FAQ - Gastrointestinal Diseases
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Need help with my homework on the gastrointestinal or digestive diseases/disorders?


I need to write about a gastrointestinal system or digestive system disease/disorder. I need to describe what it is, causes, symptoms and treatments. Anyone know any good links?
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Gastroparisis,is also a good one to do cause its really rare.  (+ info)

Gastrointestinal diseases interfer with what system? How do you empty an urinary collection?


Gastrointestinal refers to your stomach and your intestines. If you have a catheter for your urinal collection, then undo the tap and drain it into a sterile pot.  (+ info)

epidermal growth factors their receptors and role in gastrointestinal diseases?


I WANT TO KNOW THE ROLE OF EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTORS IN GASTROINTESTINAL DISEASES,THE INFORMATION BEING AT ADVANCED LEVEL FOR DOCTORS
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try www.pubmed.com for more info.
EGFRs are a family of tyrosine kinase receptors. When their ligands (EGF, hereguilin, etc. ) bind to them, the receptors dimerize and start a cascade of phosphorylation that ends in the transcription of a variety of genes. When the transcription of these genes is disregulated (because you either have too much EGFRs, the EGFRs are always turned on, or always turned off), it can result in a variety of diseases, not just gastrointestinal.  (+ info)

What are some gastrointestinal diseases or disorders where tests come normal?


I have been having abdominal pains for several months and the gastroenterologists have not been able to figure out why. I went to ER and they too could not determine the cause of pain.,

Colonoscopy, stomach cat scan, chest x-ray, blood test, stool test etc etc all came normal.

During endoscopy i was given the diagnosis of gastritis. I take medication for that but the pain still exists.

I know one such disorder where all tests come normal is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), but the medications for IBS also don't help me.

So what other GI disorder/diseases besides IBS exist where all tests come normal?

And what to do about this consistent abdominal pains?
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  (+ info)

What diseases can be caused by raw sewage or sewage mixed with rainwater backing into your basement?


Could it cause gastrointestinal problems and severe fatigue?
Can it cause a stroke?
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You didn't mention the type of exposure, long term or just short term ( i.e basement backing up due to clog in main sewer pipe)

Here is what I know.

Human exposure to raw sewage can lead to illness ranging from mild gastroenteritis, severe fatigue, cholera, Hepatitis and much more. If you have been exposed it is important to seek medical attention and be tested for various diseases immediately. Strokes and other ailments can be caused by being exposed to raw materials as well but are usually brought on by other ailments caused by the initial exposure.

Good Luck and Best Wishes!
~*JustaStingyHag*~  (+ info)

What are the gastrointestinal symptoms of Scleraderma?


The results of my colonscopy reveal a "spent" intestine. It is flacid, narrowed. Several doctors tell me it is because of too much laxative usage. I don't take laxatives and never have. Could the cause be scleraderma? Does anyone have a personal experience with the disease? Anyone else have an idea?
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I found this site that may help you.  (+ info)

Helminthic diseases are usually transmitted to humans by what?


A) Respiratory route
B) Genitourinary route
C) Vectors
D) Aerosols
E) Gastrointestinal route
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E) Gastrointestinal route  (+ info)

What diseases would have the symptom of coughing up blood or blood in the phlegm?


This is not a symptom of my own so please don't tell me to go to the doctor, it is for a piece of work I have to do for College.

If you could tell me the name of a disease/ diseases that cause this, preferably not consumption or TB, a little about it and other symptoms it would be a massive help!
If you could also include treatment options and how serious a disease it is that would also be fantastic!



Hope you can help! Thanks!
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First: spitting up blood is clinically known as: HEMOPTYSIS (bloody sputum, spit)
Yes, pneumonia is the most likely, but......
The following is from my medical e-book (I'm a nursing student)

"Blood in the sputum (hemoptysis) is most often seen in clients with chronic bronchitis or lung cancer. Clients with tuberculosis, pulmonary infarction, bronchial adenoma, or lung abscess may have grossly bloody sputum."
Also the end stage of cycstic fibrosis will present with hemoptysis.

a biggie in the hospital is:
PULMONARY EMBOLISM
PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
A pulmonary embolism (PE) is a collection of particulate matter (solids, liquids, or gaseous substances) that enters venous circulation and lodges in the pulmonary vessels. Large emboli obstruct pulmonary blood flow, leading to decreased systemic oxygenation, pulmonary tissue hypoxia, and potential death. Any substance can cause an embolism, but a blood clot is the most common.

