FAQ - alkalosis
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What is a healthy carbon dioxide level in the blood for a person in her 30s?


The reference range on the lab paperwork is 21-33 mmol/L, but 'in range' isn't the same as 'ideal.' I've tested out-of-range once (18) and then barely in range twice (21). This was not an arterial blood gas test; the draw was done from from the usual vein in the crook of the elbow. Could these levels be low enough to suggest chronic mild respiratory alkalosis?
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You can not relly only on CO2 levels. To diagnose a respiratory alkalosis you need pH levels and bicarbonate levels. Do you have any respiratory conditions?
Like Asthma, COPD, Chronic Bronchitis??
Arterial Blood Gas normal levels are:
pH: 7.35-7.45
PaO2: decreases with age (90 is normal in a 20- year old person)
CO2: 35-45  (+ info)

why acidosis is more common than alkalosis?


Because carbon dioxide builds up and it is an acid.  (+ info)

Metabolic Acidosis and Alkalosis?


What waste product is increased with an increased rate of metabolism?
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Bicarb is your waste product of metabolism. An increase in Bicarb increases your PH level and a decrease in Bicarb decreases your PH level. When you are in metabolic alkalosis, sometimes your CO2 will try to increase to help compensate. For metabolic acidosis, your CO2 may decrease to help compensate. I believe that bicarb is increased with an increase in metabolism.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metabolic_alkalosis
http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec12/ch157/ch157d.html  (+ info)

Acute Acidosis/Alkalosis vs. Chronic Acidosis/Alkalosis?


Alright, if it's acidosis, the ph <7.35

And if it's Alkalosis, the ph > 7.45

Now, how do I know if it's acute or chronic?

What do I get if :

Hc03 = elevated/normal/ depressed?
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For compensation always look to the CO2 and the bicarb.
Start out looking at the pH. If it's acidotic then that's the primary condition so you look to the bicarb and CO2 to see which one is compensating for the other. A metabolic acidosis would be compensated for by blowing off CO2. A metabolic alkalosis would be compensated for by retaining CO2.
And the opposite is true. A respiratory acidosis compensated by retaining bicarb. A respiratory alkalosis is compensated by the bicarb falling.
That said, there are limitations on the system. One component can only go so far trying to compensate. And metabolic compensation usually takes longer to happen.
But always look to the pH for whether it was acidosis or alkalosis to begin with. It should always show you what came first because the body cannot overcompensate. Look for factors outside the body such as the patient receiving a dose of bicarb or overventilation on a respirator.
Now, chronic and acute. As I said the bicarb takes longer to dump or retain. And respiratory compensation is quick. So look to the bicarb for chronic compensation. As in long term respiratory acidosis from Emphysema, the bicarb will rise to compensate for that but it takes a while so you would say that is compensated chronic respiratory acidosis. 7.34/50/27 for example. You will see much much worse in your career but you get the idea. a chronic metabolic acidosis will show compensation as in 7.35/30/18.
Ok, just one more thing. Otherwise I'll get going and we'll be here all night.
A very simple formula. If the CO2 rises by 10mmhg the pH will drop by .10. Therefore 7.30/50/24 would be a pure acute respiratory acidosis. The opposite is true also. Blow off 10mmhg CO2 and you get 750/30/24. If the pH and PCO2 don't follow that rule look to the bicarb for compensation. You'll notice that the bicarb was normal in both examples.
I hope I have not confused you more.
God bless.  (+ info)

In response to respiratory alkalosis, the?


A) respiratory rate increases.
B) tidal volume increases.
C) kidneys conserve bicarbonate.
D) kidneys secrete bicarbonate.
E) kidneys secrete more hydrogen ions
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I assume this is homework. The kidneys compensate for respiratory alkalosis in two ways:
1) They reduce their bicarbonate reabsorption
2) Reduce their excretion of ammonia (hydrogen ions)

Both A and B typically are the CAUSE of respiratory alkalosis. Kidneys would not conserve bicarbonate because it would just increase the alkalosis more, just like if they secreted more hydrogen ions. Therefore, the answer is D.  (+ info)

acidosis or alkalosis???


i am feeling particularly smart today. I want to know if anyone else on Y!A knows what acidosis or alkalosis is...

