FAQ - Focal Nodular Hyperplasia
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How would you prevent intimal hyperplasia?


Intimal hyperplasia is the universal response of a vessel to injury and is an important reason of late bypass graft failure, particularly in vein and synthetic vascular grafts.
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Low dose beta radiation seems to be a goer.
Antioxidants seem not to be useful.

Femoropopliteal PTFE (polytetrafluoroethylene) bypass with distal AS interposition provides improved graft patency and limb salvage rates when compared with those published in the literature for PTFE bypass without the (distal arterial segment) AS.  (+ info)

What is focal central disc protrusion with calcification at the L5-S1 producing impression on thecal sac?


I had a CT for something else, and the radiologist found a problem with my back. The report said there was a focal central disc protrusion with calcification at the L5-S1 level producing a subtle impression on the anterior aspect of the thecal sac.

I'm waiting on the doctor to call. What does this mean? Should I be concerned because I'm only 26? Any experiences?
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You have a small herniated disc in your back - this is actually a fairly normal finding and a lot of people have them, they only cause symptoms in a percentage of the population. The impression on the thecal sac indicates it is abutting one of the multiple layers surrounding and holding the last of the nerves exiting your spinal cord (called the cauda equina) (although your spinal cord ends at about L1-L2, inches higher than your herniated disc). Calcifications are really non-specific and generally nothing to worry about. All in all, if you aren't experiencing any symptoms from this, they are all incidental and relatively benign findings. Follow up with your doctor on your concerns, he should be able to reassure you. Good luck!  (+ info)

I need help with nodular acne and post acne marks?


I have been suffering from nodular acne for a while now and not only are the nodes unsightly, but very uncomfortable. What is they best way to prevent them or deal with them? Is there anything that I can do in the node's early stage to kill it? Please, any advice for getting rid of both nodular and post acne marks are greatly appreciated. Thank you for all of your help.
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I used to have very bad cystic acne and I tried this website and I couldn't have been happier.My skin is completely clear now and the results are almost immediate.Try it out.I'm sure they can help you too.  (+ info)

Is it possible to have a healthy pregnancy with Focal segmental glomular sclerosis?


I am 28 yrs old and have already lost 2 babies, I want to know if it is possible to have healthy baby even though I have been diaignosed with Focal segmental glomular sclerosis! Or if I just not even consider it!
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I'm not even sure what that is. I would ask this question under the Women's health category as well. Maybe someone there will have better answers for you. Did your doctor tell you it was possible? Sorry for your losses.  (+ info)

Is there anything I can do at home to heal a nodular cyst?


I just didn't know if I could promote the healing of a nodular cyst without going to see a doctor. I get one every so often on my face, and they take forever, it seems, to go away, and I usually end up irritating them before they heal, making them stay longer. ...Thank you all for your time and help.
I really don't feel the need for a prescription since I only get one every now and again, and after time, they heal on their own. I just want to find something I can get over-the-counter to speed up the process. Thanks, though.
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If you have the problem of nodular cysts occuring again and again, you should do two things.

take treatment of Isiotretinoin.
Treat the acne before it becomes a cyst.


Treatment Regimen For Severe Acne


In severe form of acne, you may have nodules and cysts that are all inflamed. Treating this acne takes more time and patience. Your doctor will treat you with combination therapy to control and cure the acne while trying to take care that minimum scars form. The treatment regimen for severe acne may include physical as well as oral and topical treatments. The options may include- isotretinoin, oral antibiotics, oral contraceptives for female patients, injecting corticosteroid in the lesions and surgical procedure. Let us find out more about these.

Isotretinoin:
Isotretinoin is one of the most potent treatments for severe form of acne which has not responded well to other therapies. Isotretinoin is a retinoid which is a form of vitamin A. Isotretinoin helps treat all the four reasons of acne formation:
a. Excess oil,
b. Clogged pores,
c. Inflammation, and
d. The bacteria p.acnes.

