FAQ - Peritoneal Diseases
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Has anyone out there had to take Peritoneal Dialysis treatment? What is the downside of the treatment?


I have been diagnosed with end stage renal disease. My doctor believes I am a good candidate for peritoneal dialysis, a type of dialysis done at home via a cathether surgically placed in the abdomen. Can anyone tell me what it is like?
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I am not on dialysis but I do work with dialysis patients. Peritoneal is usually pretty good like the other person said you are at home so you have to be very responsible and careful. Make sure you have a clean environment and a room just for dialysis stuff cause I heard it is alot of bags and boxes. Also the only side effect is Peritonitis and I 've heard it's can be really bad every one I've talked to really was scared during that time ( because of the infection) but everything is not for everyone. Some people are really scared of needles so it might be best for you.
good luck and email me if you have any questions  (+ info)

Does anyone know if Peritoneal Mesothelioma has the same awareness color for just Mesothelioma which is Pearl?


I'm not sure since Pearl is for lung cancer and things pertaining to the lungs. Peritoneal Mesothelioma is dealing with the abdomen area. If it's not the same, does anyone know the color for it?
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Peritoneal Mesotheliomas are not plaques as they are in the lungs, but are tumour like nodules within the peritoneal space (a part of the stomach) They can vary in size, and also in colour such as - white, red, yellow-tan, pink, or grey.

Kind regards,

Ann.

More info on my mesothelioma website . .  (+ info)

What is the life expectancy of Peritoneal Dialysis at 13%?


My grandmother will be sixty years old, is diabetic, suffers congenial heart failure, and smokes at least two packs a day. Next month, she will begin Peritoneal Dialysis. I was curious as to what the average life expectancy rate is for someone, perhaps with similar conditions to her, taking Peritoneal Dialysis. Any estimates are greatly appreciated.
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The average life expectancy of a person on dialysis is 5 years. My Mother passed away in her 5th year, my brother passed in his 1st year, but I am on year #6, but I know people that have been on it from 12-20 plus years. There are a number of variables to consider. There are guidelines to consider when on dialysis. How compliant she will be with the treatments, medications, diet and any underlying health problems that she may have in conjunction with the kidney failure, ie. diabetes, high blood pressure, heart or circulatory problems...etc. Then there is age. There is no blanket, one size fits all lifespan number. It totally depends her her health, her mental attitude and compliance. Good luck and best wishes.  (+ info)

What diseases can be cured by stem cells and how would the cells cure those specific diseases?


I need to know which diseases can be cured by Stem Cell treatment. I know that Parkinson's disease can be cured by this form of treatment but I need two other examples. I also need to know exactly how the cells will treat those specific diseases such as how the stem cells would target the motor cortex, causing a more sufficient amount of dopamine to be formed when treating Parkinson's disease.
Thanks,

Cat.
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There are many hurdles before stem cell implantation can be a potential cure or treatment for Parkinson's disease. At this point skin cells have been used but the long term results are not in yet.

Other conditions with a cure potential include diabetes type 1 (juvenile diabetes), ALS, Huntington's disease, Becker Muscular dystrophy (BMD), Down Syndrome, adenpsone deaminase deficiency (ADA-SCID), Gaucher disease type III, Schechman-Bodian-Diamons syndromw (SBDS)

There is stem cell treatment for Crohn's disease.
http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/139774.php

Additional reading (I can't do all of your homework)
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/08/080807130834.htm

Proprietaty stem cells can prevent vision loss - retina protection:
http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/127718.php

You can also read this one about PD:
http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/141418.php

The 2nd part of your question can be searched in a normal fashion. If I find time, I'll check it too.  (+ info)

What diseases would have the symptom of coughing up blood or blood in the phlegm?


This is not a symptom of my own so please don't tell me to go to the doctor, it is for a piece of work I have to do for College.

If you could tell me the name of a disease/ diseases that cause this, preferably not consumption or TB, a little about it and other symptoms it would be a massive help!
If you could also include treatment options and how serious a disease it is that would also be fantastic!



Hope you can help! Thanks!
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First: spitting up blood is clinically known as: HEMOPTYSIS (bloody sputum, spit)
Yes, pneumonia is the most likely, but......
The following is from my medical e-book (I'm a nursing student)

"Blood in the sputum (hemoptysis) is most often seen in clients with chronic bronchitis or lung cancer. Clients with tuberculosis, pulmonary infarction, bronchial adenoma, or lung abscess may have grossly bloody sputum."
Also the end stage of cycstic fibrosis will present with hemoptysis.

a biggie in the hospital is:
PULMONARY EMBOLISM
PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
A pulmonary embolism (PE) is a collection of particulate matter (solids, liquids, or gaseous substances) that enters venous circulation and lodges in the pulmonary vessels. Large emboli obstruct pulmonary blood flow, leading to decreased systemic oxygenation, pulmonary tissue hypoxia, and potential death. Any substance can cause an embolism, but a blood clot is the most common.

Pulmonary embolism is the most common acute pulmonary disease (90%) among hospitalized clients. In most people with PE, a blood clot from a deep vein thrombosis (DVT) breaks loose from one of the veins in the legs or the pelvis. The thrombus breaks off, travels through the vena cava and right side of the heart, and then lodges in a smaller blood vessel in the lung. Platelets collect with the embolus, triggering the release of substances that cause blood vessel constriction. Widespread pulmonary vessel constriction and pulmonary hypertension impair gas exchange. Deoxygenated blood shunts into the arterial circulation, causing hypoxemia. About 12% of clients with PE do not have hypoxemia.

