FAQ - Leukokeratosis, Hereditary Mucosal
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How big is the risk of having a miscarriage and is it hereditary?

My grandma, aunt, and cousin (from a different aunt), have all had miscarriages around 3 months. Can this be hereditary? I am only a few weeks pregnant and I am scared to death! I am eating healthy and trying to drink a lot of fluids. If you're going to have a miscarriage, is it inevitable, or can you always prevent it by good health, etc.?

Why do miscarriages occur?
The causes of miscarriage are not thoroughly understood. When a woman has a first-trimester miscarriage, her health care provider often cannot determine the cause. However, most miscarriages occur when a pregnancy is not developing normally. Usually, there is nothing a woman or her provider can do to prevent it.

Among factors known to cause first-trimester miscarriages, the most common is a chromosomal abnormality in the fetus. Chromosomes are the tiny thread-like structures in each cell that carry our genes, which dictate all traits from eye color to the workings of our internal organs. Each person has 23 pairs of chromosomes, or 46 in all, with one chromosome per pair coming from the mother and one from the father. Up to 70 percent of first-trimester miscarriages are caused by chromosomal abnormalities in the fetus.3

Most chromosomal abnormalities result from a faulty egg or sperm cell. Before pregnancy, immature egg and sperm cells divide to form mature cells with 23 chromosomes. Sometimes, the cell splits unevenly, resulting in egg or sperm cells with too many or too few chromosomes. If a cell has the wrong number of chromosomes, the embryo has a chromosomal abnormality and is usually miscarried. Chromosomal abnormalities become more common with aging, and women over age 35 are at higher risk of miscarriage than younger women.

Chromosomal abnormalities also can result in a “blighted ovum”—a pregnancy sac that contains no fetus, either because the embryo did not form or because it stopped developing very early. In early pregnancy, the woman may notice that her pregnancy symptoms have stopped and she may develop dark-brown vaginal bleeding. An ultrasound examination will show an empty pregnancy sac. A “blighted ovum” will eventually result in miscarriage, though miscarriage may not occur for weeks. Because waiting for a miscarriage can be upsetting, doctors often offer the woman the option of emptying the uterus with a procedure called a D&C (dilation and curettage). However, waiting for a miscarriage to occur naturally should not harm a woman’s health or chances for a healthy future pregnancy. A woman and her provider choose the approach that is best for her.

Other factors that can contribute to early miscarriage include hormonal problems, infections, and maternal health problems (such as poorly controlled diabetes, systemic lupus erythematosus, or thyroid disease. A recent study found that women with an infection called bacterial vaginosis were nine times more likely to have a miscarriage than uninfected women.4

A mother’s lifestyle also may increase her risk of a first-trimester miscarriage. Studies suggest that women who drink alcohol, smoke cigarettes, or use illicit drugs may increase their risk.5 One study also suggested that women who use pain-relieving medications such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (such as ibuprofen) and aspirin around the time of conception may also increase their risk of miscarriage.6

Second-trimester miscarriage often is caused by problems with the uterus (such as an abnormally shaped uterus) or by a weakened cervix that dilates prematurely. As with first-trimester losses, maternal infections and chromosomal abnormalities can cause later miscarriages. Chromosomal abnormalities appear to cause about 20 percent of second-trimester miscarriages.3 Certain maternal immune system problems (such as lupus) also can cause these losses.

Factors that usually do not increase the risk of miscarriage include having sex, working outside the home (unless a woman works with harmful chemicals), and exercise.

Hope this helps and my thoughts and prays are with you and yours also included the website  (+ info)

How can i know if my gastritis is hereditary, chronic or acute?

Also, if its hereditary does that mean you'll have it for the rest of your life? My uncle started to have gastritis when he was my age (14) and has had it for the rest of his life. the difference is he lived in poverty in guatemala. The doctors didnt tell me if it was any of this. all the doc told me is that im going to have have it for 2 months. i get tummy pains every other day, but its not as bad as it was 3 weeks ago.
please help.

Actually i had gastritis some time ago, and it has nothing to do with heritage. pretty much it depends of your work or live environment, what you eat, etc. it's pretty complicated.  (+ info)

Does anyone know if Type 1 diabetes is hereditary?

My partner has Type 1 diabetes (the insulin dependent -non lifestyle dependent sort) and we are planning on having a child. Is this hereditary and is there anything that can be done to stop or lower the chances of it being passed down?

