FAQ - Heart Defects, Congenital
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Are there any medical guidelines for people with congenital heart defects and tattoos?

I have a Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) and want a tattoo. I have been cleared from taking antibiotics for dental work but still need them for surgery. Is it safe to get a tattoo and should I take antibiotics as a prevention?

Yes, so you simply take from antibiotics. That's just the way it is  (+ info)

Is there a bright future for children born with heart defects such as congenital heart disease?

Any graphs or statisics with sources would be helpful so that I can get a wider view to my research.

My child has a heart called AV canal defect and has had 4 open heart surgeries (two of which has been mitral valve replacements) He also has severe pulmonary hypertension related to the heart defect. By looking at him you would think he is a healthy child (except he wears oxygen 24 7). He is very happy and does not let this get him down. Its been a long road because they are more prone getting sick so you cannot take them many places.
This is just my experience but my child has followed his own path.
They can have bright futures but sometimes it takes a while to get there .  (+ info)

The most common cyanotic congenital heart defect that is actually a combination of four defects is called?

ventricular septal defect.
patent ductus arteriosus.
tetralogy of Fallot.
none of the above.

Tetralogy of Fallot

From Wikipedia:
"Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is a congenital heart defect which is classically understood to involve four anatomical abnormalities (although only three of them are always present). It is the most common cyanotic heart defect, representing 55-70%, and the most common cause of blue baby syndrome."  (+ info)

i have a question about congenital heart defects?

my daughter was born with a hypoplastic aortic arch, a coarctation of the aorta and a small hole in her heart....i did not know of her condition until after birth. i had a very normal pregnancy. during ultrasounds i felt like the technician always looked at her heart more than everything else....one time i had to have a repeat ultrasound because they "couldnt get a good look at the heart" ??? doctors have assured me that this was not a problem they could have diagnosed or seen without having a fetal echocardiagram. i never had any special ultrasounds--just the regular one in the drs office. im just wondering if anyone else had this happen? or if there is an ultrasound tech out there that can give me some more info about if i could have known about this before my daughter born. her defects were so bad that when her "PDA" started to close she went into heart failure and shock and she almost didnt make it.

First of all, a fetal echo is not a risky procedure. It's just an ultrasound done by a pediatric cardiologist looking only at the heart. It does expose the fetus to more radiation, which is not the best thing in the world, but I firmly believe that the benefits of prenatal diagnosis outweigh this.

My daughter was diagnosed prenatally with hypoplastic left heart syndrome. After several attempts to look at the heart and being unable to get good pictures of it (which the u/s tech attributed to the position she was lying in) the doctors in my OB practice just happened to pick my case to review and recommended a level II u/s for a second opinion. If they hadn't been going over it more closely I don't know if we would have known about her heart defect prenatally. I consider us lucky that the doctors caught that. That's why I tell everyone I know that if the u/s tech has a problem seeing your baby's heart well, request a level II if they don't suggest it. Heart defects are the most common birth defect, occuring in about 1% of newborns. Most are not as severe as my daughter or yours though.

A baby's heart is tiny, about the size of a walnut when they are born full term, and smaller than that in utero. It can be hard for even a trained u/s technician to see all of its parts. The only reason they caught my daughter's is because one of the ventricles was practically nonexistent, and that's one of the larger structures of the heart. I can't imagine it would be easy to detect a COA/HAA on a regular u/s - those structures are just so small.

My daughter is 20 months old, has had two open heart surgeries, and is doing absolutely fabulous. You would never know anything is wrong with her heart. Positive outcomes are very common.

Anyway, I hope this helps. You are not alone - there are a lot of parents dealing with CHD, many who did not find out about their child's defect until after birth. I know it is very devastating. I hope your daughter is doing well now.

(nurse_kiddy - I replied to the email you sent me but I'm not sure it went through - did you get it? amelias_mommy2005@yahoo.com)  (+ info)

What is the best way or treatment for congenital heart defects or "hole in heart"?

The hole size is 1.8cm. What are the success rate and risks of different types of operation or and different type of treatments? How long will a patient considered fully recovered from such procedures? Can a person lead a normal life after operation/treatment?

