FAQ - Eye Diseases, Hereditary
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How to learn eye diseases, symptoms, and treatments?

I am studying to be an Ocular Disease Specialist. I am only an Undergrad in college as of right now, but it can never hurt to have a productive and useful hobby. For anyone that has become an Optometrist, Ophthalmologist, or a specialist in the field, how did you learn the previously mentioned while in Grad School? Thank you.

You wont find much online regarding the eyes. If you do, it will be extremely basic and not even close to the level that you will find in textbooks. In order to understand diseases, you will have to know the anatomy and physiology of the eyes. I would recommend you reading books in this order:
1) Anatomy book on the eyes
2) Visual Perception by Schwartz
3) Geometric, Physical, and Visual Optics - Keating
4) Book on refraction

Then you can learn about the diseases:
1) Start off by finding a book on anterior segment diseases
2) Find another book about posterior segment diseases
3) Ophthalmology - Yanoff is a good overall resource. Its about 2000 pages long, but it has good material in it.

I've listed about 2 years worth of material that is covered in optometry school.  (+ info)

Has anyone had Lebers Hereditary optic Neuropathy in one eye and not have it move to the other eye?

Lebers hereditary Optic Neuropathy is a genetic disease affecting the optic nerve. It is a bilateral illness .

Leber's Hereditary Optic Neuropathy is a rare condition which can cause loss of central vision. It usually affects men, most commonly in the late twenties or early thirties, but the symptoms can happen at any age, to men or women. Leber's Hereditary Optic Neuropathy was first described by Theodore Leber in the 19th century, but they only really started to understand the inheritance and cause of Leber's in the late 1980's. Usually Leber's affects one eye FIRST, so central vision is lost in that eye over a period of a few weeks. One or two months later, the second eye is affected in the same way. The time when someone is losing their eyesight is often called the 'acute' period. After a few more weeks, the eyesight stops getting worse. Although that describes the most common pattern for Leber's, it can also affect someone very suddenly, or can affect them more gradually over a period of years. Leber's is a genetic condition, that is, it is passed down through the family. Not everyone in a family affected by Leber's will lose their eyesight, and it is not yet known how to tell who will get symptoms. The present knowledge is that Leber's is inherited through a gene which is only passed on through the egg cell from the mother. Men cannot pass on Leber's Hereditary Optic Neuropathy to their children. Leber's Hereditary Optic Neuropathy is linked to a number of genes, all in the DNA of structures called Mitochondria. These provide energy to the cells of the body. It is thought that the particular gene changes linked to Leber's Hereditary Optic Neuropathy lower the amount of energy available to the cells of the optic nerve and retina. These cells are damaged and can even die because of this lack of energy. The damage to the optic nerve and retina is what causes the symptoms of Leber's.
There is no record of only one eye being affected only, without the second eye being affected at a later date.
Hope this helps
Matador 89  (+ info)

What hereditary diseases can have the chances of getting them reduced by having a healthy lifestyle?

cancer, heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, and many more  (+ info)

How does Hereditary diseases works?

I see patients who has the same kind of sickness as their parents do , or at least it runs in the family.What causes heriditary diseases to happen?

they work just like any other trait. normally disease are reccessive and don't show up unless both partners carry the gene. for example, way back when during the days of where kings and queens held all the power in england they had arranged marriages. they were paired with cousins, even sometimes brothers and sisters because it was believed that royal blood was the same as jesus, so they tried to keep any "commoner" from marrying into the family. this way their blood stayed "pure." however, because they were so closely related they carried many of the same traits. one of those recessive traits was hemophilia (a disease that prevents your blood from clotting well). hemophilia turned out to be the reason for many deaths in the royal family.

when parents have children their genes are split with the children. if the parents don't know that they have a desease in their family like hemophilia they may give it to thier kids, but only if both parents carry the same trait. it takes to reccessive genes to show up, but one dominant can over power most reccessive.  (+ info)

Does anyone know eye diseases that people aged around 20 can get?

Preferably something that is serious it doesn't matter how rare.

Hopefully this is for a homework assignment and you'll follow up with my suggestions, because diseases are very interesting and I'm sure that you'll learn something new as you continue your research.

I'll give you a list of conditions and you can decide for yourself how rare or severe they are. One of these conditions might not be obvious, but eye problems are often its first manifestation!

Multiple Sclerosis
Eales Disease  (+ info)

Would a eye surgery doctor know alot about eye diseases or and eye doctor who specialize in eye diseases?

I need to find the right doctor to check for some type of eye diseases,glucoma,etc>.... i was wondering would and eye surgery doctor be very help since they should know alot which doctor eye doctor do you recommend.I think and eye surgery doctor would know more about eye diseases since they do all types of eye surgery it is true

don't go to an optometrist. go to an ophthalmologist (eye doctor that does surgery)
you should see one that specializes in glaucoma. if you don't know a dr that specializes in it then just call your optometrist to ask for the name of one in your area.  (+ info)

Smoking has been linked to certain eye diseases?

Would you give up the ciggies to save your sight?

I knew already and I've stopped smoking.  (+ info)

what are some interesting eye diseases?

I need one for my biology report and i want one that will have lots of information and is interesting.


  (+ info)

how to reduce hereditary under eye bags?

hey im 14 and i have bags under my eyes. im pretty sure they are hereditary but they bother quite a lot. if anyone knows how to get rid of them or reduce them please let me know. Or even anyway to cover them up with make up. thanks

once a night for 15 mins, cut some cucumber slices and put them on your eyes. the chemicals in a cucumber soothe eye bags. also, take 2 used teabags and leave them a little moist, but make sure their room temp, and leave them on your eyes again for 15 mins every night. you could actually alternate the two!

the tea bags can also be frozen, all that needs to happen is they have to be on your eyes for 15 mins. and if you take them of, wait a while before washing your face! let the chemicals o in first!  (+ info)

After I recover from eye diseases I have a problem. My eyes are dry. I think tears not comming What can I do ?

Doctors has given refresh tears to use every day. I want to know is there any permenent solution ?

Why won't your doctors tell you what they think is going on? I would insist on them telling you what their diagnosis and prognosis is. Sometimes you really have to be the one to demand answers. In my experience with eye doctors, they don't volunteer a lot. It's probably because they're real busy and they have learned to make a patient visits as efficient as possible. Unless they're selling you laser surgery or glasses. But I think they should be the ones to answer your question, not Y!Answers.  (+ info)

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