FAQ - Typhoid Fever
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How often do people update Vaccination of Meningitis; Yellow Fever, Typhoid,?


Meningitis 3 years
Typhoid 3 years
Yellow Fever 10 years  (+ info)

Can you die from typhoid fever?


Yeah. It's about that science project again, only I need to find out if you can die from typhoid fever. Is it truly severe? If anyone finds a link, can you give it to me? Thanks a ton.

KaiNami
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Yes you can. It's one of the reasons why drinking water safety is so critical. These links should provide you all the info you need for your assignment.
www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dbmd/diseaseinfo/typhoidfever
www.who.int/topics/typhoid_fever/en  (+ info)

4days fever always above normal. negative typhoid, negative to bacterial endocarditis. the patient is sufferin?


the patient is with TOF. no cough/colds, no tonsilitis, nothing everything except very high fever. what maybe the diagnosis is?
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this is likely a mild case of streptococcus aureas, which can bypass lymphatic reflex action, and avoid action potential by the nervous system, it avoids detection from the enteric nervous system by inhibiting the nodes of ranvier from detecting the antigens and starting the inflammatory response, it it a very complex systemic disease, but very common. the hypothalamus will try to raise the bodies core Temperature in an effect to nullify the enzyme catalyst action by the bacterium thereby disabling it from spreading.  (+ info)

how long does typhoid fever usually last?


can typhoid fever present as fever only for 17 weeks, then develop only abdominal pain and vomiting, swelling in the last 3 weeks? help
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Do you live in one of these places;
Africa
Asia
Middle East

Have you had immunizations from birth?

If you answer NO then YES, then the chance that you have Typhoid fever if maybe a 0000.001 in 40 million. Don't self diagnose yourself, go to a doctor.  (+ info)

What organs are targeted by typhoid fever?


Please answer quickly!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
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The organs and/or systems affected by typhoid include:
Intestines with intestinal hemorrhage and perforation.

Liver & gallbladder: Jaundice may be due to hepatitis, cholangitis, cholecystitis, or hemolysis.

Pancreatitis and simultaneous acute kidney failure.
Cardiopulmonary manifestations
Heart with myocarditis occurs.
Pulmonary effects have also been reported.
Neuropsychiatric manifestations
Other less commonly reported events are mania, and depression.
Hematologic manifestations such as intravascular coagulation occurs commonly in persons with typhoid fever.

Genitourinary manifestations with kidney damage.
Skeletal muscle characteristically shows Zenker degeneration, particularly affecting the abdominal wall and thigh muscles.

Clinically evident polymyositis may occur.
CNS (brain) manifestations
Focal intracranial infections are uncommon.
Recently, multiple brain abscesses have been reported  (+ info)

How does our body NATURALLY fight Typhoid fever?


i really need this information...if you know anything about it, plz tell meee!!!!
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You could find the information you seek with a decent web search. The body's first response to the infection is usually a fever, a very high fever. The next step is most usually to trigger diarhea, in an attempt to remove as much of the bacteria from the gut as possible, and this usually causes bloody diarhea. The immune system will go on alert, and the body will try to fight it off, as it does with all bacterial infections. The problem is that typhoid can quite easily reproduce quickly enough to overwhelm the body's defenses. Strictly speaking, we don't naturally fight off typhoid fever very well. In some outbreaks the rate has been as high as 50%, even with antibiotics it's still can get up to 10% depending on the exact strain doing the infecting. A certain percentage of those who do recover from an untreated bout will become carriers- usually about 4% of those who survive. Even those convalescing will remain infectious for months afterwards, infecting others in turn. Given that early treatment has reduced the fatality rate to less than 1%, I can't think of any reason why somebody would prefer to not be treated. Depending on the body's natural ability to fight it off could well prove fatal, if not to the person, then to others whom they would infect in the months to come.  (+ info)

Is it possible for a patiant of typhoid and malaria fever to test positve to HIV?


If both the ELISA test and the confirmatory Western Blot test is used, then a person with malaria and typhoid will not test false-positive.

Causes of false positives (which are very rare...range from 0.0004% to 0.0007%) include:
-autoantibodies (single case in the literature)
-HIV vaccines (people who participate in vaccine trials)
-Factitious HIV infection (patients who report a positive test in the past which is erroneous due to misunderstanding or an intent to deceive)
-Technical or clerical error

Other illnesses would not cause a false positive result with standard HIV blood screening (ELISA/WB)
  (+ info)

Who founded the typhoid fever vaccine?


Sir Almroth Wright of Ireland  (+ info)

why does typhoid fever leads to encephalitis and eventually leading to meningitis?


Typhoid fever is caused by a bacteria, Salmonella typhi. This particular bacteria can grow and multiply in your macrophages/monocytes, which are a type of white blood cell. This allows the bacteria to move around to other body tissues and organs as well as in the blood stream, which will lead to eventual infection of the brain and spinal column  (+ info)

What is the incubation period for Typhoid Fever?


Typhoid fever presents as a febrile illness 5 to 21 days after ingestion of the causative microorganism in contaminated food or water. The incubation period and inoculum needed to cause disease vary depending upon host factors such as age, gastric acidity, and immunologic status.
Patients with typhoid fever classically present with sustained fever, abdominal tenderness, and hepatosplenomegaly. However, the clinical manifestations of enteric fever are varied and may include diarrhea or constipation, rash (rose spots), and neuropsychiatric symptoms.
Data on the numbers of Salmonella typhi organisms required to cause disease have been obtained from human volunteer studies and from epidemiologic investigations. In general, the greater the dose, the higher the attack rate and the shorter the incubation period. In one report, 10(5) colony forming units of the Quailes strain of S. typhi was administered orally to 116 adults: 32 (28 percent) developed typhoid fever  (+ info)

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