This article will help you out:

SEPTAL DEFECT is an abnormality developed before birth. There are two types: ventricular septal defect (VSD) and atrial septal defect (ASD). In both cases oxygenated blood is forced from the left to the right side of the heart through a hole in the partition between the two sides. Too much blood passes into the lungs (via the pulmonary artery) and too little to the body tissues (via the aorta).

Ventricular septal defects are the most common, affecting about 150 babies in every 100,000. A small defect produces little or no effect but with a large ventricular hole, heart failure may develop six to eight weeks after birth. With large atrial defects, however, heart failure may not develop for many years or not at all.

The diagnosis is based on hearing a heart murmur (abnormal heart sounds made by turbulent blood flow) through a stethoscope. This is then followed by a chest x-ray and ECG.

Until recently, the only way to close a hole was though open-heart surgery. A revolutionary key-hole procedure is being trialled at the Royal Children's Hospital in Melbourne. A device called a septal occluder is inserted through a hole in the groin. It is sucked into a tube and fed through to the heart. When in place the device opens like an umbrella and instantly blocks the hole. In a few minutes a blood clot will form on the wire discs making a watertight skin. As the patient grows the heart will grow around the septal occluder.

Recovery is about 24 hours compared with two weeks for open heart surgery. Once the results of these trials have been evaluated it is hoped the procedure will b e available throughout Australia within six months.
In other procedures total recovery is in six month and the patient lead a Normal Span Of Life.
The risk is now very small,(much reduced) with advance technology.  (+ info)

Anyone know about congenital heart defects?

I need one that people are (obviously) born with, that would need surgery by teenage years if not earlier. Also, what are those things called, the defibulator (sp?), that are like inside the chest, and will shock if the heart rate goes over a certain rate? It's for a story I'm writing and wikipedia-ing it was making me dizzy from the pics, so a starting point would be very much appreciated. Thanks!
I need the name of *A* heart defect, as a starting point.

Ventricular Septal Defect is about one of the most common congenital heart defects in newborn babies. Most CHDs are caused by chromosomal abnormalities (a deleted chromosome, mutated, etc). There are some genetic predispositions such as babies with parents that have heart defects. Environmental factors such as smoking, infections, maternal infections (rubella), drugs, and maternal illnesses may also cause these defects while the fetus is developing.

Forgot to answer some of your questions. The apparatus that shocks the heart to reestablish a stable heart beat is called a Defribillator ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Defibrillator)  (+ info)

artificial heart valves were a major breakthrough in treating people with congenital valve defects....*urgent?

why is this technology so important?

It is important because while it is not common for a baby to have a congenital heart defect, having an artificial valves give that patient a higher chance of survival. When it comes to cadaver valves or a pig valve, a lot of times the body will not accept it. Artificial seem like they have a less of a chance of being denied. My brother's daughter had a pig valve placed in, and it failed. They had to use an artificial heart valve, which the body accepted immediately.

My son was born with transposition of the great artery, and had do undergo major surgery when he was 2 days old to save his life. The issue is, they call it a "switch" procedure, where they cut the valves and connect them the same way, hence, the "switch". But since the arteries attached the valves are so stretched out, he has a major murmur that he will probably need fixed in the next few years. If we had an artificial heart/artery, it wouldn't be needed.  (+ info)

What are some nursing interventions for a newborn with congenital heart defects before & after surgery?

interventions before and after heart surgery? could you elaborate please. What is the actual diagnosis ?  (+ info)

Heart disease (Congenital heart defects) and hot tube question? ?

I have a daughter who has very complex heart defects (also called heart disease) and I read somewhere, that if you have a heart problem you should not go into a hot tube? Is that right? If so, what does it do to heart patients?

That is right, no hot tub or sauna. It stresses the heart, and can cause death.  (+ info)

can an echocardiogram detect congenital heart defects?

i guess my question should be can it find all heart defects or diseases, congenital or acquired

yes, if they're structural the echo will see them, the same is the lessions cause problems with the contraction of the muscle or there's a anormality in the direction of the blood flows.-
  (+ info)

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