FAQ - aortic diseases
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How do the following Circulatory System Diseases affect the rest of the Circulatory System?

1. Atherosclerosis
2. Coronary Artery Disease
3. Aortic Insufficiency
4. Congestive Heart Failure
5. Valvular Stenosis

1. Atherosclerosis
Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen and nutrients from your heart to the rest of your body. Healthy arteries are flexible, strong and elastic. Over time, however, too much pressure in your arteries can make the walls thick and stiff — sometimes restricting blood flow to your organs and tissues. This process is called arteriosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries.
2-Coronary Artery Disease
Your coronary arteries are the major blood vessels that supply your heart with blood, oxygen and nutrients. When these arteries become damaged or diseased — usually due to a buildup of fatty deposits called plaques — it's known as coronary artery disease.
3. Aortic Insufficiency
Aortic valve regurgitation, also known as aortic insufficiency or aortic incompetence, is a condition that occurs when your heart's aortic valve doesn't close tightly. In this condition, some of the blood that was just pumped out of your heart leaks back into it. The leakage of blood may prevent your heart from efficiently pumping blood out to the rest of your body. If your heart isn't working efficiently, you may feel fatigued and short of breath.
4. Congestive Heart Failure
Heart failure, also known as congestive heart failure (CHF), means your heart can't pump enough blood to meet your body's needs. Over time, conditions such as coronary artery disease or high blood pressure gradually leave your heart too weak or stiff to fill and pump efficiently.
5. Valvular Stenosis
Pulmonary valve stenosis is a condition in which the flow of blood from your heart to your lungs is obstructed by a deformed pulmonary valve.
The disorder is usually present at birth. Adults occasionally have pulmonary valve stenosis as a complication of another illness.
Pulmonary valve stenosis ranges from mild and without symptoms to severe and debilitating, with most cases being mild. Mild pulmonary stenosis doesn't usually worsen over time, but moderate and severe cases may progress and require surgery. Fortunately, treatment is highly successful, and most people with pulmonary valve stenosis can expect to lead normal lives.

Take care as always! OIRAM  (+ info)

What is the prognosis for the following Circulatory System Diseases?

1. Atherosclerosis
2. Coronary Artery Disease
3. Aortic Insufficiency
4. Congestive Heart Failure
5. Valvular Stenosis

All of the conditions you listed have a wide variety of presentation, from mild to severe.

For example, an 80 year old with mild #5 might have a better prognosis than a 60 year old with severe #5.  (+ info)

In referece to Tetralogy of Fallot, what does aortic overriding mean?

I'm doing an assignment on Tetralogy of Fallot and I need to explain the anatomy of this disease. Could someone please explain to me what aortic overriding mean? Also, I'm not a medical proffessional (this is just my first anatomy course) so explain in plain English would be helpful. Thanks in advance.

Normally aorta is connected to the left ventricle and pulmonary artery to the right ventricle. In Tetralogy of Fallot, there is defect in the interventriclar septum (partition). The aorta over rides the septal defect so that half of aorta is connected to right ventricle and half to left ventricle. So it receives both oxygenated blood and deoxygenated blood (from right ventricle). Hence the babies born with Tetralogy have blue colour due to deoxygenated blood in their general (systemic) circulation.  (+ info)

Are there any new treatments for Congestive Heart disease and Aortic Sclerosis?

By new I would ask if there have been any break throughs within the past 2 years.

None that i am adware of ,, other than more pills,, and its aortic stenosis ,, none so far ,, except surgery to re-place it  (+ info)

How serious is Bicuspid Aortic Valve disease?

I have this (obviously congenital). 19 now, completely asymptomatic. Will having this catch up with me fast as I get older, or if I follow a good plan, hope to avoid having any kind of surgery?

I have this and so do 2 of my 3 sons...it is not so bad...my sons have yearly checkups/echos and take anti-biotics before dental treatment but that is it...no other issues.
My Bicuspid aortic valve was getting damaged and I had a big aneurysm in my asceding aorta which is why I had open heart surgery almost 3 years ago to correct and replace these 2 things. I am perfectly fine now and so are hundreds of others I know who have had the same operation.

It is common for us BAV's(bicuspid aortic valve owners) to start to have a few issues with our valves as we get to about 40. Shortness of breath when exercising and stuff like that...

Yes its very good for you to keep active as that keeps you & your lungs and heart muscle healthy...There is nothing else you can do to avoid surgery...besides, not all BAV people need the surgery...many of us go thru life not even knowing we have the condition and die of old age.

