FAQ - Hookworm Infections
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Humans and Hookworm infections Question?

Can humans get a hookworm infection more than once?

You and your kids and your pets can get rid of them one day and catch them the next.

My friend who is a doctor in the Pacific Islands says everyone has worms and by rule of thumb he takes one pill every six months and told me I should too.

Hookworms are so easy to catch. And fairly easy to get rid of and catch again..
Kids won't grow as they should if there are parasitic hookworms in their system.
i never heard of them dying from worms but I am pretty sure its happened.

Dogs personality's change when they have hookworms which you can catch from them. They behave like wimps, shake when they're wet, especially puppies, and get big stomaches from the worms.

IF YOU dont" give them medicine they very often will die>

People can catch them from going barefoot where dried dog poo has been.

Pin worms are even more common than hook worms but forutnately they make medicines that bet rid of either and both. You can inhale the eggs without knowing it so if one person in a household has them there's a good chance everyone does.  (+ info)

What are the signs and symptoms of a hookworm infection in animals?

Hookworms (Ancylostoma and Uncinaria) are one of the most common intestinal parasites of dogs and cats (especially puppies and kittens), and can cause severe disease including anemia and serious diarrhea. Hookworms have either teeth-like structures or cutting plates with which they attach themselves to the wall of the intestine and feed on the animal's blood.

Hookworms can cause a skin disease in humans called cutaneous larval migrans. Infections of the intestines in people can also cause a condition called 'eosinophilic enteritis", resulting in abdominal pain.

The common names of the hookworms and the animals they infect are shown below.

Latin Name
Common Name
Hosts Infected
A. caninum Canine hookworm Dog, fox, possibly humans (intestine)
A. braziliense Canine and feline hookworm Dog, cat, fox, man (skin)
U. stenocephala Northern canine hookworm Dog, cat, fox
A. tubaeforme Feline hookworm Cat

Hookworms are found throughout North America, although A. braziliense is more common in semitropical and tropical areas, and U. stenocephala in the colder north. Their life cycle has an unusual twist – animals can be infected by ingestion of larvae from contaminated soil or water; by eating an infected transport host; through larvae penetrating their skin; and by larvae infecting fetuses or the young in the uterus or through the milk.

What is the life cycle of hookworms?

The adult worms live in the small intestine of their host animal, where they attach themselves and feed on the host's blood. The adults lay eggs that pass out in the feces. In 2-10 days, the eggs hatch and the larvae are released. These larvae are excellent swimmers that travel through raindrops or dew on leaves and vegetation and wait for a suitable host animal to come along. The larvae enter a host either by being ingested or by burrowing through the host's skin.

Through the Skin: Larvae entering through the skin migrate through the bloodstream to the lungs and trachea, and are coughed up and swallowed. They attach themselves to the intestinal wall, mature, mate, and produce eggs, thus completing the life cycle. Some larvae may migrate to muscles, fat, or other tissues and become dormant.

Through Ingestion: Larvae may be ingested through contaminated food or water, from moist surfaces, or through transport hosts that have been infected by the larvae. Most larvae that are ingested usually pass down to the intestine where they mature into adults and remain. A few however, may migrate through tissues of the body and ultimately to the trachea where they are coughed up and swallowed. Some larvae will stop their migration midway and encyst in muscles, fat, or other tissues.

Through the Uterus or Milk: Larvae that encyst and lie dormant in the muscle, fat. or other tissues can subsequently migrate to the uterus of a pregnant animal and infect the fetuses. They can also migrate to the mammary glands of a lactating bitch and infect nursing puppies.

What are the signs and symptoms of a hookworm infection in animals?

A hookworm produces an anticoagulant in its saliva so the host's blood does not clot at the site the hookworm attaches. If the worm moves from that site to reattach itself at another, the first site may continue to bleed, sometimes seriously.

