FAQ - Leptospirosis
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How does Parvo and Leptospirosis diseases affects a dog and cat?

Canine Parvovirus

This highly contagious virus is often fatal, especially in very young or debilitated dogs. There are two forms, one that primarily affects the gastrointestinal tract causing diarrhea, and one that causes inflammation of the heart. Both types of Parvovirus have severe symptoms.

Parvovirus is transmitted from dog to dog by contact with infected feces. The virus can be transferred through contact with contaminated bedding, cage materials, shoes, and other objects.

Disease Signs:

Loss of appetite
Painful abdomen
High Fever
Severe diarrhea
Bloody diarrhea

Parvovirus vaccines are essential in preventing this deadly disease. All dogs should be vaccinated on their prescribed schedule, and contact with sick dogs avoided.

Canine Leptospirosis Vaccine:

Leptospirosis is caused by a bacteria called a spirochete. It is a contagious disease that can be transmitted between species, including humans. Transmission is through contact with infected urine, drinking or eating contaminated water or food. Most cases are mild and not life threatening.

Disease Signs:

Loss of appetite
Pain in kidneys
Ulcers in mouth
Ulcers on tongue
Bleeding from mouth
Blood in stools
Increased thirst
Increased urination
Muscle stiffness

Vaccinations provide good immunity for this disease, and dogs living in endemic areas should be vaccinated for Leptospirosis.

If you need more info let me know  (+ info)

Where can i find a picture of a person with Leptospirosis?

i really need it for a school project. because we have a tarpaulin making contest. I have searched yahoo and google, but i really am having a hard time, i Hope you can help me, thanks sooo much.

I just went to google.co.uk, selected the 'images' tab and typed in 'Leptospirosis patient'.....and got a selection of pictures come up with suffers showing symptoms.  (+ info)

what are the foods to be avoided after Leptospirosis cured.?

I have been under Leptospirosis for about 10 days and i cured after medication and docter ask to keep NON-Veg and alochol away short period, can any one give advice regarding this food to be taken and to be avoid.

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How contagious is Canine Leptospirosis to humans and other pets?

It doesn't infect other species, so it's not contagious at all, except to other dogs.  (+ info)

Likelihood of catching leptospirosis after swimming in river?

my friends and I live in Japan, and we went swimming yesterday in a waterfall area. However we learned that there are farms around the area, but we aren't sure exactly where, and it was raining for 2 days before we went. I Was wondering what is the likelihood that I caught leptospirosis or something else, and should I get my blood tested to confirm I did or did not?

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What is the classification of the disease, Leptospirosis?

As in bacteria...is it cocci or what?

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where can i find a pathophysiology for leptospirosis?

i've seen one in emedicine.com but all it discussed was the possible complications of the disease. i need to know how the leptospira affect the body or organs leading to the possible complications; the effects of leptospira in our body, the risk factors, including the icteric and anicteric type of lepto

This may be a more consumer-friendly site for you. Hope this helps.  (+ info)

Did a woman die from Leptospirosis contacted by drinking from an infected Soda Can?

No  (+ info)

How do I know if I have Leptospirosis?

Im a vet nurse, and I know this sound like a stupid question to be asking, but how would i know if I have lepto? Ive been in contact with a dog possibly with it and ive been handling its urine without gloves before we even knew. I now have an aweful cough, but only that so far, i handled the urine about 4 days ago now? should I see a doc, or see what happens?? Sorry? I should have worn gloves i know....

Leptospirosis symptoms begin from two to 25 days after initial direct exposure to the urine or tissue of an infected animal. This can even occur via contaminated soil or water. Veterinarians, pet shop owners, sewage workers, and farm employees are at particularly high risk. People participating in outdoor sporting activities like canoeing, rafting, hiking, and camping can also come into contact with contaminated water or soil.

The illness typically progresses through two phases:

The first phase of nonspecific flulike symptoms includes headaches, muscle aches, eye pain with bright lights, followed by chills and fever. Watering and redness of the eyes occurs and symptoms seem to improve by the fifth to ninth day.

The second phase begins after a few days of feeling well. The initial symptoms recur with fever and aching with stiffness of the neck. Some patients develop serious inflammation of the nerves to the eyes, brain, spinal column (meningitis), or other nerves. Right upper area abdominal pain may occur. Less common symptoms relate to disease of the liver, lungs, kidneys, and heart.

If you are at all concerned, it would be worth it to check with a doctor.  (+ info)

How is leptospirosis spread and the organ in the body which is most affected by the disease?

method of spread

Leptospirosis is caused by the bacteria Leptospira, which is spread through water contaminated by the urine of infected animals. The disease is not contagious from person to person. In order to contract the disease, one most pick up the bacteria in contaminated water or through other means of exposure (animals).

The effects of the disease are systemic and include flu-like symptoms, jaundice, rash, diarrhea and severe abdominal pain. Some patients have very light symptoms or none at all.

The problem with leptospirosis is that it mimics the symptoms of many other diseases and therefore is difficult to diagnose. It is important that it be treated effectively as it can develop into more serious matters of kidney and liver failure, meningitis and respiratory difficulties.

The Center for Disease Control has an excellent site with info about leptospirosis. Check it out:

http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dbmd/diseaseinfo/leptospirosis_g.htm  (+ info)

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