My son was diagnosed with Pleomorphic Adenoma, 3 tumors in the neck and 1 in cheek. Can this turn into cancer?
This is his second operation in 3 years. The first one was in the submandibular gland, they took it out and the gland. Now 3 years later, he had 1 in the parotid gland and 3 in the lymph nodes near where the submandibular gland was. What are the chances of this going elsewhere in his body and turning into cancer?
This tumor of the salivary glands is also known as a benign mixed tumor and presents as a painless mass, typically in adults from the 3rd to 5th decades. The tumor has a circumscribed appearance when it is cut. The majority of these tumors arise within the parotid gland (75-85%). When occurring in minor salivary glands, the palate is the most common site (60-65%). Complete surgical removal is curative but if the initial surgical procedure does not completely remove the tumor, there is a low recurrence rate of less than 2%.
Rarely, a malignant tumor may arise within this tumor, a phenomenon known as carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma. This has been reported to occur in 2-7% of cases. Frequent local recurrences and distant metastases mark the clinical course of carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma.
How can i get information about Polymorphic Adenoma after surgery?
I was diagnosed with Pleomorphic adenoma behind the ear.My doctor decided to operate ,I need to know what to expect after surgery.
Your doctor will be able to tell you all about it. (+ info
How long does it take for a Pituitary adenoma to grow 2 cm?
My wife had a pituitary adenoma (macro) that had grown to 2 centimeters. It put pressure on her optic nerve and had to be removed. She was diagnosed 2 months later with Multiple Sclerosis Relapsing Remitting because of continued eye pain. How long does it take an adenoma to grow to 2 cm and was that the cause for eye pain. Did she have to have the operation (null adenoma) ?
By "null adenoma", I will take that to mean a non-functioning adenoma? In any case, a tumor of that size, pressing on the optic nerve did require surgery.
There are many types of pituitary tumors and a few can be reduced in size using medications.
As for how long it takes to grow, you should take a look at her pathology. Some would take a while, but some can be more aggressive and grow in a short period of time so only by knowing the specific pathology of the lesion will you have more information.
The MS may or may not be related. Many of the pituitary diseases are considered to be auto-immune and so is MS and often when you have one auto-immune disease, you will get another (and another). I got another auto-immune disease afterward, as well as I had others before. Some of my other friends with pituitary tumors on the other hand, did not. (+ info
How big is a 4mm adenoma in comparison to the pituitary glad?
I just came from my first endo appt, and she told me i have a 4mm pituitary adenoma. I have to undergo more testing but with all that info i forgot to ask...how big is that compared to the gland itself?
i know the adenoma is 4 millimeters but how big is the gland itself?
The pituitary is about the size and shape of a kidney bean so your adenoma is smaller and considered a microadenoma. I can't stress enough how important it is to get a good pituitary endocrinologist to treat this. If she is not a specialist in pituitary disorders find another Dr...you can look at www.pituitary.org and do a Dr. search. Also, this is a great table to look at your symptoms and see which hormones are affected: http://www.goodhormonehealth.com/symptoms/gland_hormone_symptom_table.html Also, some Drs are in the stone age about growth hormone and if you are deficient will not prescribe it. Its very important and studies show adults who are deficient have a higher mortallity rate..not to mention the awful symptoms you get. (+ info
Elevated ketones after a transphennoidal surgery of hipofisis adenoma?
Last Saturday my neuorsurgeon removed an adenoma about 6 x 5 mm, my blood sugar went down, but I have high blood pressure and my urine ketones ar as high as 150. What is happenning?
Your body has undergone an operation. Ketones can occur with viruses and bacterial infections throwing the body out of control. Drink lots and lots of liquids to control the ketones. The worst mistake you can make is not trying to lower your ketones, resulting in ketone acidosis (kidneys) which will more than likely cause you to be hospitalized. If you have consistent keytones and are checking them frequently and cannot get it under control, go to the emergency room and get an I.V.
Do not wait. If your ketones presist go to the hospital!!! (+ info
Does anyone know the dangers of a hepatic adenoma during pregnancy?
I am 25 weeks and have a hepatic adenoma. It is the size of a golf ball. Everything I read says that there is risk of rupture in the third trimester. Anyone know of this?