Hookworms, especially A. caninum can cause severe disease. By feeding on the oxygen-carrying blood of the host, hookworms can rapidly cause anemia. The mucous membranes e.g., gums, will appear pale, the animal will become weak, and sometimes black, tarry stools can be seen. There may be vomiting and diarrhea. Growth in young animals is stunted, and the hair coat may appear dull and dry. In severe infestations, animals may cough or develop pneumonia as the larvae migrate through the lungs. Animals may become emaciated and eventually die from the infection.  (+ info)

What are the main means of controlling a hookworm infection?

same as my pin worm answer except treat animals as well. You actually need to take hiugher dose of human worming tablets to treat hookworm. Treat animals now and then again in 6 weeks time.  (+ info)

Our dog was recently diagnosed with Hookworm and we have a 1 month old child?

Our dog was recently diagnosed with Hookworm and we have a 1 month old baby. She hasnt been in contact with this dog and is always in the bedroom. We wash our hands before coming into the room all the time. What is the risk of it affecting her?

It sounds like hookworms are easily prevented by not coming into contact with infected feces. The CDC says that if newborns or children become infected, it can be rather serious however, they are most common in poor countries. As long as she's not in direct contact with the dog, she should be fine.  (+ info)

What are some ways of preventing infections in wrestling?

I am a 15 year old freshman girl and i am going to join my high school's coed wrestling team next year. I know that if you wrestle you can get certain infections.

1.) I want to know what are some of the different infections.

2.) Also I want to know how I can prevent myself from getting these infections.

3.) Why do wrestlers get these infections?

Thanks to anyone who can help!

good luck, wrestling is a tough sport.

1. The most common form of infection is ring worm. Then there are rare cases of herpes and impetigo. Those last two are rare. After 10 years of wrestling I knew maybe 6 total people to get either of those.
2. The best way of preventing those kinds if infections is to shower 2-3 times a day. I would shower in the morning, right after practice, and at night. ALSO check to make sure your wrestling coach is mopping the mats EVERY DAY before practice (or getting one of the wrestlers to do it). You will see more cases of these infections on unclean mats.
3. Wrestlers get these infections bc of the main reason above... not washing the mats and not washing their bodies. Basically a mat room can reach temperatures over 100 degrees, there is a lot of sweat, people are sweating on each other, and sometimes you get those certain people that dont shower too often so they can infect others.
-Again I wouldnt worry about it. Ringworm goes away after a couple weeks of putting tinactin or lotrimin on it and it doesnt itch or anything. Just keep your body clean and make sure you are showering w anti-bacterial soap.

Good Luck  (+ info)

How is a hookworm infection treated in dogs?

A medication containing a wormer is given orally. You can buy these over the counter, at most pet stores. Most wormers that kill round worms will also kill hook worms. But read the ingredients on the package. If the main ingredient is Piperazine, it will not be effective on hook worms. Make sure you give 2 treatments to make sure you kill the larve. Normally in the first dose, you kill most of the adult worms, but it takes another dose, usually 2 weeks later to kill the larve and eggs. The best way to kill them is take you dog to the vet....  (+ info)

What kind of cervical infections are common during pregnancy?

I had an emergency doctor's visit today to figure out why I'd been spotting off and on and he mentioned that he thinks it is a cervical infection. I was just wondering what kind of cervical infections there are and how dangerous they are.

