FAQ - Subcutaneous Emphysema
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Whats the difference between chronic bronchitis and emphysema?


I am doing an essay on the Lungs and bronchitis and I came across a website that says " Chronic Obstructive Pulmanory Disease" Refers to 2 lung diseases Chronic Bronchitis and emphysema which is obstruction to the airflow. I know about bronchitis, but I was wondering if there is a difference between the two. thanks
thanks for the info everyone, im having a look at the pdf now. it looks really good by the way cheers
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Perhaps Bronchitis can be cured? I should think so. Anything with 'itis' at the end means an inflammation of, i think. Emphysema is, eventually, fatal.  (+ info)

What are the symptoms of lung cancer and emphysema?


I have smoked for 14 years, and the last 3 years I have been coughing a lot and the mucus is there but I cant seem to cough it up, can someone tell me if this is cancer or emphysema?
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Lung Cancer Symptoms
Lung cancer symptoms that suggest lung cancer include:
•Dyspnea (Shortness of Breath)
•Hemoptysis (Coughing Up Blood)
•Chronic Coughing or Change in Regular Coughing Pattern
•Wheezing
•Chest Pain or Pain in the Abdomen
•Cachexia (Weight Loss), Fatigue, and Loss of Appetite
•Dysphonia (Hoarse Voice)
•Clubbing of the Fingernails (Uncommon)
•Dysphagia (Difficulty Swallowing).
If the cancer grows in the airway, it may obstruct airflow, causing breathing difficulties. This can lead to accumulation of secretions behind the blockage, predisposing the patient to pneumonia. Many lung cancers have a rich blood supply. The surface of the cancer may be fragile, leading to bleeding from the cancer into the airway. This blood may subsequently be coughed up.

Depending on the type of tumor, so-called paraneoplastic phenomena may initially attract attention to the disease. In lung cancer, these phenomena may include Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (muscle weakness due to auto-antibodies), hypercalcemia, or syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH). Tumors in the top (apex) of the lung, known as Pancoast tumors, may invade the local part of the sympathetic nervous system, leading to changed sweating patterns and eye muscle problems (a combination known as Horner's syndrome) as well as muscle weakness in the hands due to invasion of the brachial plexus.

Many of the symptoms of lung cancer (bone pain, fever, and weight loss) are nonspecific; in the elderly, these may be attributed to comorbid illness. In many patients, the cancer has already spread beyond the original site by the time they have symptoms and seek medical attention. Common sites of metastasis include the brain, bone, adrenal glands, contralateral (opposite) lung, liver, pericardium, and kidneys. About 10% of people with lung cancer do not have symptoms at diagnosis; these cancers are incidentally found on routine chest radiograph.

Lung Cancer Causes
The main causes of lung cancer (and cancer in general) include carcinogens (such as those in tobacco smoke), ionizing radiation, and viral infection. This exposure causes cumulative changes to the DNA in the tissue lining the bronchi of the lungs (the bronchial epithelium). As more tissue becomes damaged, eventually a cancer develops.

•Smoking
Smoking, particularly of cigarettes, is by far the main contributor to lung cancer. Across the developed world, almost 90% of lung cancer deaths are caused by smoking. In the United States, smoking is estimated to account for 87% of lung cancer cases (90% in men and 85% in women). Among male smokers, the lifetime risk of developing lung cancer is 17.2%; among female smokers, the risk is 11.6%. This risk is significantly lower in nonsmokers: 1.3% in men and 1.4% in women. Cigarette smoke contains over 60 known carcinogens, including radioisotopes from the radon decay sequence, nitrosamine, and benzopyrene. Additionally, nicotine appears to depress the immune response to malignant growths in exposed tissue.
The length of time a person smokes (as well as rate of smoking) increases the person's chance of developing lung cancer. If a person stops smoking, this chance steadily decreases as damage to the lungs is repaired and contaminant particles are gradually removed. In addition, there is evidence that lung cancer in never-smokers has a better prognosis than in smokers, and that patients who smoke at the time of diagnosis have shorter survival times than those who have quit.
Passive smoking—the inhalation of smoke from another's smoking—is a cause of lung cancer in nonsmokers. A passive smoker can be classified as someone living or working with a smoker as well. Studies from the U.S., Europe, the UK, and Australia have consistently shown a significant increase in relative risk among those exposed to passive smoke. Recent investigation of sidestream smoke suggests that it is more dangerous than direct smoke inhalation.


