What is the connection between malignant neoplasms and crabs?
The more common term for malignant neoplasms, cancer, is Latin for crab, and the word "carcinogen," meaning a cancer-causing agent, comes from the Greek word for crab, "karkinos." What is the connection between these two seemingly unrelated things?
Cancer, both the disease and the astronomical constellation, derive from the Latin cancer or cancrum, meaning crab. The astrological sign, of course, is said to resemble a crab and the disease was so named by the ancient Greek physician Galen (129-200 A.D.) who noted the similarity between a certain type of tumor with a crab as well—the swollen veins around the tumor resembling the legs of a crab.
Old English adopted cancer directly from Latin and used it for a variety of spreading sores and ulcers. This early sense survives in the modern word canker. From c.1000 in a manuscript called Læce Boc (Leech Book), collected in Oswald Cockayne’s Leechdoms, Wortcunning, and Starcraft of Early England, Vol. II, 1865:
Gemeng wið þam dustum, clæm on ðone cancer.
(Mix with the dust, smear on the cancer.)
And from Wyclif’s 2 Timothy, 1382:
The word of hem crepith as a kankir
The word was being applied specifically to the disease we today call cancer by the beginning of the 17th century. From Philemon Holland’s translation of Pliny’s Historie of the World:
Cancer is a swelling or sore comming of melancholy bloud, about which the veins appeare of a blacke or swert colour, spread in manner of a Creifish clees.
The astronomical sense of cancer is from the Latin name for the constellation of the crab. The name was known to the Anglo-Saxons, but only as a Latin name and was not assimilated into English until the Middle English period. It appears in Ælfric’s De Temporibus Anni, written c.993, in a list of the constellations of the Zodiac:
Feorða • Cancer • þæt is Crabba
(Fourth, Cancer, that is the crab.)
The Anglicized name appears c.1391 in Chaucer’s Treatise on the Astrolabe:
In this heved of cancer is the grettist declinacioun northward of the sonne...this signe of cancre is clepid the tropik of Somer.
(At this first point (head) of cancer is the greatest declination northward of the sun…this sign of cancer is named the tropic of summer.)
(Source: Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd Edition) (+ info
How does rectal temperature compare to oral?
I have a 1 year old with a rectal tempature of 101.3. How does a rectal tempature compare to tempature taken orally? Are there charts or can you just add 1 or subtract 1 to get the right answer. Please cite your source.
I know you do that add or reduce a degree or something like that, but I don't know which...this could help you with that though http://parenting.ivillage.com/baby/bhealth/0,,3q7q,00.html or http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/491657 I believe the whole idea of those articles, the rectal temperature is the correct one. No adding or subtracting needed.
I do know that if the temperature is taken rectally, then normal temperatures run from 98.9 to 100.4. http://www.medhelp.org/glossary2/new/GLS_3965.HTM
To avoid all that confusion, and because I didn't want to stick that poor thing in my son, I went out and bought the same thermometer that his doctor uses. It just scans his forehead. Quick 2 second scan across the forehead to give you the temperature.
Granted, it was $50, it's worth the money.
This tells you all the normal temperatures no matter where you check on the baby....http://www.webmd.com/hw/health_guide_atoz/tw9223.asp (+ info
How should I insert a rectal thermometer into my 6 month old baby?
My doctor has instructed me to use a rectal thermometer on my baby. Please describe in detail how to. I don't want to hurt her. Will she cry? How should I hold her?
A rectal temp is the most accurate because you are getting the temperature of the core of the body.
Lay your baby on his back with his diaper off. Lift up his legs with one hand (just as if you are changing his diaper). If he's wiggling around a lot, you might want to try laying him on his side and pushing the top leg up towards his belly. Insert the silver tip of the thermometer into his rectum. Hold it there for 2 minutes before getting your reading. It won't be easy to keep your 6 month old still if he's awake, so be ready to distract him with some silly songs and faces. And don't worry...this won't hurt him at all.