Amount the various factors for Diabetes Type 1, hereditary reasons are also one of the factor but this can not be ATTRIBUTED FULLY TO DIABETES.

Type-1 diabetes, once known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin, a hormone needed to convert sugar (glucose) into energy. Although type 1 diabetes can develop at any age, it typically appears during childhood or adolescence.

Type 1 Diabetes - Results from the failure of the body to produce insulin, the hormone that, unlocks the cells of the body, allowing glucose to enter and fuel them. It is estimated that 5 to 10 per cent of Americans who are diagnosed with diabetes have Type 1 diabetes.

Various factors may contribute to type 1 diabetes, including genetics and exposure to certain viruses. Despite active research, type 1 diabetes has no cure. But advances in blood sugar monitoring and insulin delivery have simplified the daily routine of managing type 1 diabetes. With proper treatment, people who have type 1 diabetes can expect to live long, healthy lives.. -  (+ info)

How would you tell parents that thier child has a hereditary disease?

Hereditary or infectious disease. We have to present out information on the chosen disease by pretending to address the parents of the child who has this disease. How would you tell the parents? My chosen disease: Osteogenesis Imperfecta

I would just say it. Be honest. Find some material on it. I have never heard of this one. sorry and good luck. Give the facts.  (+ info)

How do you know if your dark circles are hereditary?

Like lets say you were 0-15 and didnt have dark circles went throu some rough stuff and at 16 -17 have dark circles !!! is that hereditary . And my family does somewhat have them but they are barely noticeable. Would these dark circles still be heredity even if you havent had them since they were born??? Thanks.

yes, genetics can play a part
also make sure u get enough rest, exercise, good diet..you know those good life things  (+ info)

I would like to know if migraine headaches are hereditary?

I have a friend who gets them all of the time and he will not see a doctor. He says that it is hereditary because his dad gets them too, whom i don't think has seen a doctor either.

Caffeine helps headaches. If one stops or decreases their caffeine intact suddenly it may cause migraines. Excedrin Migraine has caffeine in it to help. Heredity my be a cause or not. Major headaches should be examined by a doctor to diagnose it as a migraine and nothing else more serious. Please encourage your friend to see a doctor, private or in a clinic. Server headaches can be a symptom of more serious problems such as tumors or abnormal fluid in the brain or a problem with circulation of blood within the brain. Go see a doctor please before it may gets worse.  (+ info)

Why are many people wiggling their toes and is this hereditary?

I've seen many people who wiggle their toes. Everybody has a special pattern/figure which he/she repeats constantly. Why are so many people doing this? And: i've seen many people whos sisters, brothers, fathers or mothers wiggle their toes the same way (same pattern) they do. Is it a hereditary/genetic motion? What do you think?

lol yes
we all can all 11 of us
  (+ info)

The name of a hereditary disorder/disease that affects the blood and immune system and starts with G?

I was told the name of the disorder at one time and only remember it started with a G, it was a long and unusual name and the disorder involved the blood and/or immune system. It is hereditary and may affect fertility and recovering from simple colds and the flu.

Hello !
Here is a list of diseases that comes into my mind at this time.
G6PD deficiency
Guillaine Barre Syndrome

Feel free to ask if you have further querry.

Dr. Zeeshan Chattha
www.mydiabetesclinic.com  (+ info)

Why do many people wiggle their toes and is this a hereditary thing?

I've seen many people who wiggle their toes. Everyone has a special pattern/figure which he/she repeats constantly. Why do so many people do this. And: i've seen so many people whos sisters, brothers, fathers or mothers wiggle their toes the same way (same pattern) they do. Is it a hereditary/genetic motion? What do you think?

Guess what? i just wiggled my toes  (+ info)

How can this Birthmark not be hereditary?

My boyfriend has the same bithmark on the back of his head as his brother, father and grandfather. His Aunt and two Uncles on his fathers side have the same mark, as well as their children. I looked up birthmarks and it said that they arn't hereditary. It is a light pink mark that sits just under the hair line at the back of his head. So if it isn't a birthmark then what is it?

its commonly called a "stork bite" and it is hereditary, because it varies from your typical form of birthmark.

its caused by raised blood vessels as opposed to excessive melanin. hence the pinkish color instead of brown.  (+ info)

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