What Are The Symptoms Of Emphysema?
The first sign of emphysema is shortness of breath when you are exerting yourself. Eventually, this shortness of breath may occur even when you are at rest.

As the disease progresses, the following symptoms which are related to one of the other major lung diseases also caused by smoking - bronchitis - may occur:

•Difficulty breathing (dyspnea - this can also be caused by emphysema)

•Coughing (with or without sputum)

•Wheezing (this can also be caused by emphysema itself)

•Excess mucus production

•A bluish tint to the skin (cyanosis)


Nice To Know:

If wheezing occurs, it helps to know whether it is found while breathing in or out (or both). Wheezing at the end of a complete exhalation is usually due to bronchitis. Wheezing that begins early in expiration is usually due to emphysema or the combination of bronchitis and emphysema - COPD.

If you only wheeze when you breathe in, you probably have asthma (or, very rarely, a narrowing of you  (+ info)

How long can you live with emphysema?


My dad was diagnosed with Emphysema almost 1.5 years ago. He smoked for almost 50 years. As soon as he was diagnosed with the disease, he stopped smoking and has never smoked since. I love my dad very much and I am very proud of him for stopping smoking, however, I just feel like it is too little too late. How long can someone live with Emphysema if they follow doctor's orders to a T?
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That's a very difficult question to answer without knowing the specifics of your dad's case. It really depends on how severe the damage to his lungs is. I've seen patients live for several decades, and others only a few years...

If the damage isn't too severe, and he doesn't smoke, takes good care of himself, gets good medical attention, he could do fine for many years.

Here's some more info on emphysema...

http://www.helium.com/tm/587045/emphysema-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary  (+ info)

My grandfather has emphysema and I know there are environmental ways too help. What are they?


My grandfather is in his 80s and has emphysema ( I think from being around absestos). We have air filters and central A/C and try to reduce his exposure to odors. The main problem is my grandmother. She insists on hanging out sheets and vacuuming while he's in the room. She also uses this 30 year old vacuum and refuses to try one with a HEPA. She says hers was the best on the market when she bought it. It throws tons of dust into the air. She doesn't wear perfume and she's very aware of when he's using his inhalers (he also has asthma). She just doesn't seem to get the fact that some things are out there that can help her help him breathe better. They see several different doctors so none of them know everything about what happens at home. I was wondering if anyone has had a similar experience AND what they did. Also if anyone knows of websites or sources that are really good maybe proof would knock some sense into her. She's a wonderful woman just very old school.
He obviously leaves the room when my Gramma is vaccuming. I'm just worried about what's still in the air hours later. I know I have read things such as don't hang wash out and use air purifiers etc. They avoid environments were people smoke (such as only going to smoke free restuarants and not going to the homes of persons who smoke). He also uses the masks a lot when he's out doors. He loves sitting on the porch and often will wear them at home. My gramma is stubborn and I guess I was just looking for specific websites that reiterate the cleaning things so I have something specific to show her. She's old school and doesn't believe word of mouth stuff that she didn't grow up with. But if I can show her specific ressearch or even just websites or newspaper articles she's more likely to believe it. Unfortunately, saying "some guy on the internet said" won't cut it with her. I really do appreciate everyone's responses. And I wish good health on you who are suffering as well.
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Before there were vacuums there was and for me still is the damp mop with a sprinkling of disinfectant for picking up all the dust .Then theres the dusting above the floor again damp cloth,then all the polishing of both floors and above.
Emphysema to me, also with others that Ive spoken to seems to have an attachment of anxiety when dust is seen flying our way and it does hurt its a burning sensation in your throat and chest.I have just find out why one of my old friends with Emphy whose 86yo/ but his lung is only 70 still likes a beer or two.It truly helps them to relax so much that they're breathing like a normal person for a while under the influence, and I think good on you live.I am 57yo/ with a lung of a 90 yo/ . So each time we meet at the Hospital classes and we're called together we have a good laugh in finding out if we all have the same age lungs.Look after your Grandad and mention to Nan that she will have no one to clean for soon.Ask if she could go back to the real old school, mops etc washing ceilings,walls then to polish. Every day  (+ info)

Are nicotine withdrawal symptoms different or more pronounced in someone who has emphysema?