Pulmonary embolism affects at least 500,000 people a year in the United States, about 10% of whom die. Many die within 1 hour of the onset of symptoms or before the diagnosis has even been suspected.

For clients with a known risk for PE, small doses of prophylactic subcutaneous heparin may be prescribed every 8 to 12 hours. Heparin prevents excessive coagulation in clients immobilized for a prolonged period, after trauma or surgery, or when restricted to bedrest. Occasionally, a drug to reduce platelet aggregation, such as clopidogrel (Plavix), is used in place of heparin.



A smaller one that popped up in the book:
GOODPASTURE'S SYNDROME
PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
Goodpasture's syndrome is an autoimmune disorder in which autoantibodies are made against the glomerular basement membrane and neutrophils. The two organs with the most damage are the lungs and the kidney. Lung damage is manifested as pulmonary hemorrhage. Kidney damage manifests as glomerulonephritis that may rapidly progress to complete renal failure (see Chapters 74 and 75). Unlike other autoimmune disorders, Goodpasture's syndrome occurs most often in adolescent or young adult men. The exact cause or triggering agent is unknown.

COLLABORATIVE MANAGEMENT
Goodpasture's syndrome usually is not diagnosed until serious lung and/or kidney problems are present. Manifestations include shortness of breath, hemoptysis (bloody sputum), decreased urine output, weight gain, generalized nondependent edema, hypertension, and tachycardia. Chest x-rays show areas of consolidation. The most common cause of death is uremia as a result of renal failure.

Spontaneous resolution of Goodpasture's syndrome has occurred but is rare. Interventions focus on reducing the immune-mediated damage and performing some type of renal supportive therapy.

  (+ info)

What diseases can you get from cutting yourself with a rusty knife?


This is a question from a growing nurse. I've always wondered if you really can get a disease from a rusty knife or any rust and what kind of diseases you can get.
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staph aureus and staph epidermidis are commonly found on the skin and are responsible for
most infected wounds. methicillin resistant staph aureus (MRSA) is becoming a serious
problem. tetanus (clostridium tetani) is also a possibility but is usually not a problem with superficial
cuts that bleed a lot. infected wounds not treated properly can become gangrenous (clostridium
perfringens). clostridium bacteria are anaerobic which means that require a lack of oxygen to
grow. poor circulation or elevating an infected foot may lead to gangrene due to the lack of oxygen
in the infected area. if a person touches the cut with unclean hands, e. coli could infect the wound.  (+ info)

How were these diseases prevented or cured in the 1600 to early 1700s?


Measles
Smallpox
Chickenpox
Malaria

How were some of these diseases dealt with in the 1600s? If there was no cure or anything to prevent the diseases to happen can you explain why and what resulted in these situations? Thanks!
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Inoculation was sometimes used to prevent smallpox but basically either you lived or you died. Most survived chickenpox & measles but there were those who died or were left scarred or with damage to the vision or nervous system. Malaria was a disease of the tropics and is found in parts of Africa, Asia, the Middle East, Central and South America, Hispaniola, and Oceania. Mostly people died.

The 1600s were in the 17th century & the 1700s were in the 18th century. Do some online research.  (+ info)

What are some diseases similar to tuberculosis and could be mistaken as Tuberculosis?


So I am researching tuberculosis, and I have to answer the question:

If it isn't your exact disease, what else could it be?

So essentially I have to find diseases with the same signs and symptoms, ones that may act in the same way or cause your body to look the same way as tuberculosis.

I then have to talk about how they are similar and why. Any help would be great. Thanks.
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So other mycobacterium would look the same on stains:
Mycobacterium bovis
Mycobacterium kansasii
and other mycobacteria

Other bacteria can cause similar lung disease (but look different on stain and culture):
Nocardia
Rhodococcus equii
and other bacteria
  (+ info)

What kinds of diseases can you get from using a public restroom?


I've always heard that you can catch diseases from sitting on public toilets but no one has ever told me what kind you can get.
So I'm curious what kind of diseases have people gotten from using public restrooms?
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You'd have a better chance of being hit by lightning. It's almost impossible to catch any kind of disease from a toilet, for the following reasons:
1. Infections don't live long outside the body...they need a host. Toilet seats are bad hosts.
2. They need warm wet areas to live.
3. Most infections enter the body through breaks in the skin or openings...
4. Even though your anus is an opening the intestines is a hostile enviroment for infection
5. You don't sit there long enough

You CAN get skin infections...I got one. They're not deadly, just annoying.  (+ info)

What different types of heart diseases do they have?


I'm 23 & I saw a heart doctor yesterday, & so far, he told me that it doesn't look like I have heart disease from the EKG & ultrasound, but he has to run a stress test on a treadmill to see how I handle it. I get chest pains very easily simply just from walking the 1st 2 minutes. I know I'm overweight & I'm trying to lose it. But how can I if every time I try to exercise, I get chest pains? My Dr. said I'm too young for heart disease, & my PCP told me my cholesterol is a little high but not enough to be put on medication.

What kinds of heart diseases do they have? I hope I don't have it, & I'm trying to do my best to prevent it.
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I have angina and wear a nitro patch..Ask about daily aspirin..
A coated childrens asprin takes the chest pain away quickly. you dont need a prescription for spray nitro.The side efects not pleasant :; pounding head etc.  (+ info)

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