10 points for the closest or most acurate answer (examples count too!)

good luck
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“ACIDOSIS” is the increased acidity of the blood causing a pH imbalance caused by what we eat and drink and the polluted environment we live in, resulting in toxic poisoning of the bodies tissues and cells, and internal inflammation.

This is the primary cause of ALL modern lifestyle diseases today and is preventable.
The pH balance of our bodies fluids, blood, saliva, urine and the fluids in and between the bodies cells are absolutely critical to our health and wellbeing. For optimum health, wellness and longevity the body must be in a slightly alkaline state.
I hope this helps in answering your question? You can read more about this in the article source which was researched by the NHL team.  (+ info)

Question about Acidosis and Alkalosis?


Name the natural buffer that normally prevents these conditions occurring?

I couldn't quite find any information about this on the net, much appreciate for your helps!! Thank you!!!
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Acidosis -- bicarbonate will buffer acidosis ... but unfortunately, the renal system takes time to increase the level of this buffer. Secondly, in the case of renal acidosis (diminished bicarbonate) or ketoacidosis (diabetes), the body will hyperventilate to reduce CO2 (carbon dioxide) to elevate the pH ....

Alkalosis -- in the case of respiratory alkalosis, the bicarbonate will slowly drop if the persistence of hyperventilation (chronic) is maintained ... in the case of metabolic alkalosis, the body .. to a point will slow its breathing down to elevate CO2 to assist in pulling the pH towards neutral (in this case ... it will settle for a physiologically tolerable pH ... such as 7.45 to 7.50) ...  (+ info)

resp./met alkalosis and acidosis determining question?


I know how to discern from th e pH acidosis and alkalosis, but I don't get what value tells you if it's respiratory or metabolic?
Thanks, I would love to have a simple answer for this, the whole met/resp alkalosis and acidosis thing is very confusing. There is a mnemonic for it that uses the ROME acronym, but I find it hard to use as I don't get what value tells you if it is resp or metabolic in origin.
TIA
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If it's respiratory, it's the CO2 that more out of whack. If it's metabolic, it's the HCO3. So, respiratory acidosis has a high CO2, while metabolic acidosis has a low HCO3. Respiratory alkalosis has a low CO2, while metabolic alkalosis has a high HCO3. If the acid/base dysfunction is more chronic, the other component will start to correct.  (+ info)

confusion about acidosis and alkalosis? please help!!!?


i have been doing so much research on this, getting bits and pieces together. I thought i understood it, well i went to so many different websites and they say the oppostite i swear! could somebody please tell me what the difference between acidosis and alkalosis is/are? (main thing i need to know about the blood ph) isnd acidosis- high in blood ph and alkalosis HIGH? geez i am so confused now those stupid websites./....thanks for any help
OMG! thank you so much for this brief and great explanation. i was wondering why i saw the word HIGH and LOW here and there with teh same key term... perhaps its also a bit late to be doing homework( its almost midnight where I am at) thank you so very much!
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Acidosis is high in acid, which means a LOWER pH.

Alkalosis is low in acid, which means a Higher pH.

7 is a neutral pH (equal amounts of acid and base). 1 is a very low pH, which is very acidic. 14 is a high pH - very alkaline.

Best wishes and good luck.  (+ info)

does drinking water with a pH of 10 lead to Alkalosis?


I bought a water ionizer and It splits your water into a higher pH...is this good or bad to drink pH 10 water???
what are the symtoms of Alkalosis and can drinking this water cause Alkalosis??
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It does! well, when you drink that water, the PH of your stomach can lower. and you'll lose H+ ions, but your body counts on a damping mechanism what ensure the PH balance of your body! But do not drink that water for a long time...  (+ info)

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