Pulmonary embolism is the most common acute pulmonary disease (90%) among hospitalized clients. In most people with PE, a blood clot from a deep vein thrombosis (DVT) breaks loose from one of the veins in the legs or the pelvis. The thrombus breaks off, travels through the vena cava and right side of the heart, and then lodges in a smaller blood vessel in the lung. Platelets collect with the embolus, triggering the release of substances that cause blood vessel constriction. Widespread pulmonary vessel constriction and pulmonary hypertension impair gas exchange. Deoxygenated blood shunts into the arterial circulation, causing hypoxemia. About 12% of clients with PE do not have hypoxemia.

Pulmonary embolism affects at least 500,000 people a year in the United States, about 10% of whom die. Many die within 1 hour of the onset of symptoms or before the diagnosis has even been suspected.

For clients with a known risk for PE, small doses of prophylactic subcutaneous heparin may be prescribed every 8 to 12 hours. Heparin prevents excessive coagulation in clients immobilized for a prolonged period, after trauma or surgery, or when restricted to bedrest. Occasionally, a drug to reduce platelet aggregation, such as clopidogrel (Plavix), is used in place of heparin.



A smaller one that popped up in the book:
GOODPASTURE'S SYNDROME
PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
Goodpasture's syndrome is an autoimmune disorder in which autoantibodies are made against the glomerular basement membrane and neutrophils. The two organs with the most damage are the lungs and the kidney. Lung damage is manifested as pulmonary hemorrhage. Kidney damage manifests as glomerulonephritis that may rapidly progress to complete renal failure (see Chapters 74 and 75). Unlike other autoimmune disorders, Goodpasture's syndrome occurs most often in adolescent or young adult men. The exact cause or triggering agent is unknown.

COLLABORATIVE MANAGEMENT
Goodpasture's syndrome usually is not diagnosed until serious lung and/or kidney problems are present. Manifestations include shortness of breath, hemoptysis (bloody sputum), decreased urine output, weight gain, generalized nondependent edema, hypertension, and tachycardia. Chest x-rays show areas of consolidation. The most common cause of death is uremia as a result of renal failure.

Spontaneous resolution of Goodpasture's syndrome has occurred but is rare. Interventions focus on reducing the immune-mediated damage and performing some type of renal supportive therapy.

  (+ info)

What diseases can you get from cutting yourself with a rusty knife?


This is a question from a growing nurse. I've always wondered if you really can get a disease from a rusty knife or any rust and what kind of diseases you can get.
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staph aureus and staph epidermidis are commonly found on the skin and are responsible for
most infected wounds. methicillin resistant staph aureus (MRSA) is becoming a serious
problem. tetanus (clostridium tetani) is also a possibility but is usually not a problem with superficial
cuts that bleed a lot. infected wounds not treated properly can become gangrenous (clostridium
perfringens). clostridium bacteria are anaerobic which means that require a lack of oxygen to
grow. poor circulation or elevating an infected foot may lead to gangrene due to the lack of oxygen
in the infected area. if a person touches the cut with unclean hands, e. coli could infect the wound.  (+ info)

How were these diseases prevented or cured in the 1600 to early 1700s?


Measles
Smallpox
Chickenpox
Malaria

How were some of these diseases dealt with in the 1600s? If there was no cure or anything to prevent the diseases to happen can you explain why and what resulted in these situations? Thanks!
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Inoculation was sometimes used to prevent smallpox but basically either you lived or you died. Most survived chickenpox & measles but there were those who died or were left scarred or with damage to the vision or nervous system. Malaria was a disease of the tropics and is found in parts of Africa, Asia, the Middle East, Central and South America, Hispaniola, and Oceania. Mostly people died.

The 1600s were in the 17th century & the 1700s were in the 18th century. Do some online research.  (+ info)

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