disease patients are female?

I'm just wondering what the male to female ratio is among patients with Coronary artery disease is. If you could tell me where you got the information from I'd really appreciate it. Thank you.

After attaining the stage of menopause the percentage of CAD cases in males and females is almost equal. Before the menopause the incidence of the coronary artery disease (CAD) in females is very low due to the estrogen and other feminizing hormonal effect.  (+ info)

How does alcohol affect someone who has been diagnosed with aortic valve stenosis?

My brother has been diagnosed with aortic valve stenosis and also is a smoker and does drink alcohol on the weekends. He knows smoking should be elimated but what about the effects of alcohol? Does this also contribute to his stenosis?

Hi dear....I think we all know, even the youngest person on this site knows, there are no GOOD things that come from smoking or alcohol. They are both addicting drugs that people do to appease themselves. Think about it.

Alcohol plus smoking are stimulants. A stimulant acts on the body by constricting the blood vessels. Caffeine too. Constricting means to make smaller. He has a valve that is smaller than it should be. No one knows what causes this but hereditary plays an important part.

Anyway, since it is naturally smaller, then one goes and drinks or smokes, the entire aortic artery itself gets smaller, along with the other arteries of the body.

Take a hose. Turn the water on a good strong ways. Then bend the hose on a spot making it difficult for the same amount of water to flow what was earlier. The water coming out the end is not as strong, yet the origin or the water is as strong at the spigot. All this water is being pushed against the bent area but is not getting through fast enough.

The spigot would be the heart. It is still pumping at the same strength it was before the drinking or cigarette, but it is pumping against a brick wall so to speak. The blood is not flowing through the constricted valve, and now not so good through the constricted artery, so it is backing up somewhat as well as the heart tries to pump harder to get it through.

It is a perfect recipe for congestive heart failure in the not too distant future. The heart muscle will enlarge as the muscle is being worked too hard, and that is NOT a good thing for a heart. It will be the ventricle that enlarges. The left ventricle pumps the blood through the lungs and since the enlarged ventricle is larger, it it not as effective, so the blood moves through the heart a little slower than normal and the lungs will pick up excess fluid from the blood and deposit it in the lungs making it very difficult to breathe. Left untreated it can kill you. However, the good news is: Surgery can cure the valve. He can have open heart surgery, and a replacement valve placed. My step dad had this and he was like a new man after. Naturally, he quit smoking after smoking for more than 60 years. He was 72 when he had the surgery.

Anyway, I think you can tell him all this, but he may not listen. That is just the way it is. Give him the knowledge. He will do with it what he will. Say a little prayer.

God bless you and him.

Checkout www.healthline.com. It and www.webmd.com are wonderful sites to find out all about medicines and disease processes.

I am an RN  (+ info)

Can spinal stenosis cause short term memory loss?

I have lumbar and cervicle stenosis. For a couple of years, I've had issues with short term memory. Can stenosis cause short term memory loss or do I need to look elsewhere for the cause?

Yes. Cervical impairment of nerves can directly cause short term memory loss AND recall difficulties. Also, with cervical stenosis there is commonly an habituated chronic stress reaction, a "nervousness", that causes a challenge, a challenge to learning and retaining information. And, pain alone can cause a cascade of reactions that hinders memory and recall.  (+ info)

What are the most common symptoms of Spinal Stenosis?

I am suffering several weird symptoms from a bad back and cannot be sure which belong to Stenosis and which don't. Can anyone tell me? Thanks in advance for any help.

Back pain. People with spinal stenosis may or may not have back pain, depending on the degree of arthritis that has developed.
Spinal nerves relay sensation in specific parts of your body. Pressure on the nerves can cause pain in the areas that the nerves supply. Pain in the buttocks that radiates down the leg — called sciatica — is caused by this pressure.
Burning pain in buttocks or legs (sciatica). Pressure on spinal nerves can result in pain in the areas that the nerves supply. The pain may be described as an ache or a burning feeling. It typically starts in the area of the buttocks and radiates down the leg. The pain down the leg is often called "sciatica." As it progresses, it can result in pain in the foot.
Numbness or tingling in buttocks or legs. As pressure on the nerve increases, numbness and tingling often accompany the burning pain. Although not all will have both burning pain and numbness and tingling.
Weakness in the legs or "foot drop." Once the pressure reaches a critical level, weakness can occur in one or both legs. Some patients will have a foot-drop, or the feeling that their foot slaps on the ground while walking.
Less pain with leaning forward or sitting. Studies of the lumbar spine show that leaning forward can actually increase the space available for the nerves. Pain is usually made worse by standing up straight and walking. Some note that they can ride a stationary bike or walk leaning on a shopping cart. Walking more than 1 or 2 blocks, however, may bring on severe sciatica or weakness.
That refers to lumbar stenosis. You can get cervical and thoracic stenosis too.
Differential diagnosis.
Peripheral vascular disease
Large central disc herniation
Spondylolisthesis: degenerative lumbar vertebra subluxation
Lumbar spine trauma or vertebral fracture
Inflammatory arachnoiditis

You need to see your doctor to find out wxactly what is wrong. s/he will probably refer you to an orthopaedic specialist.  (+ info)

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