Here's an article for more information about the various cervical infections during pregnancy and what to do:
Bleeding during pregnancy: Why it happens, what to do
Vaginal bleeding during pregnancy has many causes. Some are serious, and some aren't. Know when to contact your health care provider.
Vaginal bleeding during pregnancy can be scary. It's not always a sign of trouble, however. In fact, most women who experience vaginal bleeding during pregnancy — particularly during the first trimester — go on to deliver healthy babies. By understanding the most common causes of vaginal bleeding during pregnancy, you'll know what to look for and when to contact your health care provider.
Bleeding during the first trimester
Many women experience light vaginal bleeding during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. Possible causes of vaginal bleeding during early pregnancy include:
Implantation. You may notice a small amount of vaginal bleeding very early in pregnancy, about 10 to 14 days after fertilization. This "implantation bleeding" happens when the fertilized egg attaches to the lining of your uterus. It's usually earlier, spottier and lighter in color than a normal menstrual period, and it doesn't last long. Some women mistake this light bleeding for a period and don't realize they're pregnant.
Cervical changes. When you're pregnant, more blood flows to your cervix. You may experience harmless vaginal bleeding after contact to your cervix, such as after sex or a pelvic exam.
Miscarriage. Up to 15 percent of known pregnancies end in miscarriage, according to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Vaginal bleeding is the primary sign of miscarriage. But bleeding doesn't necessarily mean you're having a miscarriage. Remember, most women who experience vaginal bleeding during pregnancy go on to deliver healthy babies.
Ectopic pregnancy. Sometimes an embryo implants somewhere outside the uterus, usually in a fallopian tube. This is known as an ectopic pregnancy. An embryo implanted outside the uterus can't survive. And without treatment, life-threatening blood loss is possible. In addition to vaginal bleeding, an ectopic pregnancy may cause abdominal or pelvic pain.
Molar pregnancy. Rarely, an abnormal mass — instead of a baby — forms inside the uterus after fertilization. Vaginal bleeding is the most common sign of a molar pregnancy.
Infection. Some cervical infections cause bleeding in early pregnancy.
When to contact your health care provider
During the first trimester, if you have slight vaginal bleeding that goes away within a day, tell your health care provider at your next visit. If you have any vaginal bleeding that lasts more than a day, contact your health care provider within the next 24 hours. Contact him or her immediately if you:
Experience moderate to heavy vaginal bleeding
Experience any amount of vaginal bleeding accompanied by abdominal pain, cramping, fever or chills
Pass tissue from your vagina
What to expect next
Your health care provider will likely ask questions about the bleeding and do a physical exam, including a pelvic exam. Depending on the severity of your symptoms, your health care provider may do lab tests or an ultrasound to assess your baby's well-being.
Typically, vaginal bleeding during the first trimester doesn't require treatment. Sometimes, however, your health care provider may recommend resting until the bleeding subsides. If you have a cervical infection, you may be given antibiotics.
If your health care provider diagnoses a miscarriage, you may choose to let it progress naturally or speed the process with medication or a minor surgical procedure known as dilation and curettage (D and C). During this procedure, the doctor dilates your cervix and gently suctions the tissue out of your uterus. Sometimes a long metal instrument with a loop on the end (curet) is used after the suction to scrape the uterine walls.
If you have an ectopic or molar pregnancy, you'll need prompt treatment. Sometimes an ectopic pregnancy can be treated with medication. In other cases, surgery is needed. With a molar pregnancy, a D and C is needed to remove the tumor from the uterus.
Bleeding during the second or third trimester
As the cervix begins to thin out and relax in preparation for labor, the thick plug of mucus that seals the opening of the cervix is dislodged. When this happens, you may notice a thick or stringy discharge that may be tinged with blood. This "bloody show" is a normal sign of impending labor that may occur up to a week or two before delivery.
A bloody show near the end of pregnancy isn't cause for concern. But other causes of bleeding during the second or third trimester are more worrisome, including:
Miscarriage. Vaginal bleeding is the primary sign of miscarriage. Although miscarriage is most common during the first trimester, a risk still exists in the second trimester.
Preterm labor. Light bleeding in the second or third trimester may be a sign of preterm labor, especially when accompanied by regular contractions, dull backache or pelvic pressure.
Problems with the cervix. A cervical infection, inflamed cervix or growths on the cervix may cause vaginal bleeding in the second or third trimester. Occasionally, light bleeding may be a sign that the cervix is opening prematurely (cervical incompetence). This can lead to preterm birth.
Placenta previa. Painless, bright red vaginal bleeding in the second or third trimester may indicate placenta previa — a serious problem in which the placenta partly or completely covers the opening to the birth canal. The bleeding may stop at some point, but it nearly always recurs days or weeks later.
Placental abruption. Rarely, the placenta begins to separate from the inner wall of the uterus before birth. This may cause bleeding that's scant, heavy or somewhere in between. The bleeding is usually accompanied by abdominal pain.
Uterine rupture. Rarely, the uterus tears open along the scar line from a prior C-section. This may cause vaginal bleeding, intense abdominal pain and abdominal tenderness. If your uterus ruptures — either before or during labor — an emergency C-section is needed to prevent life-threatening complications.
When to contact your health care provider
Contact your health care provider if you have any amount of vaginal bleeding in the second or third trimester. You'll likely need an exam in the doctor's office or hospital. Seek immediate care if you have vaginal bleeding accompanied by:
What to expect next
To determine what's causing the bleeding, your health care provider will likely do an ultrasound and a vaginal exam. Monitors may be used to detect contractions and track your baby's heart rate. If you've lost a significant amount of blood, you may need intravenous fluids or a blood transfusion. Your health care provider will closely monitor your baby for signs of distress.
Depending on the cause of the bleeding and various other factors, treatment may include bed rest or medication. If you have a cervical infection, you may be given antibiotics. In some cases, an emergency C-section may be recommended.
Details are key to diagnosis
If you experience vaginal bleeding during pregnancy, don't be shy about explaining your symptoms. Describe how much blood you passed, what it looked like, and whether it included any clots or tissue. If you use pads to soak up the blood, keep track of how many. All this information can help your health care provider determine if the bleeding is a normal part of pregnancy or something more serious — and what to do next.
If you need further information go straight to the website listed below.
Good Luck to you.
mom of 3 and 4th in 7 days at age 41  (+ info)