Good luck! (+ info
How do you get rid of rectal fungus from using Doxycycline?
If antibiotics can cause a rectal area fungus how do you get rid of it Mr dr has tried a cream now on my second round of antibiotics not including the first one that caused the problem.. I can't take it anymore any suggestions.
you definitely need to get rid of fungus!
for me worked very well ZetaClear! I think it is the fastest way to get rid of fungus! Nail fungus is tough to treat. The extracts in Zetaclear provide the most powerful therapeutic effect for healthy looking nails.
Obviously, you can't spray herbicide on your feet or hands! The next best thing is Zetaclear. It's made from all-natural homeopathic ingredients. This product works time after time and results are guaranteed. This extra strength solution is designed to be as aggressive and strong as possible, without causing irritation.
It worked fast and still works for me!
I do not know if any pharmacies carry ZetaClear but I do know that you should purchase it directly from the manufacturer and read more about the product here http://www.zetaclear.com/?aid=749165 (+ info
What happens during a rectal exam and will I have to have an enema before the exam?
I'm a 16 year old girl who is constantly getting constipated, so my mom scheduled an appt. for me to get a rectal exam. This is my first rectal exam and I'm scared of the idea of someone examining my rectum. Will someone please explain what happens during the rectal exam
I had one done before.. they'll make you get in a gown and take your panties off.. but they'll ask you to turn on one side.. There will be a doctor and a nurse with you, especially if the doctor is of the opposite sex.. He or she will insert a rod (its as tiny as like a thermometer), with a camera attached. They'll look to see if theres any blockages, and go from there..
hope this helps :)
Also, remember.. the best part to remember is to R.E.L.A.X. if youre relaxed, it wont hurt. (+ info
How do you ease rectal trauma without taking drugs?
I had anal intercourse with my chick last week and now, 5 days later, she is still experiencing sever rectal pain. She happens to be allergic to Aspirin, Tylenol, and Motrin so is there any way to help ease her pain naturally?
She should see a doctor ASAP -- go to the emergency room if she can't get in to see her doctor. She may have internal bleeding and this is just way to serious to ignore for one more minute.
Don't be embarrassed to get professional help -- this is not unusual. (+ info
How long does it take to recover from having a rectal catheter for 2 weeks?
13yr old in ICU in a coma for 2 weeks had rectal catheter. Been out for a week now. Still has an accident from time to time. How long till it gets better? Is this something we should worry about?
The kid was in a coma. Its going to take a while for everything to get back to normal. Worry in a few weeks. (+ info
What does a rectal exam feel like for a woman?
For a man, a rectal exam can be sort of pleasurable due to the prostate. But women have no prostates. What do women feel during a rectal exam?
HELL!!! (+ info
What are the main causes of rectal bleeding in people under the age of 18?
Let's say a teenager (about 17) is having rectal bleeding every time she makes a bowel movement. What would the cause of this be? Is this serious? Should she see a doctor about this? No pain. No discomfort. Simply alarming.
polyps, hemorroids maybe
I would see a doctor..
http://www.medicinenet.com/rectal_bleeding/article.htm (+ info
Heavy amount of rectal bleeding during pregnancy, what are the causes and is it serious?
Heavy amount of rectal bleeding during pregnancy, what are the causes and is it serious? Besides hemorrhoids.
Sounds like piles to me. You may not have the pain of the haemorrhoid yet but there could be something happening inside. I suffered terribly from piles during pregnancy, so get it checked see if you can take Lactulose and just eat a high fibre diet.
Don't know what the OP means when she says doc can treat it painlessly, nothing painless when piles pop out for a visit.
If it's not piles then it could be something to do with pressure from wherever the baby is lying.
My sis has just been checked out for rectal bleeding, they checked her for polyps? so maybe consider that.
But I think rectal bleeding is one of those things that we must get checked out so get yourself to the doc (+ info
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