Dont dwell on the condition...get your yearly checkup, take anti-b's before dental or other invasive procedures and then live your life normally.
this is your best resource in the world for info on this condition...
http://www.bicuspidfoundation.com/  (+ info)

i had leg surgery for occlusive aortic disease, where they put in a sent, why are my legs still numb?

97 % blockage that feed your legs, the surgery was in the fall, and i have numbness still and i reatain fluids. My ankles swell. How long is that all going to take to heal, or should i be calling my surgeon?

I would advise that you call your surgeon.
It was a stent that was placed. They look like the spring that you find in an ink-pen. It keeps the space in the center of a tube open, that tube being your artery. I imagine that all of your arteries are affected by this disease, and the stent was place in a particularly bad part. It may be that your surgery was successful, and what symptoms that you have now are from other damaged arteries that are resisting proper blood flow.
It may also be that scar tissue has formed at the site of the stent. This is a problem with stents. You may have heard of medicated stents. They have a chemical on them that decreases the likelyhood of a bloodclot forming and the development of scar tissue. The medicated stents are very expensive and may not have been used. Your surgeon may need to take that one out and put into your artery a medicated one.
There are other possibilities too, like inflammation of the lining of the arteries, or infection.
Call your surgeon.  (+ info)

How serious is bicuspid aortic valve disease?

Variations in Disease Expression
While the bicuspid aortic valve itself is well known, information about the broader implications of this disease is still emerging, making the search for comprehensive information and expert treatment a challenging one. Understanding the nature of this condition and its potential affect on the aorta is crucial to the safety and longevity of those affected by it.

Bicuspid aortic disease is a condition that exists at birth. There can be significant variation in the way individuals are affected. However, the aortic root and ascending aorta are the aortic segments most commonly involved, and they are generally larger when compared to those in similar patients with normal trileaflet aortic valves. It is also known that development of aortic aneurysm or dissection may occur whether or not the bicuspid aortic valve has been replaced. Although it is possible to live a normal life span without experiencing problems due to this condition, many bicuspid disease individuals will require treatment during their lifetime. While the stereotypical patient requiring treatment might be a male in his 50s, this condition occurs across a broad range of ages in both males and females. Young individuals with bicuspid aortic valve regurgitation (leaking) experience a higher rate of dissection, aneurysm formation and rupture of the aorta, indicating a more severe form of the disease.

Bicuspid aortic disease has been found to affect multiple family members across generations, which has prompted research into the genetic aspects of this condition. Information emerging from these studies indicates that in families with bicuspid aortic disease, some members may develop ascending aortic aneurysm although the aortic valve appears normal. This condition also may skip generations, and since it is not possible to predict who may be affected, it is important to monitor all family members. This includes parents, children, brothers or sisters and extended family such as nephews, nieces and grandchildren.  (+ info)

Is aortic valve regurgitation considered coronary heart disease?

Coronary arteries are small arteries which supplies the heart. When you get coronary artery block you get heart attacks or if partially blocked you may get pains called angina. This is called coronary heart disease.
Aortic valve is the valve at the outlet of left ventricle. This valve can malfunction in many ways. It can cause narrowing of the aperture which is called stenosis or cause leak of blood back into the heart which is called regurgitation.
Though the both are not the same both can co-exist in the same person.  (+ info)

What are the symptoms of an aortic aneurysm in a horse?

I am writing a book and in the book a horse dies of an aortic aneurysm. When the horse is about to die, will it's breaths come short and in gasps? And What are the symptoms that a horse had an aortic aneurysm?

I'm guessing that it's the same as with people. Severe pain for a while. Then nothing.  (+ info)

How do you deal with an ascending aortic aneurysm?

My sister has an ascending aortic aneurysm measuring 5.3 cm. It hasn't grown over the past year. She quit smoking when it was diagnosed, but is lethargic, overweight, and suffering from anxiety. She put off surgery in order to loose weight and because the aneurysm hasn't grown. But she panics whenever she experiences an "odd" feeling. I don't know how to help her.

D...she needs this surgery 5.3 is big enough...I had mine fixed at 5.0 and I also had my aortic valve replaced at the same time. Do you guys have Bicuspid aortic valves...its a common occurence to have these 2 things together. The bicuspid foundation has a lot of info about ascending aortic aneurysms.

Here are a couple of web sites that will give you a lot of info you can trust.


A valve replacement may not be actually what she is needing at the moment but many people on there had both surgeries done (like me) at the same time to save another surgery in 10 yrs time to fix the valve. It will give you both a lot of useful info to think about.

I was not at all scared when I went for my surgery, I was actually excited to get that aneurysm gone so I wasnt in danger from it.  (+ info)

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