FAQ - Immune System Diseases
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What kinds of diseases attack your immune system?


That causes you to get sick more often that normal.
I'm 16 and even though I don't get as much rest as I should, I get sick more often than I should. Are there any diseases I could possibly have that would attack my immune system and cause it to crash?
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Not eating well and heavy periods would lead to you getting sick more than normal.  (+ info)

Are there any long term diseases that cause a weaker immune system?


I want to know if there are any diseases that are basically long lasting, even lifelong that cause a generally weaker immune system. So that a person with this disease would generally be more susceptible to basic colds and flu and get them quite often as opposed to a regular person. Any such conditions?
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HIV / AIDS and cancer are the two biggest ones for causing this...

Primary Immune Deficiency is another one. It's genetic, meaning you were born with it, and also means you have it your whole life. People who have this actually have part of their immune system "missing", so they get very sick very easily. In order to maintain some sort of normal life they need to have immunoglobulin injections regularly. Their symptoms can be similar to those who have HIV or AIDS.

Diabetes also causes increased susceptibility to infections, and people whose diabetes is more severe do have to be careful about what they're exposed to.

All autoimmune diseases (and there are a lot of them) essentially cause weakened immune systems due to the type of treatments that are necessary to treat the disease (immune suppressants). People being treated for autoimmune diseases need to be very careful about infections, because their immune systems are suppressed from the treatments, to the point that they can't fight them off easily.
There are too many autoimmune diseases to list here - hundreds. You may have a good result if you google "autoimmune disease". These range from systemic disorders, such as Lupus, to more specific disorders affecting certain systems, like Crohn's disease (affecting the bowel) and Rheumatoid Arthritis (affecting the joints). Autoimmune diseases are basically lifelong, although they can go into periods where there are no symptoms for awhile (remission).  (+ info)

Diseases or conditions that affect the immune system?


What are some diseases or conditions that affect the immune system? How can I find out more about the immune system?
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AIDS, Severe Combined Immune Deficiency, Steroid use, Chemotherapy for cancer, etc.

Then there are autoimmune diseases, such as Rheumatoid Arthritis, Crohn's Disease, etc.

Try doing a Google or Yahoo internet search. Go to a medical web site that is geared toward patients and read up.  (+ info)

Do autoimmune diseases suppress the immune system?


Do they? Or is it the drugs you take for autoimmune diseases that suppress the immune system? Can long term stress or autoimmune diseases suppress the immune system and affect test results, such as HIV, and cause false negatives or positives after about 7 months or so? If you're under a great deal of stress for a long time, or have an autoimmune disease, does it take longer for your body to produce antibodies against diseases, like HIV? Will 7 months have been long enough of a time to wait before getting tested for HIV? Especially since you're not sexually active or do drugs?

Thanks!
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Wow - you've quite a few questions there.

Autoimmune diseases can reduce your immune system's effectiveness, yes. However, diseases like Lupus cause the immune system to attack the body, in which case drugs are perscribed to subdue the immune system. Stress does indeed affect your body's immunity in a negative capacity.

Seven months, though? That's a long time for the body to recover its immune defense. Dealing with HIV is something best, perhaps, reserved for medical professionals. There are hosts of checks and tests that can give you definitive answers to your questions much better than the internet can.  (+ info)

What are 3 diseases associated with the immune system?


I know AIDS and Leukemia are two immune diseases or disorders (i'm sot sure what the proper word here is) but any other diseases would be helpful.
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Off the top of my head, I can think of a few autoimmune diseases such as Crohn's disease (attacks the gut), Multiple Sclerosis (affects the central nervous system), lupus (affects multiple organs), rheumatoid arthritis (primarily affects joints).

Allergies and asthma are also disorders associated with the immune system.

HIV progresses to AIDS.  (+ info)

EASY 10 POINTS!! : What parts of the body (i.e., Immune System) help prevent bacteria and diseases?


What parts of the body (i.e., Immune System) help prevent bacteria and diseases?
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immune, circulatory, excretory, skin  (+ info)

need a list of disorders/ Diseases that deal with the immune system.?


Im doing a report and i need a list of disorders/ Diseases that deal with the immune system. Please help me. I also nedd definitions and peferibly a link with more info.
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Here you go:
http://www.lib.uiowa.edu/hardin/md/immunology.html

Not only does it have the diseases, it also has individual links!

Have fun and good luck on your report!  (+ info)

Which category of diseases do viruses affect the immune system directly?


I need help with my biology assignment. Please answer ASAP!
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i am not sure what catogory but i know AIDS and HIV can.

i would not be coming here for homework help if i were you.  (+ info)

What are some ways to treat immune disorders? What are some diseases that may develop due to an immune system?


Autoimmune diseases can affect virtually every site in the body, including the endocrine system, connective tissue, gastrointestinal tract, heart, skin, and kidneys.

At least 15 diseases are known to be the direct result of an autoimmune response, while circumstantial evidence implicates >80 conditions with autoimmunity There are more than 80 different types of autoimmune disorders.

Examples of Autoimmune or Autoimmune Related Diseases

Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM). A form of encephalitis caused by an autoimmune reaction and typically occurring a few days or weeks after a viral infection or a vaccination.

Addison's disease. A disease often caused by autoimmune destruction of the adrenal cortex.

Ankylosing spondylitis. A chronic, painful, progressive inflammatory arthritis primarily affecting spine and sacroiliac joints, causing eventual fusion of the spine.

Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS). A disease that causes blood clots to form in veins and/or arteries.

Aplastic anemia. A disease caused by an autoimmune attack on the bone marrow.

Autoimmune hepatitis. A disorder wherein the liver is the target of the body's own immune system.

