FAQ - acute disease
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Is malaria an acute or chronic disease?

I'm thinking acute but I'm not sure

a disease is acute when it last less than 6 months... chronic diseases last more than 6 months...=)  (+ info)

what is acute/seroconversion hepatitis b mean?does this mean a progress of cure from hepatitis b disease?

Seroconversion is when your blood goes from non-reactive to Hepatitis B to having a measurable immune response. Acute illness ( usually right after infection) causes liver inflammation, vomiting and jaundice. Most adults develop a good immune response that can then control the virus although some fraction of people develop chronic disease.  (+ info)

what is worse,acute renal or chronic renal disease(failure)?

on my papers it says i have chronic renal failure stage 1 and i don't know which one of the two are more severe then the the other acute or chronic

  (+ info)

How long does one live if diagnosed to have acute leukemia?

My friend has been diagnosed to have acute leukemia. He was advised to undergo chemotherapy. I am wondering, what is the survival rate for this kind of disease? Please advise.

Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL): 64.6 percent survival rate
Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML): 19.8 percent survival rate  (+ info)

I am doing a school project. I need info on prevention and treatment of Acute Adrenal Disease. Please be real

Mystery Disease Dandy Lion Publications

Acute adrenal disease, which is also known as Addison's Disease, has a very complete discription at the following website: http://www.nadf.us/diseases/addisons.htm  (+ info)

what is coronary occlusion acute,arterio-sclerotic cardio vascular disease and acute myocardial infarction?

1)a severe blockage in the heart.
2) a condition brought on by high cholesterol that blocks the veins and arteries leading to and from the heart.(commonly known as hardening of the arteries )
3) a major heart attack  (+ info)

How to deal with chocking and dry mouth complication in Parkinson's disease?

My mother is probably having side effect of certain drugs given to her for treatment of Parkinson's disease. She complains to acute stiffness in the neck, chocking throat due to which unable to eat or drink properly and dryness in the mouth. Medicines being given are Syndopa, Quitipine, Amantrel, Pramirol, Mirnite, Zolfresh & Ativan. Any suggestion, how to deal with and get some relief?

I am sorry to hear about your mother's condition.

It is more likely that the symptoms which you mention are related to the Parkinson's disease itself rather than the medications. However, some of these side effects can be made worse by the medications. Not knowing your mother's disease progression and after going through the prescription medication list, it is hard to know what is medication and what is PD. What about over-the-counter medications? Are there more that should be on the list?

To begin with the sypmtomatic issues:
Neck stiffness, for example, is an early symptom of Parkinson's in women. The treatments for it are levodopa, exercise and massage. I would suggest that if your mother lives in an area where there is a massage therapy school and she has transportation, that she have at least a medical massage every week. The reason I suggest a school is because the cost is about half. It is almost always an out of pocket expense because even though it is a vital therapy for PD, it is rarely covered by health insurance. Medical massage will help with rigidity, range of motion, pain, relieving muscle knots, relaxation and general well-being.

Although choking and swallowing problems are considered non-motor symptoms, they are also muscle problems. Vocal exercises can do a lot to keep the problems from getting worse. Good vocal exercises performed daily can help breathing, swallowing, speaking. They can promote self confidence as a person can rejoin conversation without being asked to repeat themselves.

Below is a link to an article which includes another link to a DVD which my husband has found very helpful. The DVD is called Voice Aerobics and was designed and is led by a speech pathologist. Although it is not the Lee Silverberg method, it is practical and easy to use.
In the right column are links to more exercises for the body, the voice, for breathing and relaxation under the general heading of Exercises.

It is important that your mother begin exercising, especially her throat because choking is the leading cause of death among Parkinson's patients as it leads to aspiration pneumonia and bronchitis. It also deprives them of the enjoyment of eating as many eventually have to go to feeding tubes.

The next link is to three articles about weight loss and PD and also dehydration. There is also a discussion about dry mouth. In the articles about weight loss, which will occur with your mother if she can't swallow, are several areas of discussion about why PD patients suffer from weight loss.

One last word about not eating because of swallowing problems. It is important that your mother have nutrition so I would suggest going to things like ensure, smoothies, protein shakes timed at least an hour after her levodopa so that there won't be an impediment to the effectiveness of the l-dopa.

I'm not familiar with the drugs your mother is taking which suggests that she is not in the USA. Lets's take a look at them one at a time.