My mother has emphysema, and only recently quit smoking. Trouble is, since quitting, her health seems to be deteriorating. She's had problems with pain in her legs (she's also extremely sedentary, but this is the first time she's complained of pain), she feels far more fatigued, and though she was short of breath before, it's far more noticable now. Her cough is almost constant, and - as she terms it - exhausting. I'm looking for several things out of this question:
1) Are these symptoms "normal" for nicotine withdrawl in someone with emphysema?
2) Shoud we expect other symptoms?
3) What medicines or holistic remedies are recommended?
4) Is there anything that *I* can do to help her?

Thanks for your time!
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Emphysema can not be reversed. The physical withdrawal is just hard and may cause a person who does not feel well and is inactive to be more aware of the discomfort. Just like you can work through pain if you are engages in something more interesting. I know 2 people who swore that their allergies got worse when they quit smoking - the theory being that the tar had been coating the lungs and keeping the allergens out. Sounds like crap to me, but they insist, so take it at that.
Just be supportive and upbeat, you have no control in this.  (+ info)

Is there other ways to deal with air that is too cold for someone with emphysema?


My husband has emphysema and says the air hurts his lungs,but it is over 68 degrees in the house at all times.

We can't afford to have the thermostat at 80.

What other options are there?
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I have emphysema and 68 degrees does not hurt my lungs. I am not saying it doesn't hurt his lungs, his emphysema may be more advanced than mine, but since my lungs are not affected at that temperature it might be a good idea to have a doctor check him out to see if there is something else causing it.   (+ info)

What is the difference between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and emphysema?


Will COPD turn into emphysema?
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COPD is a term used to describe a number of respiratory diseases, of which emphysema is one of them. Chronic bronchitis is another one of them. Emphysema is a chronic pumonary disease, usually caused from smoking.. Chronic means it has taken years to develop to the point where you notice it is harder to breathe. Over years of smoking the alveoli (tiny airsacs in the lung) become damaged and what we call overdistended and they can not function properly. If empysema progresses it can lead to needing supplemental oxygen use at all times. Emphysema/COPD can not be cured but you can slow the progression by quitting smoking and taking the medications prescribed by your physician .  (+ info)

How long do people live with Emphysema?


My grandpa is 80 years old and has Emphysema. He also has diabetes, has had 2 heart attacks, bi-pass surgery (within the last 20 years) and has to be on oxygen constantly. My grandma came over today and before she left, she told me that I "really need to get over to see my grandpa". The way she said it kind of freaked me out. I'm feeling like she knows something that I don't. And I didn't want to push by asking. How long do people live with Emphysema?
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No one can really tell you how long people with emphysema can live. I was dx. 10 yrs ago with severe emphysema. Many people in my support group are in their 70's and 80's and still going. Your grandfather has other serious complications in addition to his emphysema, all of which are life threatening. I'd suggest you see your grandpa as much as you can for as long as you can. I promise you, you won't regreat it. My best to you and your grandparents  (+ info)

what is the average life expectancy of a person with emphysema?


My dad has emphysema and his Dr just put him on continuous oxgyen. unfortunatly he still cannot kick the smokeing habbit, he is in his early 70's, and has smoked forever .when I went to visit him a week ago,he slips into the bathroom and smokes then comes back into the living room and inhales oxgyen till he feels better .
I would not say anything to him or voice any concerns as he has already told my brother he is grown and he will do as he pleases....so why bother....
I seen him sit on the edge of his couch and gasp for air many times while I was visiting and it breakes my heart.
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Life expectancy with emphysema varies from case to case. There is no average. However there are 3 things that shorten life expectancy. A forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1) of exhaling that is less than 1 liter per minute. This is the amount of air that a person can forcefully blow out in the first second of exhaling, which is measured as part of a simple breathing test called spirometry. Severe bouts with emphysema that occur frequently can shorten life expectancy. Smoking causes emphysema to progress 3 times faster. This means the FEV1 drops 3 times faster in smokers than in non-smokers. So the most important thing that your father can do to help himself is to quit smoking. It is not possible to say that this will stop the emphysema from effecting more of his lung, but it will slow down the rate of progression.  (+ info)

How long can someone live with chronic emphysema?


I just found out that my dad has chronic emphysema. He is 50 years old and smokes 2 packs of cigarettes a day and he is also an alcoholic. If he continues the same lifestyle how long would you say he would live?

I know nobody really knows but just give me an estimate if you will plz
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he has to stop smoking.

talk to him about it


I lost a friend to emphysema a few months ago. it is not a joke  (+ info)

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