What happened when people got infections before antibiotics?

I used to get outer ear infections. I don't think they'd ever go away if I didn't have antibiotics; however, I cured one by myself once by putting alcohol in my ear. However, other infections aren't so simple. What if someone got a cut on their finger and it got infected before antibiotics? Would it ever go away, or would people die, etc?

Have you ever been to an "old graveyard" and noticed the ages of people when they died? They died in their 30s, 40s, the 60s was really really old. A lot of these people died with infections such as pneumonia. Many had wounds that would not heal also. However, there were many remedies that worked a little any way. Ginger root on the chest for coughing, barley in tea for infections of the skin, etc... The main problem with infection is spreading into the blood and then to other organs and cells. This is when you become septic and generally, without antibiotics, you will die. All medication comes from somewhere and a lot of healing meds that we use today come from plants. However, in the mass production of concentration in the medications, the meds of today work a whole lot better, as we can detect with the average age to live today is the middle 80s.  (+ info)

How can I stop getting infections and viruses due to bodybuilding?

I've recently started heavy weight training sessions in the gym but keep getting infections like flu and chest infections.

My weight training sessions are intense and I also do intense interval cardio on alternate days. My goal is weight gain and big muscles.

What can I take to help keep my immune system strong?

I would scrutinize your supplements or diet, something isn't right. Do you eat sugar? If so stop. Use hand sanitizer at the gym.

I highly recommend taking liberal amounts of EsterC & marine betacarotene (algae - spirulina or dunaliella) taken 3x day for 6 weeks to build up your immune system, you can then take once or twice a day thereafter for maintenance.  (+ info)

Any home remedy to an ear infections that someone might recommend?

Every 6 months or so I get an ear infection and I can't keep going to the doctor as I don't have health insurance. This started happening after moving to a different climate and until I am able to move somewhere else I need some home remedies to help me get rid of ear infections when they pop up. PLEASE help me with this as it is getting very old to have to go to the doctor for such a thing every 6 months. Thanks a lot!

Here you go I found this site it has alot of different home remedies for ear infection, and earaches. Hope that helps!!!!

  (+ info)

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