The normal course of isotretinoin is one or two pills a day for up to twenty weeks. Your dermatologist will decide the dose. Don't take Isotretinoin without medical supervision.

Side Effects Of Isotretinoin:
For women, it is very important to be in constant contact with their doctor because isotretinoin can cause damage to development of fetus. It cannot be given during pregnancy and before the treatment begins, all possibilities of pregnancy have to be eliminated. Talk to your doctor in detail about this and follow his/her instructions very strictly. The other side-effects of isotretinoin may include joint pains, headaches, nausea, depression and others. You must not miss your appointment with your doctor while taking isotretinoin.

Oral Antibiotics:
Broad spectrum antibiotics can reduce the bacteria p.acnes substantially. With reduction in the population of this bacterium, inflammation reduces. The antibiotic may include drugs such as - tetracycline, erythromycin, doxycycline, etc.

Oral Contraceptives For Female Patients:
Overactive sebaceous glands produce more sebum and are one of the main causes of acne. Some oral contraceptives can reduce the production of excessive sebum. These drugs should be taken only under medical supervision. Sometimes, you may have to consult the gynaecologist, for which your doctor will advise you.

Injecting Corticosteroid In The Lesion:
In this treatment, a mild steroid is injected in the cyst. The steroid reduces the acne substantially within a few days. This treatment also prevents scarring as it reduces the possibility of bursting of a cyst and dries it totally.

Surgical Procedure:
Your doctor may find it necessary to cut open the acne and drain it. This procedure needs skill and patients should not try this themselves.  (+ info)

What are the best multi-focal contact lenses?


I have been experimenting with new contact lenses.
I tried the mono-focal, one eye sees close up the other far away.
This did not work for me. I am now trying a pair of multi-focal lenses which are better, but still aren't quite sharp enough up close. Ideally I would like to find the lenses that work and feel the best.
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I had Bausch & Lomb and I'm with you...mine were not sharp enough. My Optometrist told me they never would be really sharp. Like you, I hated that. I don't have an answer, but I'm glad you asked this question. I'll be watching to see what your answers are. Maybe we'll both find good lenses!

Cheers!  (+ info)

What is atypical hyperplasia of the breast?


Mine is not cancerous, but can it turn into cancer, and what can I do to prevent it from turning into cancer. Right now they have me on tomxafin.
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You're already doing what you should do, taking the tomixafin. Atypical hyperplasia means that the cells are abnormal, but not cancerous. It does put you at a higher risk in developing cancer. If you have family history that raises the risk. But because you've discovered this you will be monitoring very closely and if indeed something turns up, you'll be ready. Tomixafin is the treatment of choice because it works...so try not to worry too much.  (+ info)

What types of intestinal diseases are associated with nodular mucosa in the ileum?


I just got my results back from a colonoscopy and that is what the gastroenterologist found. I've been suffering from unexplained chronic diarrhea (sorry if it's too much info) and edema for 4 years. Advice from anybody from the medical profession would be much appreciated.
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Nodular mucosa of the ileum could indicate Crohn's disease. Classically this disease presents with a 'cobblestone' appearance of the mucosa, especially in the ileum. Do a quick search on Wiki and it will tell you all you may ever want to know about Crohn's disease. Good luck!  (+ info)

What is meant by acute focal infarct MRI brain ?


My hubby feeling giddy & weak got an MRI of brain & angiography.Impression- Acute focal infarct in left posterior capsule-ganglionic region extending to adjacent thalamus.Periventricular ischemic changes.
How serious is condition? He hasn't told me anything yet.I found the report in his bag.
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I would advice you to take it seriously. Infarct means that some vessel is not supplying blood to the part of the brain involved and this affects the brain cells involved in that area. So be quick and serious and contact your family doctor for further reference to Neurologist.  (+ info)

Has anyone tried bi-focal contacts, and if so, what's your opinion of them?


I am needing bifocals and have heard about bi-focal contacts, but have not tried it. I currently wear soft lenses. Thanks!
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no  (+ info)

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