FAQ - Myelodysplastic Syndromes
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What is the differences between these syndromes?

Can someone tell me a little about
~downs syndrome
~fetal alcohol syndrome
~high functioning autism
~asperger's syndrome

What causes these syndromes?

even if you just know some info on one topic, please tell me.

my son has down syndrome
it is a chromosomal defect affecting the 21st pair of chromosomes. what happens is that the 21st pair (when it splits) splits wrong and causes a third little chromosome to be present. hence the name: Trisomy 21. that defect is in every single cell of someone with down syndromes body. they say that it is a fluke of nature..and there is no known cause for this disorder. there is also no cure.

i am as educated in the other disorders but i hope i helped you to better understand down syndrome. check out this link that can help you more on Down Syndrome =]
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Down_syndrome  (+ info)

What do you call those people who work with syndromes?

I really dont know.... im thinking that you need to be a doctor or summin but i talking about juss syndromes...cuzz i think i want a job that work with syndrome stuff...

hmmm, there are lot of different syndromes that cut across a lot of fields, psychology, medicine, etc. I need more information then that.  (+ info)

what is the mortality rate for Myelodysplastic syndrome in and 80 year old woman?

Assuming that you know more about Myelodysplastic syndrome than I do then you should understand this better than I do:

Prognosis and prognostic indicator in MDS
Indicators of a good prognosis in MDS Younger age; normal or moderately reduced neutrophil or platelet counts; low blast counts in the bone marrow(<20%) and no blasts in the blood; no Auer rods; ringed sideroblasts; normal karyotypes of mixed karyotypes without complex chromosome abnormalities and in vitro marrow culture- non leukemic growth pattern.

Indicators of a poor prognosis in MDS:

Advanced age;
Severe neutropenia or thrombocytopenia
high blast count in the bone marrow (20-29%) or blasts in the blood
Auer rods
absence of ringed sideroblasts
abnormal localization or immature granulocyte precursors in bone marrow section
all or mostly abnormal karyotypes or complex marrow chromosome abnormalities
in vitro bone emarrow culture-leukemic growth pattern.

Prognosis and karyotype Good: Normal,-Y,del(5q); Intermaediate: All other abnormalities Poor; Complex(>3 abnormalities); chromosome 7 anomalies

The International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) is the most commonly used tool in MDS to predict long-term outcome.

Maybe you can visit the Wikipeida page and cut & paste that bit and show it to her doctor to ask him or her to explain it to you in laymans terms.

Good luck  (+ info)

Is it possible for someone to have two different syndromes that both caused her deafness?

Whenever someone does a report on me for the newspapers or talking about me to someone else, they would say that I have Mondini Syndrome, which is where the cochlear in my inner ear is malformed.
But if you were to talk to my doctors, they would say that I have Pendred Syndrome, which is where my thyroid gland produces abnormal levels of thyroid hormones stuff.
They both are major contributors to the causes of deafness among people.

I'm really confused.

From what I found...the Pendred syndrome is a problem with the thyroid, because a goiter may form in up to 75% of cases. However, they believe it may show an abnormality of the inner ear known as Mondini dysplasia (syndrome).
If you read here, it connects the two:

Here are more links on the Pendred syndrome:

Here are a couple more links on the Montini syndrome:

I hope this is of some help. The Mondini dysplasia is common...the Pendred syndrome is not...therefore, the newpapers have listed the wrong diagnosis you received.

I would ask the doctor if this is possible
with you to have the mondini dysplasia...if
he saw this on your tests he has done.  (+ info)

What degree would be best to work with people that have syndromes; ex. Tourette syndrome, Down syndrome etc...?

I have tourette syndrome and would like to work with others that have different kinds of syndromes that might be more severe or just need outside help dealing with their syndrome. I know what I want to do but I am not sure what degree if any would be right to get started on this path. I assume it would habe to be something in the health field obviously but just do not know what. Thanks for any answers.

If your interest is in helping people with special needs live as independently as possible, you probably want to go in the direction of social work, public health, perhaps developmental psychology and/or child development. You could also go into medicine (neurology, genetics), neuroscience, biomedical research, nursing, physical/occupational therapy.  (+ info)

What are syndromes associated to fibromyalgia?

I am looking for a specific one, all I know is that it is associated to fibromyalgia, and the name is two people's names, hyphenated, and ending in syndrome. Thanks :)

  (+ info)

Will there someday be a cure for genetic deletion syndromes?

This sounds very science fiction but I am wondering if anyone knows of any research being done to cure people *already* born with a genetic disorder? If perhaps some kind of medical treatment could alter the genetic components of cells and people with something like a deletion syndrome could systematically be "cured" as the cells in their entire body reproduce to a healthy (or complete) state?

.  (+ info)

What would youwhat do i have i have syndromes of conflabuiton ambaressing moments negative thinking also can i?

watch on my hand tape on my mouth to protect my self?

I'm trying to figure out what in the cornbread hell this question is all about. Mercy!  (+ info)

Are there any syndromes/disorders caused by an event?

I'm planning on writing a book and I wanted to get everything in order before I actually start writing, and my main focus is a kind of syndrome that is caused by a traumatic event in the sufferer's life. I wanted to know how events have had an impact in the sufferer's life and how they cope with it.

I already know of PTSD (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder), and the ever infamous DID (Dissociative Identity Disorder).

Thank you for your help.

I think any disorder, really, can be caused by an event.
DID and PTSD are big ones but a lot can come from both. It depends on how the person feels. I think since you're the author, really anything can happen.

Sexually abused people probably have social withdrawal, i can see alcohol/drug abuse fitting in there, same with self harm/eating disorders.

It depends on what kind of syndrome you want. There's some that just kinda happen like PTSD and others that are purposefully put into place for whatever. reason.

For example PTSD is a psychological thing, like a pavlovian response. Anorexia could come from this if they were mentally abused.

Sorry if this sounded like a ramble haha. I would just google a bunch of random syndromes and see if you can fit them together somehow to fit into your story  (+ info)

What are the clinical syndromes associated with opportunistic mycoses?

Dear Nick,
Opportunistic mycoses are infections due to fungi with low inherent virulence which means that these pathogens constitute an almost limitless number of fungi. These organisms are common in all environments.
The fungi most frequently isolated from immunocompromised patients are saprophytic (i.e. from the environment) or endogenous (a commensal). The most common species are Candida species, Aspergillus, and zygomycetes.
When a fungus is isolated from an immunocompromised patient, the attending physician has to distinguish between:
Colonization (which is of no major concern)
Transient fungemia (often involving C. albicans)
Systemic infection.


In immunosuppressed patients, common fungal infections may have an unusual presentation because of:
1. Atypical signs and lesions.
Malassezia furfur usually causes a rather benign and self-limited disease in normal hosts (Tinea versicolor), but in immunocompromised patients may show a rash with disseminated disease and sepsis. This organism requires long-chain fatty acids for growth. Patients receiving parenteral fat emulsions for nutrition become a walking petri plate.
2. Unusual Organ affinity.
Candida may invade liver, heart valves; Oral thrush occurs in people who are relatively immunocompetent while esophageal candidiasis occurs in those patients who are immunologically compromised. Cryptococcus may cause pulmonary and cutaneous infections.
3. Infections with systemic dimorphic fungi occurring outside endemic areas. These factors complicate the diagnosis and management of these diseases.
4. Unusual Histopathology.
Even the inflammatory reaction may be different in biopsy specimens. The normal host reaction to fungal invasion is usually pyogenic or granulomatous. In the immunodeficient host, the reaction is necrotic.

  (+ info)

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