FAQ - Hiv Seropositivity
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What percentage of HIV patients recieved the virus from immunization needles administered by a doctor?

I'm just getting paranoid, becuase I went to a walk-in clinic to receive a vaccination. The vaccination was free, which surprised me. Does any one know the percentage of people that contract HIV from needles from doctors? I know they are supposed to toss the needle out, but there are shady doctors.

Immunization Injection safety http://www.unicef.org/immunization/23244_safety.html Questions about HIV and AIDS http://www.kingcounty.gov/healthservices/health/communicable/aids101/basics.aspx Safe and legal disposal of sharps http://www.kingcounty.gov/healthservices/health/communicable/hiv/resources/disposal.aspx  (+ info)

How easy is it to contract the hiv virus?

I know that you can catch hiv from unprotected sex, and blood transfusions, but is there any other way that you can contract it? Like for example is someone that has hiv uses something like lotion or some type of skin therapy on their body and then you use it, can you contract it? Or better yet how easy is it to contract this virus? And is it a rare virus?

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection results from 1 of 2 similar retroviruses (HIV-1 and HIV-2) that destroy CD4+ lymphocytes and impair cell-mediated immunity, increasing risk of certain infections and cancers. Initial infection may produce nonspecific febrile illness. The risk of subsequent manifestations—related to immunodeficiency—is proportional to the level of CD4+ lymphocytes. Manifestations range from asymptomatic carriage to the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), which is defined by serious opportunistic infections or cancers. HIV infection is diagnosable by antibody or antigen testing. Treatment aims to suppress HIV replication by combinations of drugs that inhibit HIV enzymes. (Merck)
Health Tip: Prevent HIV infection
• Stay faithful to your partner; do not have multiple sex partners.
• Avoid sex with an infected person and commercial sex workers.
• Use a condom for barrier protection.
• Do not reuse needles or syringes.
Please see the web pages for more details on HIV.  (+ info)

what are the symptoms to trace inorder to know an hiv infected individual?

People with different kind of sicknesses has what leads to it. That's the more reason i want to know the symptoms or signs to know an hiv infected person?

There is no clear cut way to tell..people with HIV show many different types of symptoms, or none at all. A blood test is the only way to ever know.  (+ info)

Is 9 weeks long enough to detect hiv in the bloodstream from a STD test?

I just recently had a STD test from an encounter with an ex-g/f from early november, approx 9 weeks...I got the results back and was negative on everything including hiv. Is this enough time to detect hiv or did I get the std test too soon?

More than 98% of people who have HIV would test postive within 3 months after getting infected. In rare cases, it can take up to 6 months for someone to test positive. Testing 3 months after possible exposure is recommended, followed by retesting 6 months after possible exposure.
It would not take a year for HIV to show up on testing.  (+ info)

Can HIV negative people understand what a person with HIV goes through?

It has been my experience that many can't. I was told by one that I she could but she was proven to be destructive to HIV people and that make it hard for most of us to trust people who are negative.

They can try to understand. I have been talking to a lot of HIV poz people and I know a lot of the things they go through. I have even researched a lot of the drugs and their side effects, trying to come up with the best cocktail for one of my closest friends.

If you really want to try to understand someone - you need to be there, ask questions, talk to the people who are suffering from it, understand the stigma surrounding their everyday lifes!

But one thing is for sue, HIV neg people can never trully understand!

But I try my best!  (+ info)

Whats the difference between HIV and STD and Herpes?

I dont understand that well. Does HIV kills you but in a long time or does STD. And herpes you can live with that disease for all your life?

HIV will kill you.  (+ info)

How accurate is an HIV test 4 days after potential exposure?

Some actual statistics or references would be nice. No reason to just give a guess. How does test accuracy change over time? And what are the numbers for tests taken very quickly after HIV exposure?

3 months is a conclusive test unless you are a regular IV drug user, suffer from cancer or have had a organ transplant, then test also at 6 months. If you test after 6 weeks post exposure, your test is very unlikely to change but test at 3 months to be sure.

6 weeks is the old 3 months
3 months is the old 6 months
6 months is the the old 1 year (only for people with under average immune systems like mentioned above)  (+ info)

Does someone who have HIV be able to work at a jobs that involves preparing food?

I've found out that a young lady that I work with have HIV/AIDS. She does not wear gloves in preparing customers food. How would feel?

Then on top of that she has a bad work attitude.
Is there must trust there?

There is no reason a person with HIV couldn't work preparing food. HIV is not passed on through food. She should not work if she is suffering any diarrhoeal diseases, though, the same as anyone else.

As for the gloves issue, there are some situations where people preparing food ought to wear gloves, particularly if they are handling money. But HIV is not a problem here: your colleague should take the same precautions as everyone else.  (+ info)

Why do gay and bisexual men have the highest rates of HIV infection?

In many parts of the world, men who have sex with men have the highest rates of HIV infection, disproportionally higher than women or heterosexual men.
Does anyone know what is responsible for this?

The primary reason is that anal sex is the easiest way to sexually transmit HIV.

The risk of unprotected receptive anal sex with a positive partner is 1 in 200 whereas the risk of unprotected receptive vaginal sex is 1 in 1000.  (+ info)

What is the acute HIV blood test you get after the rapid test?

Hello, here in NYC at the STD clinic you get the HIV rapid test to test for HIV antibodies. This happens 1 to 3 months. The result is ready in about 20 minutes.

After that I gave blood and this was the acute HIV test. They said to call back the lab in a week for it. What is the difference between the two tests.

The rapid test is a preliminary exam that is often associated with false positives and false negatives. The blood test is more reliable. Basically, both tests can detect HIV, the blood test is more reliable since it looks for the virus in your bloodstream.  (+ info)

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