Syndopa is levodopa. It does not include the carbidopa or lodosyn which she seems to need now. Here it is known as Sinemet. It is also known as Atamet, Paracopa, Co-careldopa in the UK as well as several other names world-wide. It is possible that the levodopa alone is no longer as effective as it should be. She needs to discuss this with her neurologist.

Quitipine? Do you mean Quetiapine? or Seroquel? It is an anti-psychotic with a sedative effect and might have some cognitive value for her. AND it does have a side effect of Difficult Swallowing, stiff muscles, increased urination (which she might not be discussing with anyone). An additional side effect is increased thirst and dry mouth. So this is something to debate with her doctor. I am wondering if the controlled release might deliver a more constant but lower dose. If not, it may be time to titrate down. Unless there is a worse symptom which it is treating.

Amantrel appears to be amantadine hydrochloride an anti-viral which is still sometimes used because it is an anti-inflammatory, improved muscle control, reduces stiffness and levodopa induced dyskinesia. It may also stimulate cognition and energy.

Pramirol is also known as Mirapex or Pramipexole a dopamine agonist which can cause cognitive issues, hallucinations and compulsive behaviors. It is used for motor symptoms and as early monotherapy as well as adjunct therapy to levodopa. It can cause drowsiness. Apparently your mother is reacting well to this medication. Dopamine agonists bind to dopamine receptors. Eventually they begin to wear off increasingly and this could be happening to your mother. Sometime dopamine antagonists are added but this for a discussion with her doctor.

Mirnite: (Remeron, Mirtaz, Olsalazine, Mirtazipine) is a combined serotonin reuptake inhibitor. One of the side effects is dry mouth. Interestingly enough it is available as a sublingual for people with swallowing issues. It is used to treat depression.

Zolfresh is a short-term sleep disorder medication. Sleep disorders are also part of PD. It is also known as Zolpidem. Other names include: Adormix, Ambien, Ambien CR, Edluar, Damixan, Hypnogen, Ivedal, Lioran, Myslee, Nytamel, Sanval, Somidem, Stilnoct, Stilnox, Stilnox CR, Sucedal, Zoldem, Zolnod and Zolpihexal. It is a non-benzodiazepine hypnotic which potentiates GABA. It is an anticonvulsant and a muscle relaxant. Side effects include impaired judgement and reasoning, short-term memory loss. Note that it is apparently not expected to be used long term.

Ativan (lorazepam) Is another anti-anxiety medication. Unlike the Zolfresh, this one is a benzodiazepine. The common side effects are sedation, dizziness, weakness and unsteadiness. depression. disorientation, memory impairment, tremor, blurred vision, slurred speech and several others including Central Nervous System depressant effects when taken with other CNS depressants.

It sounds as if she might not need everything she is taking and it is most certainly time to present the same list to her doctor, just in case the doctor is not aware of all of the meds she is taking  (+ info)

What is the name of the disease that involves the formation of a large carcinoma in both the frontal lobes ?

Symptoms include an individual who shows a relatively indifferent behavior, no facial expression,high spirit, volatile, "a riot", full of quips and cracks, often clever and funny, no insight though acute and intelligent? What is the name of the disease and has this got any relation with Cerebral Multiple Sclerosis? Please help me understand this in more detail & I will be thankful 2 u all who respond/answer me.

Carcinoma is cancer. The "symptoms" you list are personality traits and not symptoms of a disease. No clue as to "cerebral multiple sclerosis".  (+ info)

Addison's Disease - Looking for healthcare help for someone with no healthcare insurance?

I'm looking for financial help / assistance for a person residing in Fort Worth, TX who has advancing Addison's disease. He has no health care insurance and is having increasing trouble dealing with the acute episodes that occur and prevent him from being able to work.

Can anyone here point me in the right direction to help him get some assistance to get the care that he needs? I know there are grants & funds for various conditions & medications, but I'm not sure where to begin helping in this case.

Many thanks in advance for your response.

I have met the similiar problem before -- still a little bit annoy,here http://www.healthinsurance-onlinetips.info/health-insurance-for-free.htm is a good resource that help me out.
  (+ info)

i'm asking about acute and chronic disease?

i'm asking about acute and chronic disease
example cough it is chronic when more than 3 months
with or wthout ttt ????????
i mean if it is more than 3 months without ttt is it also chronic?

Acute infection - Of abrupt onset, in reference to a disease. Acute often also connotes an illness that is of short duration, rapidly progressive, and in need of urgent care.

A chronic condition is one lasting 3 months or more

If you don't have a cough for 3 months then the cough is neither acute nor chronic.
You are coughless, without, sans cough.  (+ info)

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