Autoimmune Oophoritis. A disorder in which the immune system attacks the female reproductive organs.

Celiac disease - sprue. A disease characterized by chronic inflammation of the proximal portion of the small intestine caused by exposure to certain dietary gluten proteins.

Crohn's disease. A form of inflammatory bowel disease characterized by chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract causing abdominal pain and diarrhea. There is also a theory that Crohn's Disease is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium avium paratuberculosis.

Diabetes mellitus type 1. A disorder that is characterized by a deficiency or absence of insulin production (Type I). It is often the consequence of an autoimmune attack on the insulin-producing beta cells in the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas.

Gestational pemphigoid. A pregnancy-related blistering condition where auto antibodies attack the skin.

Goodpasture's syndrome. A disease characterized by rapid destruction of the kidneys and hemorrhaging of the lungs through autoimmune reaction against an antigen found in both organs.

Graves' disease. A disorder of the thyroid caused by anti-thyroid antibodies that stimulate the thyroid into overproduction of thyroid hormone. It is the most common form of hyperthyroidism.

Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). An acquired immune-mediated inflammatory disorder of the peripheral nervous system. Also referred to as: acute idiopathic polyradiculoneuritis, acute idiopathic polyneuritis, acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, and Landry's ascending paralysis.

Hashimoto's disease. A condition characterized by initial inflammation of the thyroid, and, later, dysfunction and goiter. There are several characteristic antibodies (e.g., anti-thyroglobulin). A common form of hypothyroidism,
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. An autoimmune disease where the body produces anti-platelet antibodies resulting in a low platelet count.

Kawasaki's disease. A disorder caused by an autoimmune attack on the arteries around the heart.

Lupus erythematosus. A chronic (long-lasting) non organ specific autoimmune disease wherein the immune system becomes hyperactive and attacks normal tissue. This attack results in inflammation and brings about symptoms.

Mixed Connective Tissue Disease. A disorder that has features of other connective tissues diseases — lupus, polymyositis, rheumatoid arthritis, and scleroderma, diagnosed by the presence of anti-body U1-RNP.

Multiple sclerosis. A disorder of the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) characterized by decreased nerve function due to myelin loss and secondary axonal damage.

Myasthenia gravis. A disorder of neuromuscular transmission leading to fluctuating weakness and fatigue. Weakness is caused by circulating antibodies that block (antagonist) acetylcholine receptors at the neuromuscular junction.

Opsoclonus myoclonus syndrome (OMS). A neurological disorder that appears to the result of an autoimmune attack on the nervous system. Symptoms include ataxia, intention tremor, dysphasia, dysarthria, myoclonus, mutism, hypotonia, opsoclonus, lethargy, irritability or malaise. About half of all OMS cases occur in association with neuroblastoma.

Optic neuritis. An inflammation of the optic nerve that may cause a complete or partial loss of vision.

Ord's thyroiditis. Thyroiditis similar to Hashimoto's disease, except that the thyroid is reduced in size.

Pemphigus. An autoimmune disorder that causes blistering and raw sores on skin and mucous membranes.

Pernicious anaemia. An autoimmune disorder characterized by anemia due to malabsorption of vitamin B12

Primary biliary cirrhosis. An autoimmune disease that affects the biliary epithelial cells (BECs) of the small bile duct in the liver. Although the cause is yet to be determined, most of the patients (>90%) appear to have auto-mitochondrial anti-bodies (AMAs) against pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC), an enzyme that is found in the mitochondria.

Rheumatoid arthritis. An autoimmune disorder that causes the body's immune system to attack the bone joints.

Reiter's syndrome. An autoimmune disease affecting various body systems in response to a bacterial infection and the body's confusion over the HLA-B27 marker .

Sjögren's syndrome. An autoimmune disorder in which immune cells attack and destroy the exocrine glands that produce tears and saliva.

Takayasu's arteritis. An auto immune disorder that results in the narrowing of the lumen of arteries.

Temporal arteritis (also known as "giant cell arteritis"). An inflammation of blood vessels, most commonly the large and medium arteries of the head. Untreated, the disorder can lead to significant vision loss.

Warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia. A auto immune disorder characterized by IgM attack against red blood cells

Wegener's granulomatosis . A form of vasculitis that affects the lungs, kidneys and other organs.

Diseases suspected or theorized to be linked to autoimmunity are:

Alopecia universalis

Behçet's disease

Chagas' disease

Chronic fatigue syndrome

Dysautonomia

Endometriosis

Hidradenitis suppurativa

Interstitial cystitis

Lyme disease

Morphea

Neuromyotonia

Narcolepsy

Psoriasis

Sarcoidosis

Schizophrenia

Scleroderma

Ulcerative colitis

Uveitis

Vitiligo

Vulvodynia


Treatment

There is no known prevention for most autoimmune disorders. The goals of treatment are to reduce symptoms and control the autoimmune process while maintaining the body's ability to fight disease. Treatments vary widely and depend on the specific disease and your symptoms.For instance:

If the autoimmune disorder affects the blood, the person may need blood transfusions. Measures to help with movement or other functions may be needed for autoimmune disorders that affect the bones, joints, or muscles.

Some patients may need supplements to replenish a hormone or vitamin that the body is lacking. Examples include thyroid supplements, vitamins, or insulin injections.
Medicines are often prescribed to control or reduce the immune system's response. Such medicines may include corticosteroids and immunosuppressant drugs such as cyclophosphamide or azathioprine.

I hope this informqtion helps. I will post a longer more detailed answer at www.musclemagfitness.com later this week for you as well.

Best Regards  (+ info)

Does anyone know reliable sites for studying diseases and immune system?


This looks promising:
http://www.microbiologybytes.com/iandi/index.html  (+ info)

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