Hepatobiliary disease, although rare, may present during pregnancy with potential complications for mother and fetus. We present two cases of choledochal cysts and one case of a hepatic adenoma diagnosed in gravid patients. All three patients had acute events or failed medical management and were successfully treated with open resection, excision, or reconstruction during the second or third trimesters of pregnancy without requiring blood transfusions or tocolytic therapy. Although conservative treatment may be indicated in select patients due to the risk of underlying disease, we recommend surgical treatment preferably in the second trimester. With diligent intra- and postoperative management, pregnant patients can safely proceed with major hepatobiliary surgery (+ info
Can you die from a pituitary adenoma?
If so what is the percentage? Can you tell if a pituitary micro-adenoma has turned into a macro-adenoma? Can you die from that too?
A pituitary adenoma is a type of tumor of the pituitary gland. This gland is located basically in the middle of the head, just below the brain and above/between several large sinuses. Microadenomas are very common and generally harmless, and one study estimated that as many as 1/5 people have one when they die and have no noticeable problems as a result.
However sometimes the adenoma can cause problems; because of its size (it can compress the optic nerves or blood vessels) in which case a person might suffer progressive blindness or a stroke, or because it can secrete excess pituitary hormone. The hormone and resulting symptoms vary depending on the exact location and cell type, but for example it may release growth hormone or thyroid hormone. Like I said many people have a microadenoma and don't even know it, don't have any symptoms. But if begins to cause problems, there are multiple drugs and surgical procedures which can remove it.
With all of the available treatment options it's pretty rare to die from a micro- or even macroadenoma, but again it's something to keep in the back of your mind if you develop strange symptoms. These are too many and too various to go into here, and in any event is best done in person with your primary physician. However the most common one I will say is vision changes, usually a noticeable decrease in the peripheral vision of both eyes that results from the tumor growing and compressing the nerves responsible for sight. Hope this helps. (+ info
My mamogram showed a clustered pleomorphic calcifications in the right breast. Is this is bad? Breast cancer ?
I have a family history of breast cancer and would like to know if this is bad? I have to go for a biopsy on 1/13/09 and am very concerned.
any time you hear pleomorphic, that is not a great sign, but it does not guarantee cancer either, it could mean abnormal cells that are not cancer which could be benign or it could also be pre-cancer. how large is this mass? many times tumors less than 1cm and up to 2cm are easily treatable and can be resected. even if it does turn out to be breast cancer it is not the guaranteed gloom and doom it once was, now with modern advances and treatment regimens, people are seeing cure rates up to 89% with this disease. best wishes to you and I hope this helps. (+ info
What are the causes apart from Pituitary Adenoma for a non pregnant female to start lactating?
My daughter is 28yo and her youngest is 18mths. She finished breast feeding about 9mths ago and all of a sudden she has started lactating. She is not taking OCP. Any suggestions you medical gurus out there??
I think a pit adenoma or cyst would be the biggest possibility. These are usually non-cancerous and treatable, but the worry is the damage being done to the pitutiary. Has she all her hormones tested? This is the first thing that needs to be done. If more than one hormone is out of range then it points to a pit tumor or cyst. The next step would be a pit MRI. This is my favorite site for symptoms of pit hormones: http://www.goodhormonehealth.com/symptoms/gland_hormone_symptom_table.html Have your daughter look at this table to see if she has other symptoms. She should be seen by a pitutiary endocrinologist--not just by a regular endo who primarily sees just diabetes patients. go to www.pituitary.org for Dr. listings. (+ info
What is Hyperfunctioning Adenoma of the adrenal gland?
My husband thought he had a kidney stone with the typical symptoms of back pain, flank pain and pain extending to his groin. Went to the Dr. Xray revealed a 16mmx8mm area right kidney, he was then sent for a CT of the pelvis and abdomen that showed this was not a kidney stone rather it was a mass on the right adrenal gland measureing 3.6cm. He was then sent for a MRI that showed a 4 cm mass and mention not being able to rule out hyperfunctioning adenoma or Pheochromacytoma. Any advice.
Hyperfuctioning Adenoma: is a tumor that is excessively secreting a hormone, and in this case it sounds like Catecholamines as in Pheochromocytoma.
Did your husband have spurts of rage, anger, or hypertension and aggitation?
If benign, surgery is a definite possibility. Good luck. (+ info
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